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History 36A Final


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Elegiac poet. War songs. Wrote in iambic and trochaic meters.
Greek concept of hospitality, or generosity and courtesy shown to those who are far from home. It is often translated as "guest-friendship" because the rituals of hospitality created and expressed a reciprocal relationship between guest and host. Paris betrayed this with Menelaus because he took Helen.
Also known as the city-state. Made up of main city and surrounding area. Defined political organization (Boule/Council of Elders and Assembly). Characteristic political and social unit in Greece from the Archaic period till the Roman period.
Vengeful wrath. Shown by Achilles, theme of Iliad.
Main soldiers in ancient Greece. They were spearsmen and fought in a phalanx formation. Thrived on cohesion and depended on man next to him. Used a shield to defend him and man to left.
Son of Hector and Andromache.
Son of King Priam and brother of Paris. Best trojan warrior who bares some of the same flaws. Kills Patroclus.
Gift of honor.
A war prize of Achilles. When Agamemnon is forced to return Chryseis to her father, he appropriates this woman as compensation, sparking Achilles' great rage.
A powerful Trojan warrior who nearly fights a duel with Diomedes. The men's exchange of armor after they realize that their families are friends illustrates the value that ancients placed on kinship and camaraderie.
Was part of the polis' government. Gathering of all male citizens to vote on certain topics.
Hector's loving wife, Andromache begs Hector to withdraw from the war and save himself before the Achaeans kill him.
King of Mycenae and brother of Menelaus. Very arrogant and stubborn. Agammenon tried to take Achilles' prize, Briseis, dishonoring him and causing him to abandon the Achaeans.
Greek for "mother city". How Greek colonies referred to their original cities.
The process of political unification that resulted in a city-state. Bringing together the villages and town in a specific region under the control of a main city. Ex: Athens
Brother of Hesiod who is awarded the larger share of the inheritance. Works and Days is directed toward him and his laziness.
Honor or glory. Personal timē can conflict with the timē of one's community (such as Achilles).
Greek poet who wrote Works and Days and Theogony. Wrote Works and Days to complain about his brother, Perses and his laziness, as well as to preach on how to live a proper life. Also describes the five ages, how to farm, and how things are today.
Five Ages
The five ages described in Hesiod's Works and Days. Golden, Silver, Bronze, Age of Heroes, Iron.
King of Troy and father of Paris and Hector. Too old to fight but respected for his wise rule.
Mother of Strife. Greek for folley, ruin or delusion.
One of the main Achaeans in the Iliad. He was a valiant fighter and displayed all the traditional heroic values. Apollo warned him not to fight immortals. He wounded Aphrodite and Ares.
Greek for "all-gift". Was the first mortal woman and given to Epimethius by Zeus because Promethius deceived him and hid fire from him. She brought her jar of miseries and evil upon man.
Spartan elegaic poet. Often wrote war songs to encourage troops to battle. Listed all things brave or noble men valued.
Priest of Apollo and father of Chryseis, who was taken by Agammemnon as a war prize. Prays to Apollo when Chryseis is not returned.
This individual was chosen to lead the settlement of a new colony for a polis. If successful, the new city would take his name. Was chosen by the metropolis.
Along with Nestor, Odysseus is one of the Achaeans' two best public speakers. He helps mediate between Agamemnon and Achilles during their quarrel and often prevents them from making rash decisions.
The council of elders in the Polis/City-State.
During the 6th and 7th centuries, many city states such as Athens were ruled by a tyrant. They rewarded supporters with positions in office and spuported public works. Sponsored public games and festivals that celebrated gods associated with the polis rather than aristocrats. Often conducted their rule within the laws of the polis.
Phoenix helped raise Achilles when he was a young man. Achilles loves and trusts him and Phoenix attemped to mediate between Achilles and Agammemnon.
Chief magistrates of Greek city states.
King of Sparta, Brother of King Agammemnon. Husband of Helen, who was taken by Paris when he went against xenia. This sparked the Trojan war.

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