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Reel Legal


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all attorneys collectively; comes from railing that separates judges, attorneys, parties, and court officials from spectators; before the __ when inside railing
offering, giving, recieving, or soliciting of something of value for the purpose of influencing the action of an official in the discharge of his/her public or legal duties
Crime so serious that capital punishment is considered appropriate
Capital Offense
Officer of the royal household who served as the monarch's secretary or notary. responsible for the chancery; domestic or foriegn affairs.
specific statement of what crime the party is accused contained in the indictment or criminal complaint. In jury trials, oral instruction given by the judge to jurors before the jury begins deliberations.
sum of money paid to an employee contingent upon an event. act of granting authority to undertake certain functions. Official group appointed and delegated to consider some matter.
Commission (s) (ed)
Law arising from tradition and judicial decisions rather than laws passed by the legislature
Common Law
A person who gives counsel; advice. An attorney, especially a trial lawyer.
An act whereby in a particular case a lawful superior grants relaxation from an existing law.
The legal act (under state law) of ending or terminating a marriage.
A ruling family who remains in power for generations by choosing successors from among blood relatives.
the use of testimony and exhibits or other documentary material which is admissible in a judicial or administrative proceeding that is used to determine or demonstrate the truth of an assertion.
principal and severest censure, is a medicinal, spiritual penalty that deprives the guilty christian of all participations in common blessings of society.
Excommunicat (ion) (ed)
people who would inherit the estate of a deceased person by will, deed, statute, or otherwise.
someone who holds or adheres to an opinion or belief that contradicts established religious teachings, especially one that is officially condemned by religious authorities.
Formal, written accusation charging one or more people with a felony. Submitted to a grand jury.
legal proceeding filed with the court.
official authorization to do something that the person would not be entitled to do without the permission.
declaration made according to law, before a tribunal or officer, to tell the truth; take god into witness that what you say is true. Legally binding promise to tell the truth.
crime of making a knowingly false statement which bears on the outcome of an official proceeding that is required to be testified to under oath.
deferring to a prior reported opinion of an appeals court which forms the basis in the future on the same legal question decided in the prior judgement. Requirement that a lower court follow this is "stare decisis"
latin for "silence gives consent"
Qui tacet consentit
movement that emerged in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the church.
rules and administrative codes issued by governmental agencies at all levels. Because they are adopted under authority granted by statutes, they are enforceable under the law and often include penalties for violations.
The act of withdrawing from an organization, union, or political entity. Typically there is a strong issue difference that drives the withdrawl.
Doctrine that the sovereign or government cannot commit a legal wrong and is immune from civil suit or criminal prosecution. For a person individually to be immune to suit, they must be acting as an arm of the government.
Sovereign Immunity
Statement made in a legal proceeding or an administrative or legislative hearing by a witness. One type of evidience, as distinguished from writings, videotapes, and other forms of evidence.
Court of law or the whole body of judges who comprise a jurisdiction, with authority to adjudicate matters, hear and weigh evidence and render a decision or judgment.
If someone levies war against his state or country or sides to its enemies, giving them aid or comfort. Punishable by death. Need the testimony of two witnesses to the same act or a confession to be guilty in the U.S.
Someone who thought that slavery was wrong and should be ended. They normally felt so strongly about this that they took some kind of action.
A diplomatic official sent abroad by some sovereign state or ruler, with a legal commission and authority to transact business on behalf of his country with the government to which he is sent.
Formal legal document that conveys title to or interest in specific property from the seller to the buyer.
Bill of Sale
Moveable items of property which are neither land nor permanently attached to land or a building, either directly or vicariously through attachment to real property. Opposite of real property which includes land or buildings.
Information and testimony presented by a party in a civil or criminal action that permit conclusions that indirectly establish the existence or nonexistence of a fact or event that the party seeks to prove.
Circumstantial Evidence
An assertion of a right to money or property made by the injured partying that is suing.
Claim (and Delivery)
An order a higher court issues in order to review the decision and proceedings in a lower court and determine whether there were any irregularities.
Certiorari (Writ of)
Freeing someone from the control of another.
An elected or appointed public official of a country or designated district whose duties are governed by state law.
District Attorney
Latin term meaning "you have the body." It is a writ which directs the law enforcement officials who have custody of a prisoner to appear in court with the prisoner in order to determine the legality of the prisoner's confinement.
