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European History Chapter 4, Section 3


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First Stuart monarch; ruled by "divine right"; had disputes with dissenters in the church

Ruling by "divine right" is a "Wonderful Life" for "Jimmy" the first "Stuart"
Monarch who signed the Petition of Right, then disbanded Parliament; beheaded when his cavaliers lost the English Civil War

Charles I

Charles the First was in charge, but then he lost his head!
A document that kept the king of from raising taxes or imprisoning anyone without a reason

Petition of Right

Charles signed the Petition of "Right" and "left" Parliament for good!
Supporters of Charles I


The Cavaliers are going for the "crown"!
Enemies of Charles I who fought in the English Civil War

General of the Roundheads who became the leader of the new Commonwealth after winning the English Civil War
Oliver Cromwell

Oliver couldn't "Crom well" but he could lead the new republic!
Group which thought that poor men should have the same say in government as any other person
Document which gave the Parliament power over the monarchy, and established civil rights for English citizens

English Bill of Rights

No English king could Kill the Bill of Rights without Parliament's help!
How did Tudor monarchs handle Parliament? Why did the early Stuarts clash with Parliament?
The Tudors recognized that by keeping up good relations with Parliament, they would be able to keep the peace and make sure their laws would be passed and the money they needed would be available. The early Stuarts were not as popular as the Tudors, and emphasized their divine right as rulers, which led to tension and fighting with Parliament.
Explain two causes of the English Civil War. Why did many people welcome the return of the monarchy?
1. Struggles between the monarchs and Parliament. 2. Religious struggles between the monarchs and Protestant and Puritan dissenters 3. others...

Many welcomed back the monarchy because the England had been under military rule and the Puritans had enforced strict moral laws.
Describe two results of the Glorious Revolution.
1. The power of the monarchy was limited. 2. English citizens were given rights.
A Protestant who differed with the Church of England

A dissenter "dissed" the Church.
A law from the Bill of Rights that said that no one could be imprisoned without being charged with a crime

Habeas Corpus

Habeas Corpus made sure you wouldn't become a "hideous corpse" in prison!
A type of government in which the king's powers are limited by a constitution and legislative body
Limited monarchy
How might Puritan teachings have led some women to seek greater liberties? Why do you think many men were upset by the idea of women speaking in public?
Because the Puritans were so morally strict, and saw women as inferior to men, women had little or no power in the world. Therefore, they would have wanted less strict laws on what they could and couldn't do. Men were probably upset by women speaking in public because it gave them a chance to prove that they really weren't inferior--they might be able to speak just as well as men. Also, it might give them a platform to call for women's rights.
Which aspects of Commonwealth society are part of American society today? Which are not?
American society has education for all people, poor and wealthy, male and female. It also has a fairly strict legal definition of marriage. However, it no longer has a strict moral code outlawing theaters, gambling, and other vices, and it has religious freedom for all religious, unlike Puritan England.

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