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GKIN Ch.11

Terms

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______ is the disease of the heart and blood vessels.
cardiovascular disease
major risks factors that can be changed
tobacco use, high blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol levels, physical inactivity, obesity, and diabetes.
people who smoke a pack of cigarttes a day have _____ a risk of heart attack that nonsmokers have.
twice
_____ occurs when too much force or pressure is exerted against the walls of the arteries.
high blood pressure or hypertension.
Blood fats formed in the liver that carry cholesterol throughout the body.
lipoproteisn
How often should somebody have their cholesterol levels tested? What guidelines for optimal levels are given?
Every 5 years for adults beginning at age 20. LDL levels should be less than 100, HDL levels should 60 or more, total cholesterol levels should be less than 200, and triglycerides should be less than 150.
How many millions of Americans are so sedentary that they are at risk for developing CVD?
40-60 million
The best thing to do to combat CVD is?
Excercise
Psychological and social factors that are risk factors for CVD are...
Stress, chronic hostility and anger, suppressing psychological distress, depression and anxiety, social isolation, and low socioeconomic status.
major risk factors for CVD that can't be changed...
heredity, aging, being male, and ethnicity
Being male and CVD
Men face a greater risk of heart attack than women, especially earlier in life. Until age 55, men also have a greater risk of hypertension than women. The incidence of stroke is higher for males than females until age 65.
Cardiovascular disease in which the inner layers artery walls are made thick and irregular by deposits of a fatty substance; the internal channels of the arteries thus become narrowed, and blood supply is reduced.
atherosclerosis
major forms of cardiovascular disease
hypertension (high blood pressure), atherosclerosis, heart disease and heart attacks, stroke, and congestive heart failure.
An impeded blood supply to some part of the brain resulting in the destruction of brain cells.
stroke
A condition resulting from the heart's inability to pump out all the blood that returns to it. Blood backs up int he veins leading to the heart, causing an accumulation of fluid in various parts of the body.
congestive heart failure
An irregularity in the force or rhythm of the heartbeat.
arrhythmia
A condition in which the heart muscle does not receive enough blood, causing severe pain in the chest and often in the left arm and shoulder.
angina pectoris

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