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European History Chapter 2, Section 1


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Portuguese prince who explored Africa to expand Christianity and find African gold

Henry the Navigator

Gold Man Henry
Portuguese explorer who first reached India and took over the spice trade

Vasco de Gama

Vasco de "Grandma"! Ahoy!
Italian explorer who tried to sail west across the Atlantic to reach the East Indies; instead, he discovered the Americas when he landed on San Salvador in 1492

Christopher Columbus

Just one more thing, Inspector Colombo...
Spanish conquistador who landed in Panama and became the first European to see the Pacific Ocean from the New World

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

Rocky "Balboa" will show you an "ocean" of pain!
Portuguese explorer who was the first man to sail westward to Asia; his crew finished his expedition to circumnavigate the world

Ferdinand Magellan

I'm like Magellan, I'm so gellin'.
An instrument developed by the ancient Greeks to determine latitude at sea

A Portuguese ship which combined the square sails of European ships with triangular Arabian sails

A disease caused by lack of vitamin C


Scurvy = No OJ
Sail around the world
European nations wanted to gain direct access to the spices and other riches of Asia
Why did European nations seek a sea route to Asia?
These explorers attempted to sail around the southern tip of Africa. They were able to create a vast trading empire on the Indian Ocean by using this route.
Describe the routes taken by explorers for Portugal during the 1400s and early 1500s. How did this affect Portugal's trade?
Columbus thought it would save the time and trouble sailing around the African coast by making directly for the East Indies across the Atlantic. His route quickly became the most popular route, and explorers after him exploited his success in reaching Am
Why did Columbus decide to sail westward? What influence did his voyages have on other explorers?
Route, and knowledge of potential dangers along route; mission; leadership; reward if mission accomplished; etc...
What pros and cons would you weigh if you were a sailor trying to decide whether to sign on with da Gama, Columbus, or Magellan?
Both Columbus and Magellan underestimated the width of the oceans they would cross and how much supplies and rations they would need; however, while Magellan was killed when he made the mistake of getting involved in a local conflict, Columbus' involveme
In what way were the mistakes that Columbus and Magellan made similar, and how were they different?

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