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History II Midterm Exam


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copy deck
muckraking magazine
the political movemnt that fought against injustices in society
journalists who investigated problems in society
the freedom to negotiate the terms of employment
freedom of contract
a workplace where employees must belong to a union
closed shop
economic system powered by the workers with the goal of evening out wealth
nonunion workplace
open shop
reformer who worked mainly for child labor
Florence Kelley
case that challenged a 10 hour workday law; the law was upheld
Muller vs. Oregon
argued the case of Muller vs. Oregon showing the harm that long hours can do to women
louis brandeis
leader of the AFL
samuel gompers
a union that tried to organize unskilled workers who were working in sewing shops
international ladies' garment workers union
socialist union made of unskilled workers
industrial workers of the world
leader of the IWW
big bill haywood
ban on the manufacture, sale, posession and consumption of alcohol
settlement house worker
lawrence veiller
designed chicago
daniel burnham
a group against alcohol; for prohibition
women's christian temperance union
former ballplayer who spread the idea of prohibition
billy sunday
worked for WCTU
frances willard
barred the sale and manufacture of alcohol
18th Amendment
one of the most influential a.a. leaders
WEB duBois
organization dedicated to ending racial discrimination
helped black people get acquainted to life in the north
National Urban League
group dedicated to advancing american indians
Society of american indians
a process of preparing foreign born residents for full US citizenship
a nominating election in which voters choose candidates who later run in a general election
direct primary
gives voters the right to introduce legislation
citizens can force legislation to put recently passed laws on the ballot and alow voters to approve or veto the measure
allows voters to remove someone from an office
gives voters the right to elect their senators directly
seventeenth amendment
created by La Follette; called for direct primary, increase taxes on railroads and public utilities, labor reform, etc.
Wisconsin Idea
the process by which two opposing sides allow a third party to settle a dispute
running mate of McKinley; saw the presidency differently than prior presidents
theodore roosevelt
effort to balance the interests of business, consumers and labor
square deal
forbade shipping companies from accepting rebates
elkins act
authorized the ICC to set railroad rates
hepburn act
required federal inspection of meat before in was shipped across state lines
meat inspection act
forbade the sale of food and patent medicine that has harmful ingredients
pure food and drug act
the process of making damaged land productive again
strong conservationist and friend of Teddy Roosevelt's
gifford pinchot
created to help protect and supervise national parks and monuments
national park service
republican candidate for president- originally supported by roosevelt
william howard taft
extended ICC powers to telephone and telegraph companies
mann-elkins act
allowed congress to levy taxes based on income
16th amendment
controversial high tariff during taft's presidency
payne-aldrich tariff
approved the sale of a large tract of land
richard ballinger
pinchot was fired by taft for criticizing ballinger's sale of the large plot of land
ballinger-pinchot affair
"main man" of the House of Representatives
joseph cannon
wanted to break the power of Cannon
george norris
reform party that teddy roosevelt used to run for president; bull moose party
progressive party
democratic president who wanted to help small businesses
woodrow wilson
wilson's progressive reform program
new freedom
socialist who ran for president many times
eugene debs
created a 3 tiered banking system
federal reserve act
clarified and extended Sherman Anti-Trust Act
clayton anti-trust act
investigated corporations that were thought to be breaking laws
federal trade commission
reduced the workday for railroad workers
adamson act
outlawed the interstate sale of goods made by child labor; unconstitutional
Keating-Owens Act
leading group in the women's suffrage movement
National American Woman Suffrage Assosciation
granted women full voting rights
19th Amendment
the quest for colonial empires
government bonus payment
regions where a particular country has exclusive rights over mines, railroads, trade
spheres of influence
senator who thought that imperialism was good
henry cabot lodge
naval commander who liked imperialism
alfred thayer mahan
king of hawaii
queen of hawaii
called for an open door policy in china
john hay
all nations have equal access to trade and investments in china
Open door policy
uprising of chinese nationals
boxer rebellion
u.s. representative to japan
matthew perry
cuban rebel and poet
jose marti
spanish general sent to crush the cuban revolt
valeriano weyler
