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Us History Exam

This is unit 1 on montgomery bell academy us history exam

Terms

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Thomas Jefferson
Wrote Decleration of independence
Bill of Rights
A statement of fundamental rights and privileges.
Boston Massacre
Redcoats killed 5 taunters
Mason Dixon Line
Border between Maryland and Pennsylvania
Charles Cornwallis
British General, commander of the British forces in the American War of Independence
John Cabot
explored newfoundland
Proclamation of Neutrality
we stay neutal in French Revoloution
John Wheelwright
admired by Anne Hutchinson expelled like Thomas Hooker
James Madison
Delegate from Virginia proposed the Virginia plan, 4th President of the United States member of the Continental Congress and rapporteur at the Constitutional Convention in 1776; helped frame the Bill of Rights (1751-1836)
Plymouth Colony
Colony that wouldn't have made it if it hadn't been for Squanto of the Pawtuxet Indians
Virginia Plan
Plan that representation based on the population of a state, proposed by James Madison
Tariff of 1816
A protective tariff designed to help American industries
Marbury vs. Madison
the Supreme Court has the ultimate power of Judicial review as demonstrated by the Constitution. The main questions posed- did marbury have the right, is there a remedy, and is the writ of mandamus a correct remedy. He had the right, there is a remedy, but it wasn't within the jurisdiction of the supreme court to issue the writ of mandamus. It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department [the judicial branch] to say what the law is
Boston Tea Party
some patriots dressed up as indians threw 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor
Samule Champlain
founded quebec
NW Ordinance of 1787
Designated area N of the Ohio RIver as the NW territory and provided for its latter division into states, forbade slavery
Tripoli
Pirate country that demanded a tribute or would take over the ship
George Washington and 1st Cabinet Members
Made out of department heads, created by president.
Lewis and Clark
Two explorers sent by the president to explore the Louisiana Purchase
John Marshall
supreme justice, United States jurist as chief justice of the Supreme Court he established the principles of United States constitutional law (1755-1835)
Funding bill
repay all bonds in full
John Jay
First Chief Justice of Supreme court
slavery
purchasing and owning a person
Quadruple Alliance
Alliance to squelch democracy, alliance between prussia austria russia britian
Jamestown
Founded by London Company, 1st succesful colony in America.
Midnight Appointees
judge appointed to the supreme court by president adams late on the last day of his administration
Implied Powers
not listed
L'Ouverture
Black Napoleon of Haiti
John Calhoun
First vice president during Jackson's presidency, Staunchly pro-slavery vice-president, engineering the Compromise of 1850 and helping further split the nations
Amerigo Vespucci
Figured out that America was a new continent
Chesapeake and Leopard
Leopard stopped to impress, when we said no they fired 3 broad sides at us. Killed three and injured eighteen.
William Penn
Quaker who started Pennsylvania
pocket veto
indirect veto of legislation by refusing to sign it
quorum
majority of members present
Mayflower Compact
Made first self governed colony in America
Talleyrand
French minister of foreign affairs
Separitists
Quakers who became the pilgrims
Enumerated Commodities
listed by Parliment
Monroe Doctrine
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
Orders in Council
British followed the Essex decision in 1806, the new policy that declared broken voyages illegal, with first of several trade regulations known as Orders in Council which established a blockade of part of the continent of Europe. It allowed American vessels to trade with French possessions as long as they carried their cargoes to Britain rather than to a continental port controlled by France.
Adams
XYZ Affair, American Revolutionary leader and patriot, 2nd President of the United States (1735-1826)
John Locke
wrote an essay concerning human understanding and taught natural rights
Toleration Act of 1649
first religious freedom act in America
Impressment
Take people off the ships and force them into the navy
Proclimation of 1763
couldn't settle past appalachins
Lexington and Concord
1st battles in the revoloutinary war
Proprietary colony
owned by one person governor chosen by propreitor everything else by colonist
Erie Canal
an artificial waterway connecting the Hudson river at Albany with Lake Erie at Buffalo
congregational church
minister elected by body of chruch goers
Boycott
Dont buy
Robert de La Salle
became the first Spanish to ttravel the Mississippi river
Sons and Daughters of Liberty
Resistance Groups
Non-intercourse
less severe than embargo act it allowed americans to carry on trade with all nations except Britian and france
Battle of New Orleans
Great Battle, but proved useless because a treaty had already been signed.
Samuel Slater
Brought textile to the americas
Mercantilism
states power based on how rich
North West Passage
passage through america
Economienda System
Rewarded conquistadores with land
Roanoke
Lost Colony
Jonathen Edwards
Americas greatest colonial christian theoligist
Andrew Jackson
7th president of the US successfully defended New Orleans from the British in 1815; expanded the power of the presidency (1767-1845)
Judicial Review
the power for the supreme court to review any law and name it constitutional or unconstitutioinal
