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Genitourinary and Gynelogical Terminology

Terms

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Cryptoorchidism
Cystocele
The downward displacement of the bladder, which appears as a bulge in the anterior vaginal wall.
Dysmenorrhea
Painful menstruation.
Endometriosis
Infection of the endometrium or placental site.
Epispadias
Hydrocele
The accumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavity, especially in the tunica vaginalis/testis.
Hypospadias
Hysterectomy
Surgical removal of the uterus.
Infertility
Diminished ability to conceive.
Leiomyoma (also referred to as fibroids or myoma)
A benign tumor of the uterus, composed primarily of smooth muscle and connectiv tissue.
Menopause
The permanent cessation of menses.
Phimosis
Stenosis or narrowness of the preputial orifice so that the foreskin cannot be pushed back over the glans penis. The condition is treated by circumcision.
Prolapse
Falling or dropping down of an organ or internal part.
Rectocele
Protrusion or herniation of the posterior vaginal wall with the anterior wall of the rectum through the vagina.
Sterility
Permanently prevents pregnancy.
Tubal ligation
female sterilization procedure that severs the fallopian tubes.
Variocele
Enlargement of the veins of the spermatic cord, commonly occuring above the left testicle. Usually identified during adolescence. Male infertility has been linked to this. When palpated the vessels of the scrotum are full, feel like a bundle of worms and are purplish.
Vasectomy
Male sterilization procedure that severs the vas deferens.

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