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Judaism & Christainty

Terms

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Nicene Creed
Church leaders get together and write down the basic beliefs of the church
Edict of Milan
Allowed Religious Toleration
Mercenaries
Hired foreign soldiers
Masada
A mountaintop fortress where the Jews held off the Roman soldiers for three years
Heretics
People who disagreed with church's policies but were still Christian.
Synagogue
a Jewish house of worship
Kosher
Jewish dietary laws
Isaac
Son of Abraham and Sarah
Zealots
Group that reovlted the Romans
Pontius Pilate
A Roman prefect who ordered the Jesus to be crucified
Cardinal
A high church official, ranking just below the pope, who has been appointed by a pope to membership in the College of Cardinals
Talmud
The commentary of the law, the rules
Moses
A man who freed the hebrews from being slaves to the Egyptians
Theodosius
Emperor that makes Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire
Saul
1020-922 B.C. King of the Jews at that time. Unites the Jews under his leadership.
Diocletian
Roman Emperor (284 A.D) Tortured Christains
Inflation
Value of money goes down but prices still rise
Paul
Was a jew at first, then had vision of jesus and became devoted to Christianity
Abraham
the founding father of Judaism
Diaspora
The scattering of Jews throughout Europe after the Babylonian captivity
10 Commandments
the 10 rules of moral life
Bread and Circus
Free shows where romans could also receive free food
Deciples/Apostles
One who embraces and assists the teachings of another
Diocese
The district or churches under the jurisdiction of a bishop
Peter
One of the 12 Apostles and the first Pope
martyr
willing to die for the cause
Canaan
An ancient region/land area promised by God to Abraham
Bishop
A high-ranking Christian cleric
Messiah
The promised and expectedd ruler of the Jewish people
Torah
The first five books of the Hebrew Bible
heretic
Somebody who is against the church beliefs
Salvation
The act of saving or protecting from harm, risk, loss, or destruction
Pope
The bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church on Earth
David
Saul's son. Defeated the giant, Galliath. Becomes king after Saul dies, he makes Jerusalem the capital.
Catacombs
Underground tunnels or caves that people practiced Christianity in.
Hagaar
Abraham's second wife, not really married
Shabbat
Hebrew
Rosh Hashana
Jewish New Year
Yishmael
Son of Hagaar and Abraham
Mary and Joseph
The mother and father of Jesus Christ
Sarah
Abraham's wife
Yom Kippur
A day of forgiveness to God from Jews
Covenant
The mutual promise between God and the founder of the Hebrews
Solomon
David's son. He builds the kingdom, and creates a big trading empire. He created the Temple of Solomon. He beautified Jerusalem. He was also a wise philospoher, and very well liked.
Rabbi
A Spirutual leader, guide, or teacher. Officiated all religous ceremonies.
Gospels
The proclomation and redemption preached by Jesus and the Apostles
Jesus Christ
A teacher and prophet whose life and teachings form the basis of Christianity. Christians believe Jesus to be their "Messiah" (Savior)
monotheism
belief in one god
Constantine
He moves the capital to the East, follows Diocletians reforms. He has a vision of Jesus and orders the Edict of Milan.
Passover
A Jewish holiday that celebrates the Jews freedom from the Egyptians

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