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Ap Gov. Vocab 7

Chapter ten and chapter eight


undefined, object
copy deck
a state level method of direct language that gives voters a chance to approve or disapprove legislation or a constitutional amendment proposed by state legislature
motor vehicle act
allows people to register to vote at the same time they are applying for a driver's license
responsible party model
the view that candidates should give voters clear choices and allow them to be in charge.
A group of individuals with a common interest upon which every political party depends
new deal coalition
a coalition forged by democrats who dominated american politics from the 30's to the 60's.
one of the key inducements used by political machines.
national chairperson
one of the institutions that keeps the party operating between conventions. elected official
rational-choice theory
a popular choice that explains the actions of voters and politicians. individuals act in self interest
third parties
electoral contenders other than the two major parties
party competition
the battle of parties for control of public offices
party dealignment
the gradual disengagement of people and politicians from the parties, as seen in part by shrinking party identification
party realignment
the displacement of the majority party by the minority party, usually during a critical election period
coalition governments
when two or more parties join together to form a majority in a national legislature.
critical election
an electoral earthquake where new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones and and the majority party is often displaced by a minority party
ticket splitting
voting with one party for one office and another party for another
policy voting
electoral choices that are made on the basis of the voter's policy preferences and where the candidates stand on those issues
winner-take-all system
electoral seats are awarded to the candidates who came first in their constituancies
party image
the voters' perception of what the republicans or democrats stand for
proportional representation
an electoral system that awards legislative seats to political parties in proportion to the number of votes won in an election
national committee
one of the institutions that keep the party operating between conventions. reps from all states and territories.
blanket primaries
elections to select party nominees where voters are presented with a list of candidates from all parties
party eras
historical periods of time in which a majority or voters cling to the party in power
retrospective voting
a theory in which voters ask, "what have you done for me lately?"
electoral college
a unique american institution that provides the selection of the president
voter registration
a system that requires voters to register in advance of election day
party neutrality
a term used to describe the fact that many americans are indifferent toward the two major political parties
a characterization of elections saying that the process is universally accepted as fair
party machine
A type of political party organization that relies on material inducements to win votes
political efficacy
the belief that a person's political participation really matters
civic duty
the belief that in order to support democratic governments, citizens should vote
party identification
a citizen's self-proclaimed preference for one party or another
political party
a group of people trying to gain control of government by gaining office
national convention
the meeting of party delegates every four years to chose a presidential ticket and write the platform
the legal right to vote
mandate theory of elections
the idea that the winning candidate has a mandate to carry out campaign promises

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