George Washington
Commander in Chief of American Army
William Howe
Lost at Fort Ticonderoga
Captain John Smith
Governor of Jamestown, injured in gunpowder blast.
Sir Walter Raleigh
started Roanoke and Virgina
Nullification
States right to declare a law unconstitutional and not follow it.
Adams Onis Treaty
Spain ceded Flordia and Pacific Northwest.
Thomas Gage
British General, British general who controlled Boston following the Boston Tea Party.
Puritan
Belived the Church wasn't Pure
Royal Colony
Ruled by king king chooses governor everyone else elected by colonists
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
first written constitution
common wealth
self governing political unit
Missouri Compromise
Set up Maine and Missouri as respective free and slave states, instituted 36 30 as the line
London Company
owned by Raleigh started Roanoke and Jamestown
The Louisiana Purchase
bought louisiana territory from France for 15 million dollars
Assumption Bill
Pay back all bonds in full, promised to move the nations capital being moved to the south also
Trade and Navigation Acts
Trade Act said that everything exported had to be done so in a British boat and enumerated commodities can only be sent to England
Vasco Nunez de Balbo
found pacific ocean
Philidelphia
city of brotherly love capital of Pennsylvania
American System
a plan presented to Congress by President Madison for making the United States economically self-sufficient establish a protective tariff , establish a national bank, and improve the country's transporation system
Burr Conspiracies
After the duel, Burr fled New York and joined a group of mercenaries in the southern Louisiana territory region. The U.S. arrested them as they moved towards Mexico. Burr claimed that they had intended to attack Mexico, but the U.S. believed that they were actually trying to get Mexican aid to start a secession movement in the territories. Burr was tried for treason, and although Jefferson advocated Burr's punishment, the Supreme Court acquitted Burr.
black belt
good soil near the mississippi
corrupt bargain
clay helped john quincy adams win the presidental election
Roger Williams
expelled for raising embarrising topics like Wheelright and Hooker
Gentry
Upper Class
Alien Act
All imigrants have to register with the federal government
House of Burgesses
First System of self goverment in America
Treaty of Ghent
ended the war of 1812
Sedition Act
Ban on speaking lies or maliciously about the Federal Govenment.
Thomas Hooker
expelled from Puritans like John Wheelwright
Washington's Farewell Adress
last speech waring to stay away from parties and English Affairs
Anne Hutchinson
Puritan who wanted to be minister but religion kept her from
New Netherland
Captured by the Duke of York and became New York
indentured servant
slave for a few years to pay for passage to America
Bacon's Rebellion
A rebellion of indentured slaves
John Quincy Adams
6th U.S. President. 1825-1829. Democratic-Republican
Enumerated Powers
listed
Fort McHenrey
Star Spangled Banner Subject
George Grennville
British minister of Finance
The War Hawks
Young representatives who wanted war with Britan
Excise Tax
a tax payed by the manufacturer
William Bradford
governor of New England
XYZ affair
We came to France and Talleyrand sent 3 ministers who told us to pay a bribe, but we said no.
Whiskey Rebellion
Rebellion over tax on Whiskey, showed the new governments power.
Giovanni de Verrazano
Explored the Atlantic Coast
The Embargo Act
Cut of trade with Britan and France
St. Domingue
Loss of it made the french give up on their conquest of the americas
Trenton
First win for the colonial army, On Christmas night, 1776, Washington led 2,400 men across the Delaware River to attack the drunken Hessians who were sleeping. The Americans killed 30 of the enemy and took 918 captives and 6 Hessian cannons.
Albany Plan
Government plan proposed by Ben Franklin form council that can levy taxes regulate trade and raise army
Great Awakining
religious revival
Townshend Act
Placed tax on glass paper and paint
Clermont
On its first run, it carried passengers from New York City to Albany and back. The 300-mile trip took just 62 hours- a record at the time.
1 penninsularais 2 creoles 3 mestizos 4 slaves
4 classes of Spanish Colony Class System
enlightenment
intrest in science
stamp act
1st direct tax
Executive Department
The federal department in the executive branch of the government of the United States
George Calvert, Lord Baltimore
given 10 million acres and he made Maryland
Treaty of Paris
Ended French and indian war, gave Britan Canada and everything east of Mississippi
James Oglethorp
propreitor of Georgia
Naturialization Act
Changed time you have to live here from 5 years to 14 years
Federalists
Political Party that supported the constitution, and hence, stronger central power.
Patroon
Large land owner
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin
Pittsburgh
The capital of steel
Christopher Coloumbus
Found America
Salutary Neglect
non interferince
Burr
Federalist VP under Madison
spoils system
gives jobs to party loyalists
Intolerable Acts
Closed Boston Port Quartering Act British officials tried in England
Henrey Hudson
discovered Hudson bay
Rush Bagot Treaty
Take all but a few warships from the great lakes
Martin Van Buren
hand chosen successor of Andrew Jackson
Napoleon
Emperor of france from 1802 - 1815.
Quaker
Religious Radical
textile
woven frabic
Charter Colony
self ruling colony elected all officals

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