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current problems

vocabulary terms for current problems

Terms

undefined, object
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incumbent
elected official that is already in office
deregulation
relaxation of government regulation on industry
insurrection
an act of rebellion against the established government
subversion
a systematic attempt to overthrow a government by using persons working secretly from within
dynasty
a family line of rulers who's right to rule is passed on within the family
sovereignty
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
autonomous
self governing
nationalism
the unique cultural identity of a perple based on common language, religion, and national symbols
conservative
a person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
natural rights
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
lobbying
direct contact made by an interest group representative in order to persuade government officials to support the policies their interest group favors
flexible responce
the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons
feudalism
a political and social system that developed during the middle ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
magna carta
a written code that limited the power of the english monarchy for the first time; also called the great charter
self-determination
belief that people in a territory should have the ability to choose their own government
civil society
a complex network of voluntary associations, economic groups, religious organizations, and many other kinds of groups that exist independently from the government
caste system
a set of rigid socail categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society
totalitarian
a government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens
naturalization
the legal process by which a person is granted citizenship
political machine
an organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
socialsim
a system in which sociaty, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production
marginal utility
the extra usefulness gained from consuming one more unit of a product
capitalism
economic system in which private citizens own and use the factors of production in order to generate profits
nullification
the failure or refusal of a U.S. state to aid in the enforcement of federal laws within its state limits
consumer sovereignty
the concept that the consumer is the ruler of the market
bureaucracy
government administrators
detente
relaxation of tensions between the united states and its wto major communist rivals, the soviet union and china
secular
a viewpoint void of religious thought or considerations
diplomacy
the art and practice of conducting negotiations between nations without arousing hostility
elasticity
a measure of responsiveness that tells us how a dependent variable such as quantity responds to an independent variable such as price
internationalism
a national policy of actively trading with forein countries to foster peace and prosperity
suffrage
the right to vote
liberal
a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior
renaissance
a period in european history of the rebirth of learning based on the knowledge of ancient roman and greek learning; mainly in art, philosophy, invention, exploration, and religious reform
dissident
a person who speaks out against the regime in power
consumer price index
statistic that measures overall changes in price or inflation over time
politics
the effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of government
heresy
thoughts and ideas that are contrary to the teachings of the christian faith
amnesty
the act of granting pardon to a large group of people
federal reserve system
privately owned, publicly controlled, central bank of the united states
aristocracy
an upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another
social contract
the idea that an entire society agrees to be goerned by its general will
federalism
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
imperialism
the actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over smaller or weaker nations

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