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health exam OLE


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the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands
environmental stressors
poverty pollution crowding noise natural disasters
the act of becoming aware through the senses
anything that causes stress
biological stressor
illness disability injury
cognitive/thinking stressors
the way you perceive a situation or how it affects you and the world around you
personal behavior stressors
negative reactions in the body caused by using tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs lack of physical activity
life situation stressors
death of a pet separation or divorce of parents having trouble in relationships with peers
stress response
1st stage- alarm, body and mind goes in high alert, "fight or flight" response 2nd stage- resistance, body adapts to the rush created by alarm and reacts to stressor 3rd stage- fatigue, a tired feeling takes over that lowers your level of activity
types of fatigue
physical-results when muscles work vigorously for long periods, leads to soreness and pain, reaction times becomes impaired, muscles tire quickly psychological- can result form constant worry, overwork, depression, boredom, isolation, or feeling overwhelmed by too many responsibilities pathological- tiredness brought on by overworking the body's defenses in fighting disease, anemia, flu, being overweight, poor nutrition, use of drugs and alcohol can bring on fatigue
psychosomatic response
physical reaction that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness (examples- sleep disorders, skin disorders, stomach and digestive problems)
physical effects of stress
headache asthma high blood pressure weakened immune system
mental/emotional effects of stress
difficulty concentrating mood swings risks of substance abuse
chronic stress
stress associated with long-term problems that are beyond a person's control
control of chronic stress
engage in physical activity, look for support among friends and family, find a hobby or activity that relaxes you, avoid using tobacco and other drugs
personal causes of stress
life events physical stressors daily hassles
ways to manage stress
plan ahead get adequate sleep get regular physical activity eat nutritious food eat regular meals limit "comfort" foods limit caffeine avoid, tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs
stress management skills
skills that help an individual handle stress in a healthful, effective way
stress management techniques
redirect you energy relax and laugh keep a positive outlook seek out support express yourself
relaxation response
a state of calm that can be reached if one or more relaxation techniques are practiced regularly
condition of feeling uneasy or worried about what may happen
symptoms of anxiety
feeling fear or dread perspiration, trembling, restlessness, muscle tension rapid heart rate, lightheadedness, shortness of breath
prolonged feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, or sadness
types of depression
reactive major
symptoms of depression
irritable/restless mood withdrawal from friends and activities change in appetite/weight feeling of guilt or worthlessness, sense of hoplessness
the ability to adapt effectively and recover from disappointment, difficulty, or crisis
protective factors
conditions that shield individuals from the negative consequences of exposure to risk
mental disorder
an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life
anxiety disorder
a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control
anxiety disorder characterized by irrational fear of something specific
post traumatic stress disorder
anxiety disorder that develops after a person's exposure to a terrifying event that threatened or caused physical harm
the combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well being
an overall state of well being, or total health
lifestyle factors
personal behaviors related to the way a person lives habits that affect people's overall health, happiness, and longevity determine your individual control over health risks can be linked to certain diseases some promote good health
types of lifestyle factors
getting 8-10 hours each night starting each day with a healthy breakfast eating a variety of nutritious foods each day being physically active for at least 30 minutes most days of the week maintaining a healthy weight avoiding tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs abstaining from sexual activity before marriage managing stress maintaining positive relationships practicing safe behaviors to prevent injuries
practicing health and safety habits to remain free of disease and injury
health education
the providing of accurate health information to help people make healthy choices
Healthy People 2010
a nationwide health promotion and disease prevention plan designed to serve as a guide for improving the health of all people in the US 2 goals- increase quality and years of healthy life for all Americans, remove health differences that result from factors such as gender, race, education, disability, and location
health literacy
a person's capacity to learn about and understand basic health information and services and use these resources to promote his/her health and wellness
a health-literate person needs to be...
a critical thinker and problem solver a responsible, productive citizen a self-directed learner an effective communicator
health triangle
3 elements: physical, mental/emotional, social
physical health
has to do with how well your body functions
mental/emotional health
has to do with how well you meet the demands of daily life and your ability to process information has to do with being in touch with your feelings and can express them in appropriate ways
social health
involves the way you get along with others includes your ability to make and keep friends and to work and play in cooperative ways, seeking and lending support when necessary involves communicating well and showing respect and care for yourself and others
all the traits that were biologically passed on to you from your parents influences general level of health may strengthen your resistance to disease
the sum of your surroundings family, neighborhood, school, job, life experiences
physical environment
influences every aspect of your health environmental factors (air pollution) also affect health
social environment
can develop a supportive network of family, friends, and other role models peers are an important part of a social environment
people of the same age who share similar interests
the collective beliefs, customs, and behaviors of a group
the various methods of communicating information
influences on your health
heredity environment (physical and social, culture) attitude, behavior, media, technology

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