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SED 379 test 1


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When did assistive technology come into existence?
What is a bus network?
each has its own address on the network, they can share peripherals like printers, and is used by many larger organizations.
Define and give an example of system software (operating systems).
software that has a series of housekeeping" programs which allow the computer to carry out an array of varying tasks. Ex: OS 9, OS X, Windows 95, NT, etc
What is GUI?
Graphical User Interface- it is the part of the OS that allows the user to use pull-down menu, scroll, icons, buton.
What is a star network?
has a hub in the center with the main computer and other terminals are connected to the hub allowing all computers to share a single copy of software. (relatively cheap)
Name 7 different types of application software and an example of each.
1. Word Processing (Word Perfect, AppleWorks)
2. Desktop Publishing (Print Shop, PageMaker)
3. Graphics packages (Photoshop, Illustrator)
4. Database Program (FileMaker Pro -store lots of info and are able to manipulate it in different ways)
5. Spreadsheet Programs (Excel, Lotus 123 - organizing data in a linear format for calculations or graphs)
6. Communications Software (Explorer, Netscape - networking software)
7. Multi Media Development Tools (Power Point, Intellipics, Studio - graphics, sound, print)
Nmae 4 types of technology other than computers.
1. Medical
2. Technology Productivity Tools - allows people to work faster, microwave, xerox, fax, dido.
3. Information Technology - used to access information, phone, answering machine, fax.
4. Assistive Technology
What does the toolbar do?
it is where the user makes choices by entering a command from the keyboard or by using the mouse to select from a pull-down menu
When did assistive technology come into the field of special educaiton?
What are the 5 hardware parts of a computer?
CPU (central processing unit)
ROM/RAM (memory)
Input (keyboard, mouse, lightpen, touch window)
Output (monitor, printer)
Storage (hard drive, diskette, Zip, CD-ROM)
When did assistive technology come into the field of special education?
Give examples of OS.
DOS, windows, Unix, Linix Mac OS 9, X
Name 3 categories of software.
1. system software
2. application software
3. educational software
What are Lindsey's Technology Learning Stages?
1. Acquisition - learn new skills.
2. Fluency (or Proficiency) - make it faster and better, reinforcement program.
3. Maintenance - uses it routinely over time and is consistant.
4. Application - uses skills learned in one tool and applies skills to an unfamiliar tool, doing the same actions.
What are the 4 components of a technology plan?
1. Form the planning committee.
2. Review the school district's mission and goals.
3. Assess current status and anticipated needs.
4. Analyze results
What is software?
it's what brings the computer to life, defines instruction for how the user and the computer interact, is stored on hard drives, disks, CD-ROMs, or DVD-ROMs.
What is technology?
A technical method of achieving a practical purpose (not always a thing or materials).
Name the 3 types of networks.
Star Network
Ring Network
Bus Network
Define assistive technology.
Any tool that is REQUIRED by a student to access and participate in the general education curriculum in the LRE to the maximum extent appropriate.
What does the CPU contain?
Memory, Input/Output, ALU (Algorythmic Logic Unit)
Name 8 types of educational software and an example of each.
Ed. software provides instruction, expansion, supplementation, and/or remediation of the curriculum (7 of the 8)
1. Tutorial - (Word Wizard)
2. Drill & Practice - supplements, remediates (
3. Educational Games - expand and supplement (, reader rabbit, math blaster)
4. Test - supplement, remediate, expand (typing test, personality test, love test)
5. Simulation - introduce, expand, supplement (Sim City, Dollars and Cents, Lemonade Stand Hotdog Stand)
6. Demonstration/Information - expand, remediate (ERIC, interactive dictionaries)
7. Student Utilities - ? (Kid Pix, Kid Desk, on-line calendars)
8. Teacher Utilities - none (,, gradekeeper)
What is a ring network?
allows multi-unit computing and direct computer to computer communication.

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