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World Civilization Terms for China

Terms

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Ancestor worship
___ is the belief that all those who have gone before lead those who live in the present.
Benevolence
Taught by Confucianism to treat those beneath with ____.
Confucian virtue, family
___ ___ must be learned. It is reverence for the ____ and respect for authority.
Confucianism, rulers
(Hint: place, above, beneath
____ is a practical form of action accessible to all which sought to create a virtuous society governed by virtuous ____.
Confucius, Zhou, past
(Hint: wisdom, innovator)
The great philosopher who lived around 500 C.E., based his entire system of thought on the ancient models of the ____ Dynasty. Felt the best models of society and virtue were to be found in the ____.
Taoism
(Hint: no, action)
Confidence in human nature is boundless, philosophy of non-action.
Taoist non-action (wu wei)
acting in accordance with the Tao and not interfering with the natural path of things and will lead to a harmonious society
Filial piety
respect of children for their elders, particularly their male elders, was the basis of all morality
calligraphy
five styles of Chinese
Fu Hsi, I Ching
(Hint: foretell, future)
Emperor ___ ___ created the __ _____: A text that is made up of long and short lines representing the balance between yin and yang.
Han Fei
the prime minister of the Ch'in Empire, one of the most important Legalists
Hsia Dynasty
founder was a Heavenly Emperor, Yu, who taught the Chinese how to manage the flooding of the Yellow River
Huang Ti (Heavenly Emperor), 25, extended
Gave his people the gift of fire and invented the wheel. Had ___ sons, from whom the feudal families of the Zhou era traced their heritage. The story of illustrates the idea of China as an ____ family.
Lao Tzu, 62, Ching
(Hint: shih)
Known as the wise old dragon, was born in 604 B.C.E. Conceived by a shooting star and carried in his mother's womb for ___ years. Teachings Tao te ___, or The Classic of the Way and of Virtue.
Law of primogeniture
(one people) all the possessions of the father passed to his eldest son, thereby preserving the family wealth and power
Legalism, respect, law
(Hint: obey, force)
Harsh punishments for infractions of the law were necessary in order to compel the population to _____ the emperor's authority and to obey the ___.
Loyang
Zhou eastern capital, where they maintained power from 722 to 481 B.C.E., center for religious rites
Mandate of Heaven
suggested the emperor was divine
Pan Ku
(Hint: breath, sweat, hair, lice)
Universe was created from a giant egg, from which emerged the first cosmic man, ___.
Period of Five Heavenly Emperors
The Five Heavenly Emperors established rule by merit rather than by heredity
Qin (Ch'in)
First emperor of China was Shi Huang Ti, founder of the ____ Empire
Rules of Propriety
Respectful to elders, no innate, know place and keep it; governed Chinese behavior and helped to develop virtuous behavior
Shan Nung
gave the Chinese the plow and the market place, two quintessential elements of an agricultural community
meritocracy
the idea that government should be conducted by those whose virtue and learning merited their positions of authority and respect
Shang Dynasty
The first solidly authenticated dynasty in Chinese history; used the tortoise shells for divination and in their cult of ancestor worship; warrior people; buried their warriors with live servants
Shi Huang Ti, Ch'in
(Hint: standardized, calligraphy)
____ was the first emperor of China, founder of ____ Empire; born the illegitimate son of an official;
Silk Road
(Hint: silk)
Han were forced to go in search of better horses which led to the origins of transcontinental trade along the _____.
The Great Wall, northern, Shi Huang Ti, Legalism
(Hint: the tomb)
____ stood 35 feet high and very wide; built along ____ borders of China. _____ implementation of a new philosophy of virtue and law called _____.
The Han Dynasty, Silk Road
(Hint: Loyang, Huns)
Most well known leader of ____ was the emperor Wu Ti; fought battle the Hsiung nu; founded origins of transcontinental trade along the ____ _____.
The polestar
Zhou modeled their idea of the state and the emperor on the heavens & evolved around the north star; a fixed point in the northern sky around which other stars revolve
The Zhou , Western, Eastern
___ had two dynasties. Two capitals, Xi'an (after the collapse of the ____. ____ capital, Loyang, where they maintained power; overthrew the Shang.
Ti Yao, meritocracy
(Hint: virtue)
____ needed a successor, but distrusted his own son. He found such a young man named Shun. Established office by ____ through education (civil service exams).
Tortoise shell bones
(Hint: shells, inscriptions)
Remnants of Shang dynasty; Shang used _____ for divination and in their cult of ancestor worship.
shih scholars
dominated the administrative apparatus of China for centuries, as these offices were determined by the Confucian idea of merit
Shun
(Hint: prostitute, learned)
Ti Yao ceded the throne to ____ because his ability and inner virtue made him more fit for the throne.
Warring States
(Hint: order, Ch'in)
___ after the collapse of the Eastern Zhou; feudal lords of China vied for power.
Yellow River (China's Sorrow)
Throughout history there have been many devastating floods of the _____ that have killed thousands; turbulent river; Chinese culture arose on small plots in _____ valleys, cultivated by family units.
yin and yang
___: women, negative, cold, dark, passive (broken line). ____: positive, light, heat, energy, male (single line).
Yu
(Hint: Confusian, virtuous)
Heavenly Emperor, ___ left behind his family and walked through China for 10 years in order to help his people.
Prehistoric Era (Heavanly Emperors), Xia (Hsia), Shang, Western Zhou, Eastern Zhou, Warring States, Qin (Ch'in), Han
What is the order of the dynasties/periods in China: ____ ____, ____, ___, ___ ___, ___ ____, ___ ___, ___, ____.

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