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Maxillary artery = # embryo aortic arch
Stapedial artery = # embryo aortic arch
Aorta = # embryo aortic arch
Pulmonary artery (ductus arteriosus) = # embryo aortic arch
Chvostek sign
When the facial nerve is tapped at the angle of the jaw (i.e. masseter muscle), the facial muscles on the same side of the face will contract momentarily due to hypocalcemia
Carotid artery = # embryo aortic arch
K+ sparing diuretic inhibits aldosterone and Na+ channels
Most common cause of viral myocarditis
Coxsackievirus B
Kussmal's sign
Increased JVP on inspiration Due to increased venous return during inspiration w/ constrictive pericariditis
perinuclear brown pigment seen in heart, liver, spleen of elderly
von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome
AD - abnormal BV growth mutation of VHL tumore suppressor gene on short arm of chr 3 angiomas & hemangioblastoma in retina, brain, and spiinal cord cystic growth in kidney & pancreas pheochromocytomas islet cell tumors clear cell renal carcinoma
Dressler's Syndrome
chest pain friction rub JVP
Tetrology of Fallot
Overriding aorta VSD Pulmonary trunk stenosis RV hypertrophy most common R -> L shunt early cyanosis
hair density or length beyond the accepted limits of normal Minoxidil SE
Most common cause of bacterial atypical pneumonia
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Tx for aspirin allergy
Zileuton - 5-LIPOX inhibitor decreasing LTs
Sx: high fever, dysphagia, drooling, insp. stridor, respiratory distress x-ray thickening of epiglottis & aryepiglottic fold (thumbprint sign) Haemophilus influenzae
Tx opioid OD
Tx thrombolytic OD
Aminocaproic acid
Tx benzodiazepine OD
Tx anti-cholinergic OD
Tx herparin OD
Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
"hyaline membrane disease" most common cause of death in neonates associated w/ prematurity, maternal DM, c-section
Vitamin B6 tx
to prevent peripheral neuropathy due to isoniazid
Vitamin B1 tx
to prevent Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome in alcoholics
Vitamin B12 tx
for B12 deficiency (neuro sx, macrocytic anemia, increased MMA & homocysteine)
Trousseau sign
Occlude brachial artery w/ BP cuff -> carpal spasm
joint pain
Reed-Sternberg cell
aka Lacunar cell Hodgkin's Lymphoma
"orphan Annie eye" nucleus
Thyroid papillary adenocarcinoma
Conn's syndrome
Primary hyperaldosteronism
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
pre-excitation of the ventricles of the heart due to an accessory pathway known as the bundle of Kent tx w/ ablation
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
disease of the adrenal glands most commonly caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis. The infection leads to massive hemorrhage into one or (usually) both adrenal glands sx: meningococcemia, low blood pressure and shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) with widespread purpura, and rapidly developing adrenocortical insufficiency

Deck Info