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Social Studies Facts 1-3


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A group of people who care for one another
What games are modeled after the games of ancient Greece.
Olympic games
A drawing that shows what places look like from above and where they are located
A picture or thing that stands for something else
The directions of north, east, south, west
Cardinal directions
He was the first President of the United States. He is known as the "Father of Our Country."
George Washington
Goods made by people and used to produce other goods and services: hammers, computers, trucks, lawn mowers, factory buildings
Capital resources
A symbol that shows direction (north, east, south, and west) on a map
Compass rose
Focusing on one product or service is called_____.
Economic specialization
The purpose of government is to_____.
make laws, carry out laws, and decide if laws have been broken.
What was the written language used by the ancient Egyptians?
Where would you find the Parthenon (columns)?
Half of a sphere (globe) created by the prime meridian or the equator
The next best choice that is given up when a decision is made is called____.
Opportunity cost
He sailed for Spain and was the first European to discover a sea route to America. He discovered the "New World."
Christopher Columbus
The act of giving or doing something.
A government in which people vote to make their own rules and laws.
Direct democracy
In present day, families wear store-bought clothes, play electronic games, and eat microwave food. Long ago families _____.
wore handmade clothes, played homemade games, and ate food from the family vegetable gardens.
The kind of weather an area has over a long period of time
People working to produce goods and services: farmers, miners, builders, painters, teachers
Human resources
He sailed for Spain and was the first European to land in Florida (near St. Augustine). He gave Spain claim to Florida.
Juan Ponce de Leon
Coins, paper bills, and checks used in exchange for goods and services.
Land and bodies of water
Physical surroundings
A day on which something or someone is honored or remembered.
Both Greece and Rome farmed on hillsides. Trading took place on the ______.
Mediterranean Sea
He sailed for England. He arrived at present day Jamestown.
Christopher Newport
The Southwest Indians were farmers and lived in multi-story terraced buildings. A Southwest tribe would be the______.
This is the holiday to remember when America became a new country It is sometimes call America's birthday. It is ovserved in July.
Independence Day (Fouth of July)
This is a day to remember all United States Presidents, especially George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. It is observed in February.
Presidents' Day
He sailed for France and and explored the St. Lawrence River Valley (near Quebec, Canada). He gave France a North American claim.
Jacques Cartier
What was the written language used by the Ancient Chinese?
Characters, symbols
The name or kind of map
He became a United States President. He was known as "Honest Abe."
Abraham Lincoln
He proved that electricity was present in lightning through his kite experiment.
Benjamin Franklin
Greece and Rome were located on land near the ____.
Mediterranean Sea
A round model of the Earth
Where people live
In present day children go to school in large buildings with many rooms. Long ago most children went to school in_____.
small one-room buildings
The exchange of goods and services without the use of money.
An imaginary line that divides the globe into the eastern and western hemispheres.
Prime meridian
Not being able to meet all wants at the same time
Equality under the law means that______.
All people are treated fairly.
A person who uses resources to make goods and/or provide services
The Greeks and Romans traded their goods with Egypt and other nearby communities. This is an example of_____.
Where would you find the Colosseum and aqueducts (arches)?
Activities that satisfy people's needs and wants
Two or more people depending on each other for goods and services is called____.
Economic interdependence
An imaginary line around the middle of the earth that divides the globe into the northern and southern hemispheres
Rules people live by are called_____.
Economic specialization occurs when_____.
people focus on the production of selected kinds of goods and services.
Things people make or use to satisfy needs and wants
What are used to create the four hemispheres?
The equator and the prime meridian
Places that have common characteristics.
He was an African American who studied science and plants. He developed hundred of uses for peanuts, sweet potatoes, and soybeans.
George Washington Carver
People have to make economic choices because_____
resources and goods and services are limited.
A person who uses goods and services
A place where people live, work, and play
In present day people ride in cars, airplanes, trains, and space shuttles. Long ago people______.
walked, rode horses, or rode in wagons
A group of people who make rules and laws, carry out rules and laws, and decide if rules and laws have been broken.
She led the struggle to give women equal rights, including the right to vote.
Susan B. Anthony
Ancient Greece and Rome both focused on building ships, farming, and making pottery. This is an example of_____.
Privileges that people are born with and that cannot be taken away are_____
Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Any one of the four phases of the year (spring, summer, fall, or winter)
A government in which people vote for (elect) a smaller group of citizens to make their rules and laws for everyone.
Representative democracy
Today, communities are larger than in the past with more people. Long ago communities were____.
smaller than today with fewer people
A custom or belief that happens over a long period of time
What ancient country had a Republican (representative) form of government (a representative democracy)?
The people of Ancient Rome were_______.
Farmers, road builders, and traders
This is a day to remember Christopher Columbus, who was given credit for discovering America. It is observed in October.
Columbus Day
This is a day for the recognition of and respect for Americans who served in the military. It is observed in November.
Veteran"s Day
What ancient country is known as the birthplace of democracy (government by the people)? It had a direct democracy.
Money that is put away to keep or to spend later
The Eastern Woodlands Indians were fishermen, hunters, and farmers. They used canoes. One tribe lived in what is now Virginia. What is the tribe?
The Plains Indians were hunters, horsemen, and warriors. They lived in teepees (tipis). One example of the Plains Indians is the _____.
She is an African American woman who refused to give up her seat on a public bus as was required by law many years ago. She helped to bring about changes in laws and worked so that all people would have equal rights.
Rosa Parks
This is a day for the recognition of and respect for Americans who died in wars while they were serving their country. It is observed in May.
Memorial Day
The choice of or decision among alternatives or possibilities is called____.
Economic choice
A list of shapes and symbols used on a map and an explanation of what each stands for
Map legend
Ancient is____
Long, long ago
Minerals that come from nature: water, soil, wood, coal
Natural resources
Something that happens to make things different
He was an African American minister who worked so that all people would be treated fairly. He led peaceful marches and gave speeches.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
The people of Ancient Greece were _______.
Farmers, shipbuilders, and traders
Jackie Robinson
First African American to play professional baseball. He opened professional sports to African Americans.

Spoke out for civil rights with Thurgood Marshall and Martin Luther King, Jr.
Hellen Keller
Learned to read, write, and communicate even though she was blind
and deaf

Worked for women's rights and child labor laws

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