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English midterm

Terms

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Johnathan Edwards
sermon: Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, preacher, orator, theologian
A Noiseless Patient Spider
Walt Whitman, people try to connect the threads of life
stanza
group of lines that are considered a unit in a poem, like a paragraph
personification
applying human characterists to non-human things
mood
atmosphere created by the writer
rhyme scheme
regual pattern of rhyming words in a poem (use letter of alphabet to mark)
meter
rhythmical pattern of a poem number of beats per line (stressed, unstressed)
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Song of Hiawatha, Paul Revere's Ride, Evangeline, 75th birthday celebrated as holiday, both wives died tragically
sermon
an address of a religious nature
paradox
statement that seems contradictory but presents a truth
By the Bivouac's Fitful Flame
Walt Whitman, civil war camp, thoughts of his+soldiers families, life and death
oratory
art of public speaking
allusion
reference to something well known
William Bradford
Plymouth Plantation in 1630 published 1856, church of England was corrupt, governer, fled from Holland
parallel structure
parallelism between two or more similar words
The Soul Selects Her Own Society
Emily Dickinson, her choice of isolation, her only love
The Brain is Wider than the Sky
Emily Dickinson, absorbant, deep, differs from the weight of God,
When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer
Walt Whitman, scientific explanation has taken away wonder of stars, enveloped hearing in nature
Fireside Poets
first group to rival British poets, popular family activity, American legends and life, William Cullen Bryant, Oliver Wendell Holmes, John Greenleaf Whittier, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, abolitionists
simile
comparison of two ideas using like or as
I Hear America Singing
Walt Whitman, America united in joy of work
theme
idea or topic, ex: true love
There's a Certain Slant of Light
Emily Dickinson, light through despair, hopeless
Puritan Plain Style
straightforward, refrences to ordinary everyday objects, belief that poetry should serve God, religious useful ideas
Edith Wharton
Ethan Frome, Roman Fever, House of Mirth (pulizer prize) husband cheated on her, wasn't able to marry the one she loved
alliteration
repetition of consanants
Water, is Taught by Thirst
Emily Dickinson, learning not to take things for granted
repetition
repetition of similar words, phrases, or images for emphasis
scansion
process of analyzing a poem's metrical pattern
Emily Dickinson
isolated, never married, wrote poems in letters or valentines,10 or less poems published in her lifetime, 40 volumes after death, original in content and technique, wrote at night, 1,775 poems
My Life Closed Twice Before its Close
Emily Dickinson, heartbroken, hopeless
A Psalm of Life
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, take joy in life, live while you have the chance, make good decisions
Walt Whitman
friends with Edgar Allen Poe, free verse, careful diction and paralllelism, democracy, equality, "O Captain my Captain" "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" "Leaves of Grass"(kept revising until death)
free verse
poetry with no form (meter, rhyme scheme)
thematic topic
authors message about a theme, ex: True love is forgiving
metaphor
comparison of two ideas without using like or as
Arthur Miller
The Crucible, related it to House Un-American Activities Committee
onomatopoeia
sound imitates the word
slant/eye rhyme
rhyming sounds that are similar but not exact, look like they should rhym
symbol
stands for more than itself
parallelism
repetition of a gramatical structure
oxymoron
figure of speech that combines 2 opposing/contradictory ideas
The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, people will be forgotten when they die
I Heard a Fly Buzz
Emily Dickinson, thinks she will go to Hell because fly (symbol for Satan) disturbed the peace

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