Habeas Corpus
One who was voluntarily or involuntarily committed to working for someone for a fixed number of years in exchange for passage to America or some other financial advantage. Few, if any, rights, but people without skills accepted this position in order to
Indentured Servant
Decision of a court.
Legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case, and the "geographic area" and/or "subject matter" over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Refers to an issue that remains unsettled, open to argument or debatable. It especially refers to a legal question which has not been determined by any decision of any court.
Unlawful premeditated killing of a human being by a human being.
Written application to a court requesting a remedy available under law.
The seizure of ship or plane by an armed force without the authority of a sovereign state.
Any physical or virtual entity that is owned by an individual or jointly by a group of individuals.
Payment to a person or group which saves cargo from a shipwreck. Claims may be based on services rendered either voluntarily or pursuant to a contract. The act of rescuing a ship or its crew or its cargo.
Condition of control over a person against their will, enforced by violence or other forms of coercion. Almost always occurs for the purpose of securing the labor of the person concerned.
Binding agreement under international law, entered by parties who are subject to international law, mainly states and international organizations. It is a pact formed between two nations.
A court proceeding during which a judge or jury decides whether a person is guilty or not guilty of the charges against him or her.
A formal written command or order, issued by the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
The dismissal by some court, legislative assembly, or properly authorized officer, of the business before them. May be made in a final or temporary manner.
A diplomat appointed by a government to protect its commercial interests and help its citizens in a foreign country.
The outcome of a trial in which a criminal defendant is found guilty. A defendant in a criminal trial may be ____ by a judge or jury if the prosecutor proves their case beyond a reasonable doubt.
Military court for trying offenses under army, navy or other armed service rules and regulations. Such offenses must not only be committed by a member of the military, but must also be done in the course of military service, either while engaged in a ser
Court Martial
Opportunity for the attorney for one party to ask questions in court of a witness who has testified in a trial on behalf of the opposing party.
Cross Examination
The sentence of execution for murder and some other capital crimes. May be prescribed by congress or any state legislature for murder and other capital crimes.
Death Penalty
The person accused of the crime. In civil matters, its the person or entity that is being sued.
In most litigation under the common law adversarial system the defendant, perhaps with the assistance of counsel, may allege or present defenses in order to avoid liability, civil or criminal.
In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee that a defendant will receive a fair and impartial trial. In civil law, the legal rights of someone who confronts an adverse action threatening liberty or property.
Due Process
An essential right respecting the rule of law. It should include, at a minimum, a competent , neutral, independent judge, an impartial jury, un-intimidated witnesses, the right to counsel and the right to cross examine your accusers.
Fair Trial
That which, under the rules of evidence, cannot be admitted or received by a court as evidence.
For a person to give evidence or statements that admits to committing a crime or to another committing a crime.
Information about the armed forces of another country that is useful in planning and conducting military policy or military operations.
Intelligence (Military)
Evidence not sufficiently related to the matter in issue.
Constitution provides that congress make rules to regulate the military; the president as Commander in Chief of armed forces. Consists of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) and other statutory provisions for the government of persons in the arme
Military Law
Refers to an opposition to something. A legal procedure protesting an inappropriate question asked of a witness by the opposing attorney.
Instructions issued at all levels within the military to provide information, direct action and execute discipline.
Orders (Military)
Defined in criminal law as an official act of forgiving a crime and the penalty associated with it.
Statement made by the defedant either as to his guilt or innocence to the charge made against him.
A person incarcerated in a prison, while on trial or serving a sentence. Any person held against his or her will.
A formal declaration or public announcement giving notice of a governmental act that has been done or is to be done.
Inquiry made by a judge with a view to satisfying himself/herself as to whether or not there is suficient evidence for an accused to be committed to stand trial in a higher court.
Preliminary Inquiry
The representative of the State or Military who pursues the criminal charges in court.
A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state
A British lawyer who gives legal advice and prepares legal documents.
A time period in which a judgment of execution is prohibited from being carried out. It may arise through an agreement between parties or by law.
Stay of Execution
Refers to a government action which is in violation of the authority and rights defined and granted in the government's constitution. Most constitutions set forth the powers of governments, so that the constitution normally applies only to government act
A person who testifies under oath in a trial or a deposition in the lawsuit.

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