journalism who used yellow journalism to get the U.S. involved in cuba
william randolph hearst
president during spanish american war
william mckinley
ship explosion that caused the us to go to war with spain
uss maine
stated that once cuba gained its independence, america would leave it alone
teller amendment
american general sent to the philipines
filipino rebel who led his army to help the United States take over the philipines
group that teddy roosevelt put together to fight in this war
rough riders
established a governor and two house legislature in the philipines- filipinos could elect lower house
phillipine government act
allowed the filipinos to elect both houses of their government
jones act of 1916
when one country promises to protect another country but reserves the right to intervene
taft's policy of influencing latin american affairs through economic influence
dollar diplomacy
limited cuba's freedom to make treaties with other countries
platt amendment
puerto rico's governor and upper house would be appointed by the United States
foraker act
former chief engineer for the French canal building project who helped the us build the panama canal
philipe bunau-varialla
gave the us complete soverignty over a 10 mile wide canal zone
hay-bunau varilla treaty
us would police affairs in the western hemisphere to keep europeans from intervening in the region
roosevelt corollary
mexican president for many years, used fraud to win many election
porfirio diaz
elected the president of mexico after diaz resigned
restored calm in mexican government after diaz's family revolted against madera; not recognized by us government
led a rebel army during the mexican revolution that demanded land for the indian peasant population
emiliano zapata
glorification of military strength
mexican who entered the us and attacked a village in new mexico
pancho villa
general sent into mexico to look for pancho villa
area between trenches that was filled with land mines
no-mans land
new type of fighting that resulted from the battle of the marne in wwI
trench warfare
heir to the austro-hungarian throne; assasinated in sarajevo
franz ferdinand
assasinated ferdinand and his family
gavrilo princip
during WWI- britain, france, russia
allied powers
during WWI-germany, austria-hungary, ottoman empire, bulgaria
central powers
proved that there would be no quick victory to WWI
first battle of the marne
way of getting american soldiers to the battleground during wwI
convoy system
german promise to not sink liners without warning
sussex pledge
increased the number of soliders in the army and gave money to the military services
national defense act
note sent from germany to mexico; intercepted and said that germany would help mexico regain all territory that they had lost to the US
zimmerman note
congressomwan who opposed the war
jeannette rankin
required that men between 18 and 45 register for the draft
selective service act
led the american expeditionary force
john j pershing
regulated production of food during WWi
food administration
in charge of food administration
government's central war agency
war industries board
ensured that workers were on board with the war(no strikes)
national war labor board
the moving of many african americans northward for economic and social reasons
great migration
propoganda campaign that encouraged support of the war
committee on public information
outlawed acts of treason during wwI
espionage act
made written criticism of the government a crime during wwI
sedition act
group of radical russians that removed russia from WwI
wilson's program for world peace after WWI
fourteen points
international body designed to prevent offensive wars
league of nations
the group at the WWI peace conference- Wilson, George, Orlando, Clemencaus
big four
the peace treaty of WWI
treaty of versailles
senator who led the disapproval of the League of Nations
henry cabot lodge
the transition from wartime to peacetime spending
the first major strike after WWI
seattle general strike
police officers struck for better wages; were not allowed to return to work
Boston Police Strike
strike that weakened public support of labor unions
United Mine Workers Strike
organized the UMW strike; proved to be a successful labor leader
John Lewis
anticommunist hysteria in the US
Red Scare
attorney general arrested thousands of suspected radicals
Palmer Raids
convicted of murdering two people; accused mainly becuase they are immigrants
Sacco and Vanzetti
the combining of two or more companies
women's rights activists
republican pro-business president
warren harding
pushed tariffs to an all time high(during Harding's term)
fordney-mccumber tariff
supported union free open shops
american plan
proposed constitutional amendment that would give men and women the same rights
equal rights amendment
the main scandal of harding's presidency
teapot dome scandal
became president after harding's death
re-established the KKK
William Joseph SImmons
black socialist who created a union for african americans
