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Gerontology Chapter 3


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Not human reason, but unconscious factors that affect our behavior.

(Early life/past experiences, negative)
1856-1939 Freud
addressed the potential of the unconscious to contribute (positively) to psychological growth. Attention to the future development of personality development.
1875-1861 Jung
8 Stages of Human Development:
#8 - Ego vs. Despair - late adulthood. Reflection on your life; e.g., "did I do anything meaningful?" Not fearing death.
The first 7 stages are a preparation for the 8th and final stage of life. Life rev
1902-1994 Ericson
Life structure- dealt with relationships. He found that mena nd women go through much of the same things at the same ages, although there is a difference in how each gender handles them.
1923-1994 Levinson
Ask the questions; "who am I?" Women more than men worry about aging (our culture honors youth and beauty).
Young adults 18-35
Mid life Crisis? (need coping skills) Prime of life or crisis time? Includes dealing with agin parents, empy-nest syndrome and for women menopause.
middle age 35-60
scientists are just NOW looking at late life. Why? People are living longer! Late life is defined by losses. Physical and mental decline are NOT normal aging! All older adults are NOT alike anymore than you and I are alike.
Late life 60 and older
depends a lot on how you treat your body and mind when you are young. Family history plays a part of it as does your ability to be flexible and adjust to aging.
well being
who we are, is a result or culmination of how we learned to cope thru childhood. A person's adaptation to old age can be predicted from his or her adaptation to young adulthood and middle age.
continuity theory
personality remain consistent throughout our life. our traits most likely won't change after age 30
personality theory

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