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Monotheism

Terms

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Prophets
Muhammad seen as last of these
Talmud
Jewish collection of interpretations from 6th century CE
Shiite
Branch of Islam with majority in Iran and Iraq- when Muhammad died, they believed the leader should be a descendant of Muhammad
Moses
Received the Ten Commandments, led Jews out of Egypt
Sukkot
Jewish Harvest celebration
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
marks the spot of Jesus' empty tomb
Night Journey
Muhammad was carried from Mekkah to Jerusalem in one night, where he made the Mi'raj or ascent through heavens of God. He roda a Buraq (horse with woman's head) at Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Location of Jewish temple
Diaspora
Jews scattered outside homeland of Israel
New Testament
Christians contributed to the Bible
Covenant
God established one with abraham
Hanukkah
Jewish Festival of Lights
Crucifixion
Cruelest Roman execution method
Mount Mira
where Gabriel told Muhammad to recite the message from God
Eid al Fitr
festival of breaking the fat
Last supper
"This is my body...This is my blood."
Jerusalem
David made it capital of Israel
1948
Modern Israel created
Gabriel
told Muhammad to Recite!
Indonesia
Largest worldwide Muslim population
Sacrament
Baptism, confirmation, communion...
Hajj
5th pillar- Pilgrimage to Mecca
Martin Luther
started Protestant tradition in 16th Century Germany
Sunni
Branch of Islam with majority in most of the world- when Muhammad died, they believed that anyone related to him though marriage could be the heir
Easter
Most significant Christian holiday
Trinity
God has Father, Son, Holy Spirit- St. Patrick and the shamrock Father: creator, Son: redeemer, Holy Spirit: Sustainer
Monotheism
Islam, Christianity, Judaism- one God
Day of Judgment
God judges Muslims
Isaac
God asked Abraham to sacrifice him, but stopped at last minute
Sawn
3rd Pillar, Fasting during the month of Ramadan
Mecca
Muhammad birthplace
Abraham
Father of Ishmael and Isaac
Rosh Hashana
Jewish New Year
Pontius Pilate
Put Jesus on trial
Icons
2-D paintings in orthodox churches
Good Friday
just before Easter, commemorates crucifixion
Orthodox
Most traditional branch of Judaism
Zakat
4th Pillar, almsgiving, or charity. give up to 2.5% of wealth to the poor
Kaaba
Ancient rectangular structure in Mecca, During Hajj, seven counter-clockwise circuits are made around it
Jacob
son of Isaac, name changed to Israel
Wailing Wall
What is left of the Jewish Temple
Pope
Bishop of Rome
John the Baptist
Baptized Jesus, a traveling teacher and healer to him
Five pillars
Prayer, almsgiving, pilgrimage, etc..
Paul
an apostle who spread the gospel (good news) about Jesus
Dome of the Rock
Muslim shrine in Jerusalem
Exile
Chaldeans destroyed Temple and sent Jewish leaders into ________
Circumcision
Abraham's sign of the covenant
JIhad
Holy War, or Divine struggle against evil in oneself (Muslims)
Messiah
Jesus' first followers believed that he was this
Jewish Scriptures
Includes Torah and writing of the Prophets
Kingdom of God
the Kingdom that Jesus and John the Baptist kept saying would come
Conservative Jews
strong belief in tradition, but not all "old ways"
Ramadan
Muslim Holy month when the Koran is celebrated
Reform Jews
modernist, emphasis on spirit of Jerusalem, less concerned about traditional observances
David
Fought the Philistine Goliath (Judaism)
Zionism
a lot of attention after Holocaust, Jewish nationalism
Kosher
Jewish dietary laws
five
Number of times Muslims pray in one day
Parables
Type of short stories used by Jesus
Medina
Muhammad fled to Medina in the Hegira (622 CE, year one in Muslim Calendar)
Allah
God of Islam
Koran
Muslim holy book
Passover
Holiday associated with the exodus
Palm Sunday
Commemorates Jesus' entry into Jerusalem
Resurrection
Jesus' rise from the dead- Easter
Sabbath
Seventh Day, Jews must rest
Shahada
Ist Muslim Pillar- Public Proclamation of Faith
Exodus
Jews fled Egypt- Passover
Yom Kippur
Day of Atonement for Jews
Bethlehem
Traditional birthplace of Jesus
Muhammad
Seal of the Prophets (Islam)
Shari'a
Living commentary of the Koran and how it should be applied- the one law
Solomon
Jewish King who built Temple at Jerusalem
People of the Book
When Muhammad returns to Mecca, he lets Jews and Christians practice religion because they are also Monotheistic
Advent
Four Sundays before Christmas it begins- a new candle is lit each week in anticipation for the birth of Jesus
Ash Wednesday
beginning of lent
Hajj
Yearly pilgrimage to Mecca
Salat
2nd Pillar, Prayer

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