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xDachille: Southeast Asia economics (agriculture & industry); education

Terms

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Cash Crops
Crops produced primarily for market, not for subsistence.
Commercial Farming
European plantation system uses cheap labor.

Cash crops: tea, hemp, rubber, pepper, tobacco, cocoa.
Green Revolution
Uses science/tech to ↑ output.

Requires dependable water supply, fertilizer, insecticides, pesticides.
Intn’l Rice Research Institute (1962) & IR-8
Developed new type of rice with shorter growth cycle.

Yields 3 crops per year.
Doubles harvest.
Shifting Agriculture
Slash&Burn method is wasteful.

Practiced by hill people.
Soil loses fertility.
Erosion.
Subsistence Farming
Just enough to survive, typically little surplus.

Average farmer rarely travels.
Live in small villages.
Self-sufficient.
Cottage Industry
Small industry where labor is often family using own equip.
Four Dragons/Tigers
High growth rates between 1960s-1990s. Depends on export. Asian econ. Crisis contributed to decline.

Taiwan, Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea.
Little Dragons/Tigers
Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia
NICs
Newly Industrialized Countries experienced explosive econ growth.

Fueled by Japanese investors and industries seaking cheap labor & land.
Rapid Industrialization
Problems: Huge movement of people from rural to cities.
Pollution.
Brain Drain
Many students do not return from foreign universities.
Colonial Education
Limited Western-style education
Modern Education
Universal edu mandated by law.
High dropout rate due to: poverty; health; distance; lack of enforcement.

Literacy↑; Attendance↑
Traditional Education
Varied forms: practical skills; Religious (Buddhist schools in Burma & Thailand).

Most people illiterate.

Deck Info

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