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Chronic Illness NC3

Terms

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duration
last for extended period, 6 months or longer
incidence
common in older adults but impacts all ages
predictability
one chronic condition impacts 85% of persons 65 yo of age and older. The most common are visual impairment, diabetes, heart disease, deafness and hearing impairment, arthritis, Alzheimer's osteoporosis, hip fractures, urinary incontinence, stroke, parkinson's disease and depression
shape
multiple health problems with protracted, unpredictable course. Mgmt during the acute phase is usually in the hospital, other phases are usually managed at home
acute
sudden, dynamic onset with s/s related to the disease process itself. Resolves shortly with complete recovery or results in death
chronic
generally not fatal. SE include social isolation and fatigue. frequent remissions and exacerbations
stigma
people who may be looked down upon because of prejudice, discrimination and lack of status/power or who have illnesses that are feared or misunderstood(HIV,AIDS, and mental illness)
denial
refusal to accept reality of threatening situations
anger
follows denial. Feelings of powerlessness due to lack of control over situation
depression
loss of ability can no longer be delayed and accepts it
regression
return to previous developmental level as a coping response
dissociation
client removes/separates themselves from chronic illness or disability and believes it is not happening
overcompensation
caregiver protects the client from opportunities in which he may be capable of taking part
learned helplessness
person allows/expects more to be done for him that is necessary based on his abilities
emotional balance
achieved by grieving for the loss of health, and moving forward to strive for the best quality of life possible
normalization
incorporation of chronic illness/disability into daily life/lifestyle
Americans with disabilities Act
1990 prohibits discriminationin employment, public services and public accommodations

Deck Info

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