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Chapter 21

Terms

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Lusitania
a British luxury liner that was torpedoed on May 7th, 1915 off the coast of Ireland by a German submarine U-20
Selective Service Act
required all men between the ages of 21 and 31 to register for military service
Arabic Pledge
September 1, 1915, Germany promised not to sink unarmed liners
Food Administration
Rationed food, fuel, fertilizer, and farm machinery
Henry Ford
automobile manufacturer that sent peace ship to Scandinavia in the hope of ending the war by Christmas
Espionage Act
Gave the President powers of censorship. It enacted heavy penalties against anyone who handed out information about any place connected with national defense
Walter Hines Page
pro-British ambassador to London that was convinced that the allies must win to save Europe and the world from German domination
Warren G. Harding
Senator of Ohio, Republican candidate for president. He opposed the League of Nations. He said vaguely that he favored some sort of "assocation of nations"
Robert Lansing
Replaced Bryan as Secretary of State.
Shell shock
a psychiatric disorder caused by warfare
William E. Borah
Idaho's senator. Republican. Wanted to stay independent. Believed that the US should not be dependent on other countries
Fourteen Points
Wilsons basis for peace and the hopeful establishment of a better post-war world at the conclusion of "the culminating and final war for human liberty"
Vittorio Orlando
allied leader from Italy that wanted to get land for Italy that he thought it deserved
Henry Cabot Lodge
Senator of Massachusetts. Chairman of the senate committee on Foreign relations during World War I. He distrusted Wilson, and so he feared Wilson's League
William S. Sims
Insisted that all ships headed across the Atlantic should travel in convoys
Charles Evans Hughes
Governor of New York who had sponsored far-reaching labor and welfare laws. Lost the presidential eleciton of 1916
Reparations
Compensation demanded of a defeated nation for damages caused during a war
Sussex Pledge
May 31, 1916, Germany agreed to abide by the rules of visit and search
William Jennings Bryan
The Great Commoner, he championed the common people. Prairie avenger, boy orator of the Platte. Free silver would cure the nation
John J. Pershing
led an army of 500,000 against the Germans on the Southern front
Zimmermann Note
Arthur Zimmermann asked Mexico to join the German side. In return Germany promised to help the Mexicans recapture Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico
Sedition Act
Imposed penalties on anyone who used disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about the US
William McAdoo
Secretary of the Treasury that became director-general for the railroads
Committee on Public Information
Convinced and reassured Americans that the war was a crusade for freedomm and Democracy. Responsible for selling the war
Big Four
The leaders of the worlds most powerful nations that attended the Paris Peace Conference and drafted the Treaty that ended the war. Woodrow Wilson, David Lloyd George, Vittorio Orlando, and Georges Clemenceau
Edward House
Wilsons advisor that was sent to Europe to try to arrange peace. He helped develop the League of Nations
Bernard M. Baruch
wall street financier that was the economic dictator of the country
Overman Act
A Bill by Wilson that gave him wide powers to reorganize the government and expand funds
George Creel
the journalist that was appointed chairman, and assigned to sell the war to America. Creel Committee(Committee on Public Information)
David Lloyd George
Prime minister of Great Britian that wanted Germany to pay reparations for damages caused in the war
Georges Clemenceau
The allied leader from France that wanted Germany to pay reparations for damages caused in the war
Armed Ship Bill
would have authorized the President to arm merchant vessels
War Industries Board
Decided what goods should be produced. It could also set prices for government purchases of supplies. Allocated raw materials and expanded war production.
Triple Alliance/Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria
National War Labor Board
was created to arbitrate labor disputes
Trench Warfare
warfare in which both sides constructed elaborate and heavily armed trenches and dug out systems where soldiers could move through
Conscription
the obligatory enrollment of citizens in the armed forces
Eugene V. Debs
Socialist candidate for President that went to jail for ten years for denouncing the war in 1918. Received one million votes despite being in jail
Trading with the Enemy Act
obliged any newspaper printed here in a foreign language to furnish the postmaster general with English translations of everything published about the war
Herbert Hoover
Ran the Belgian war relief program. Named head of the new Food Administration
Treaty of Versailles
The league of Nations was formed. Each victor got land it had been promised in secret treaties. The German colonies were parceled out among the allies and they were charged with reparations
James M. Cox
Democratic candidate for president, governor of Ohio. He stood up for the League of Nations. He lost the presidential election of 1920
Doughboys
Nickname given to American soldiers when they arrived in Europe during the war
Triple Entente/Allied Powers
1914, pact between France, Britain, and Russia

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