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Chapter 18 A&P

Terms

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What kind of tissue is blood?
Fluid connective
Oxygen rich blood is...
Scarlet Red
Oxygen poor blood is...
Dark Red
Blood tempreture..
38 Degrees Celcius
Blood pH
7.35-7.45
Average volume in males
5-6 L
Average volume in females
4-5 L
Transports O2 from..to...
From lungs;To all body cells
Transports nutrients from..to...
Digestive tract; all body cells
Transport nitrogen waste from...to...
All body cells; To Kidneys
Transports CO2 from...to...
All body cells; To lungs
Mainting body temp by...
Delivering heat throughout body, or to skin surface.
Maintain's pH of..
body tissues
Prevents...
Infection and blood loss
Plasma--living or nonlinving?
Nonliving
What percent of the blood does plasma make up?
55%
Plasma is mostly...
Water--90%
Protiens are what percent of plasma?
8%
Albumin...
Most abundant protein
Albumin is produced in the..
liver
Can albumin leave the blood?
No--too large.
Albumin maintains...
Water balance with osmotic pressure.
Alpha and Beta Globulin is produced by the what, and what are they?
Liver; Transport proteins to carry lipids, metal ions, fat soluble vitamins.
Gamma Globuline--What is it and what is it produced by?
Antibodies (immune response) produceed by plasma cells of the lymph nodes
Fibrinogen and Prothrobin do what, and are produced by what?
Clot, produced by liver.
Electrolytes--exampls and what they do.
Sodium--maintain blood osmotic pressure.

Bicarbonate--blood pH

Also calcium
Formed Elements are living or nonliving?
Living
The erythrocyte portion of the blood is called...
hematocrit
RBC's main function is to...
transport oxygen
RBC's shape is...
Biconcave. Flexible.
RBC type of respiration
Anaerobic so they don't use the O2 they are carrying.
Do RBC's have mitochondria?
No
RBC's are mostly...
hemoglobin
Globin consists of..
2 alpha and 2 beta polypeptide chains
How many heme groups?
4
What is heme?
Red iron containing pigment
Each iron atom (in heme) binds to what?
One molecule of O2.
Define oxyhemoglobin
o2 attaches to iron of hemoglobin, bright red, in lungs.
Define deoxyhemoglobin
O2 detaches from hemoglobin, dark red, in body tissues.
Define carbaminohemoglobin
co2 attaches to globin of hemoglobin, occurs in body tissues.

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