A. Phillip Randolph
union intended to improve working conditions for black workers at the Pullman company
brotherhood of sleeping car porters
movement that aimed to unite people of african descent worldwide
native of jamaica who supported black nationalism
aimed to create a new political state for african americans in Africa
black nationalism
reduced the quota of allowed immigrants in america to 2%
immigration act of 1924
designed to legalize non-indian claims to pueblo lands
Bursum Bill
based on the idea that every kind of work could be broken down into a series of smaller tasks
scientific management
new production method, used mainly in the making of cars
assembly line
the use of cars for camping and sightseeing
allowed consumers to pay for items over time
installment plan
the idea of making things with the idea that they will eventually go out of style
planned obsolescence
invented the automobile in the US
Henry Ford
first car in the US
Model T
head of GM
Alfred P. Sloan
young women who adopted new styles of the 1920's
enforced prohibition
volstead act
famous bootlegger
al capone
leader of the group who was sent to capture bootleggers
eliot ness
group of detectives sent to capture bootleggers
repealed prohibition
21st amendment
famous baseball player
babe ruth
athlete who went to the olympics
jim thorpe
first pilot to fly nonstop from ny to paris
first woman to fly across the atlantic
famous revivalist
aimee semple mcpherson
protestant movement that teaches traditional christian doctrine and says that the bible should be accepted as whole truth
lawyer who protected scopes during his trial
trial between john scopes, a high school science teacher who taught the theory of darwinism
scopes trial
music that originated in new orleans
blues singer
bessie smith
jazz musician
louis armstrong
african american poet during the 1920's
langston hughes
flourish of african american artistic development
harlem renaissance
author of A Farewell to Arms
ernest hemingway
american writers who wrote about the death and destruction of WWI
lost generation
mexican muralist
diego rivera
stock market with an upward trend
bull market
downward trend
bear market
buying stocks with borrowed money
margin buying
total value of all goods and services produced in one year
gross national product
the ups and downs of business in a free enterprise economy
business cycle
President during the Great Depression
October 24, 1929
black thursday
october 29,1929(the stock market crash)
black tuesday
deep economic downturn in the US
Great Depression
highest tariff in U.S. history, after the Depression hit
Smoot-Hawley Tariff
mexican american aid societies during depression
places where poor men and women could get a little bit of food during depression
collections of makeshift shelters during G.D.
success comes through individual effort and private enterprise
rugged individualism
authorized to lend up to $2 billion to stablize banks, insurance companies, etc. after the depression
reconstruction finance corporation
groups of veterans who protested in demand of early pension payment
bonus army
elected president in 1932
franklin d. roosevelt
every bank in the country closed for the day
bank holiday
fdr's plan to restabilize the economy after stock market crash
new deal
insured every bank deposit up to 5,000
federal deposit insurance corporation
secretary of labor
frances perkins
head of FERA
harry hopkins
gave young men jobs working with the environment
civilian conservation corps
regulated companies that sold stocks and bonds
securities and exchange commission
british economist
john maynard keynes
designed to encourage economic growth by suspending antitrust laws and eliminating unfair competition between employers
national industrial recovery act
paid farmers to reduce their crop output
agricultural adjustment administration
built dams and power stations to control the tennessee river valley area
tennessee valley authority
advised department of interior on ravial matters
robert weaver
world famous aa singer who was not allowed to sing at a daughters of the american revolution event
marian anderson
observed poor living conditions of indians
styaing in the place where you work until your demands are met
sit down strike
wanted government to give 200 dollars a month to people over 60
radio priest who wanted to go back t osilver
created share our wealth
take from the rich and give to the poor
share our wealth
designed to help americans find work
works progress admin.
tried to help people between ages of 16 and 25 by education them
national youth administration
provides retirement pensions, unemployment insurance, etc.
social security act
guaranteed labor's rights to organize unions and bargain collectively for better wages and conditions
wagner-connery act
tried to unite workers in various industries
congress of industrial organizations
severe drought in the Great Plains
Dust Bowl
best known FSA photographer
Dorothea Lange

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