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Ed Psych Ch 6 notes


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automatic attention
things that are novel or unexpected
Social Cognitive theory on mental activity
it works along with the environment to affect behavior
long term memory
information is stored through underlying meanings/ semantic codes
you go into the kitchen and you touch the hot stove and get burned. Next time you go into the ktichen you don't touch the stove because you learned it was hot last time. This is an example of...
you are inferring information that was not directly presented to you
.information processing theory
pato means duck. Make a picture when you think of the world. Think of the duck in a pot being cooked. This is an example of...
social cognitive theory
she didn't know how to drive a lcutch, but had a boyfriend that did. And unconsciously she watched him do it so long that after she tried it for a little while she got the hang of it. This is an example of....
long term memory
say it stays forever and it can still be there but you can loose the connection to that information so you forget how to remember it
social cognitive theory
how we learn through observation (modeling)
meaningful learning
take tihngs that areknown and relate the new information to it in an attempt to speed up encoding process
repeating information, maintenance rehersal
factor affecting retrieval cue
information processing theory on mental activity
if you tel them what they need to learn and give them all the resources they need, then their brain can just do it like a little hard drive
superimposed meaningful structure
body of imformation that can be learned by superimposing meaningful visual or verbal organization (HOME for great lakes)
sensory register
capacity is enourmous becuase there are a million things coming in at all times, but we choose what to pay attention to
automatic attention
meaningful learning
connecting new information to prior knowledge
sensory register
you have a million things coming at you at all times and you can only focus on so much because of the limited space in your working memory
how we learn to act and react to our environment
cognitive psychology
information processing theory is also known as
three learning theories
behaviorism, social cognitive theory, information processing theory
automatic attention
physical changes
working memory
you have up to 20 seconds or it is lost
factor affecting retrieval cue
multiple connections
sensory register
like a sponge soaking up everything all at once
behaviorism view of environment
they feel like all learning happens because of things our environment imposes on us. We are just here dealing and learning how to deal with it.
making connections with various pieces of information
five ways to encode declarative knowledge
rehearsal, meaningful learning, organization, elaboration, visual imagery
behaviorism view of mental activity
We are just reacting to things. It is inconsequential and you don't have control over what you react to in the environment because it is going to happen anyway.
working memory
where the information processing comes in
working memory
perform maintenance rehearsal to make information stay here
needed to be able to move things from sensory register to working memory
sensory register
the visual lasts about 1 second without focus and the auditory about 2 to 3 without focus
when students have little or no prior knowledge to what we're trying to teach
two types of short term memory
sensory register and working
verbal mediation
word or phrase that creates a logical connection between two pieces of information
social cognitive theory view of environment
the environment is important because your surroundings can affect your behavior
three reasons for inability to retrieve
retrieval failure, interferences, decay
automatic attention
learning theory that bridges the other two
social cognitive theory
all learning theories
you have made a permanent change, relative permanence, and role of experience
three types of mnemonics
verbal mediation, keyword method, and superimposed meaningful structure
information processing theory
explains how the brain takes in information -> manipulates information ->stores information -> retrieves information
thoughts, ideas about concepts. written and spoken knowledge on a subject
working memory
you can encode into your long term memory from here
procedures people learn. often involve both a physical and a mental activity
factor affecting retrieval cue
learning beyond mastery
automatic attention
things that are physically different
sensory register
things can only stay here for 2 to 3 seconds unless you chose to pay attention to it
information processing theory view of environment
the environment doesn't matter because it is all mental activity
working memory
can hold averagely up to 7 things plus or minus 2
automatic attention
things that are repeated
knowing how we learn and remember and knowing what works for us
long term memory
holds all of our memories and everything we have truly learned
automatic attention
personal relavance
cognitive psychology
built on the ideas of constructivism
factor affecting retrieval cue
retrieval cues
working memory
holds our thoughts, attempts to solve problems, and holds your thinking
write a story and ask questions like why do you think this happens and how can we use this information in our world today
keyword method
aids memory by makign connection between two things (pato = duck)
information processing theory
how we put content into our long term memory
long term memory
is huge and they don't even know how much it can really hold
meaningful learning
use sports to relate it to physics and car payments to compound interest
learning the math times tables by doing them over and over
when learning you connect things to an existing schema such as when someone thinks about charlie brown -> cartoon ->dog -> blankets-> football-> halloween->christmas
factor affecting retrieval cue
frequent use of knowledge
selective attention
actively choose to pay attention to something

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