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Chapter 4 Sec.1-5

Terms

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Ramses the Great
pharaoh who made an army captain at the age of 10 and accomplished many things that pharaohs after him counldn't maintain
Queen Shanakhdakheto
first women to rule Kush and ruled from 170 BC to 150 BC
Nobles
people from rich and powerful families
merchants
traders who carried goods to ports on the Mediterranean and Red seas and to Southern Africa
obelisk
a tall four-sided pillar that is pointed on top and might stand on either sides of the gate to the temple
King Ezana
king of Aksum and destroyed Meroe and took over Kush
middle kingdom
a period of order and stability that lasted until about 1750 BC and started by Mentuhotep II
Khufu
the most famous pharoah of the Old Kingdom
remove
all organs in the body except heart and put in canopic jars
Menes
first Pharoah of Egypt - ruled Upper + Lower Egypt, wore 2 crowns one for each kingdom
food
wheat, barley, fruits, vegetables, lamb, beef, fish, wild geese, and ducks
sphinxes
imaginary creatures with the bodies of lions and the heads of other animals or humans - carved out of stone
Nile Delta
fertile farmland
King Tutankhamen
pharaoh of Egypt and found in 1922 - tomb filled with jewelry, robes, burial mask, and ivory statues
imports
goods brought from other regions including fine jewelry and luxury items
brain
push hook up nose, wiggle the hook, turn body over, and let brain come out of nose
hieroglyphics
Egyptian system of writing that included over 600 symbols
trade routes
path followed by traders
Piankhi
attacked Egypt and conquered Egypt
embalming
preserved bodies for a long time
Queen Hatshepsut
female pharaoh and was known for building monuments and increasing trade
locations
Lower Egypt above Upper Egypt - river flow
engineering
the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
two regions
Upper Egypt + Lower Egypt
influence on US
people around the world were influenced by Egypt's pyramids including the US and we built monuments like the Washington Monument
exports
items sent out to other regions including gold, pottery, iron tools, slaves, ivory, leopard skins, ostrich feathers, and elephants
afterlife
life after death
Old Kingdom
a period in Egyptian history that lasted from about 2700 BC to 2200 BC - third Dynasty
Rosetta Stone
a stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, later form of Egyptian, and Greek - found by a French soldier in 1799
pyramids
huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point at the top
mummification
the process of embalming a person's body that takes over a month
new kingdom
a period during which Egypt reached the height of its power and glory + rose in beginning of 18th dynasty
papyrus
long-lasting paper-like material made from reeds and scribes used brushes and ink to write on them
Nile river
had cataract and made it hard to sail across
elite
people of wealth and power
trade network
a system of people in different lands who traded goods
barriers
Egypt was hard to invade because of desert on both sides
mummies
specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth
Egyptian art
painted historical events, religious rituals, in temples and tombs, and other places
Ahmose
the Hyksos invaded Egypt and Ahmose drove them out of Egpyt in the mid 1500s BC

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