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Jazz History


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Name two musical elements from Africa.
African drum dances (syncopation), polyrhythmic, single-line melodies
Name one way jazz was spread before 1900.
Blacks suffered from segregation so they worked playing music in bars, clubs, and brothels. Played as touring musicians in vaudeville shows.
Who was known as the \"first jazzer?\"
Buddy Bolden
Who made the first jazz recording?
The Original Dixieland Jass Band
Who was the first trumpeter to use horn mutes?
King Oliver
Name two musicians who were a \"dynamic duo\" in 20s big band?
Jimmy Blanton and Ben Webster
What was the first musician to put jazz on paper?
Jelly Roll Morton
Who was known as the "greatest composer of all time?"
peanuts hucko
Name the bassist who redefined the jazz bass?
Jimmy Blanton
What event marked the end of the swing era?
what! swing never ended! it rules!
Name two clarinetists who had a rivalry in the swing era.
Bennie Goodman and Artie Shaw
What venue in New York was the birthplace of bop?
52nd Street, \"Swing Street\" Cotton Club
Why was bop not considered commercially viable?
It was too fast, you couldn\'t dance to it.
Name the fathers of bop.
Coleman Hawkins, Lester Young, Roy Eldridge, Art Tatum, Charlie Christian
Name two characteristics of cool jazz.
Lyrical melody, small band, more romantic, airy
Name the album that helped give birth to the cool movement.
The Birth of the Cool (comment) lol
Name two prominent musicians of the cool era
Miles Davis, Lenny Tristano, Dave Brubeck, Chet Baker
Name the members of the best rhythm section in hard bop.
Red Garland, Paul Chambers, Philly Joe Jones
What record label is most associated with the hard bop movement?
Blue Note Records
Name the primary characteristic of modal jazz.
The music flows horizontally rather than vertically- it\'s stagnant.
Which album is still considered one of the best selling of all time?
Kind of Blue
Name the historical movement most associated with the free jazz movement.
The Civil Rights Movement
Name two leading figures of the free jazz movement.
Ornette Coleman, Cecil Taylor
Name three prominent fusion groups.
The Mahavishnu Orchestra, Herbie Hancock\'s Headhunters, Weather Report

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