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LIL BLOOD

Terms

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sickle cell anemia
abnormal hemoglobin formed; RBC spiky and sharp; protects against malaria
polycythemia
increase in RBC; abnormally high erythrocyte count; makes blood viscous, decreases flow, increases clot formation
acute hemolytic anemia
rate of RBC destruction increases; RBCs rupture or lyse; caused by hemoglobin abnormalities, mismatched transfused blood, parasitic infections
red blood cells
transport oxygen; help transport carbon dioxide; bright-red to dark-purple biconcave disks; no nuclei
platelets
aid hemostasis; disk-shaped cell fragments; no nuclei; purple granules in cytoplasm
white blood cells
fight infection; remove dead/dying cells; destroy cancer cells
neutrophil
phagocytize pathogens; spherical cells; multilobed nuclei; fine, lilac granules in cytoplasm
lymphocytes
responsible for specific immunity; spherical cells; large, round nuclei
monocytes
become macrophages that phagocytize pathogens and cellular debris; large, spherical cells; kidney-shaped, lobed nuclei
eosinophils
phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes and allergens; spherical cells with bilobed nuclei; deep-red granules in cytoplasm
basophils
release histamine and heparin; spherical cells with lobed nuclei; deep-blue granules in cytoplasm

Deck Info

11

Jay

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