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Vocab for Ancient Egypt


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A capital of the ancient kingdom of Kush. This city was known for their iron working.
Egyptian queen who used romance to form an alliance with Rome. She was often called "the queen of the NIle".
Pharaoh of Egypt. Introduced polytheism to Egypt, he wanted people to only worship the god Aton.
A capital of the ancient kingdom of Kush. This city was known for their pyramids in which to bury their kings.
Jean Francois Champollion
Frenchman and Egyptologist who studied the Rosetta Stone and in 1821 became the first person to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Chosen to be pharaoh at 9 years old and died 9 years later. During his brief rein as pharaoh, his ministers restored the old religion of Egypt. He was buried in a solid-gold coffin.
Where the kings Piye and Kashta where from. This country was located in the present day countries of Sudan and Ethiopia.
A command given by a ruler.
Rosetta Stone
A stone found near Rosetta in 1799, with Egyptian hieroglyphics and Greek translations next to them. The stone proved to be the key to understanding Egyptian writing.
A capital of the ancient kingdom of Kush. This city was known for its delicate pottery.
A mineral often used in the mummification process to embalm the body.
Royal architect of Egypt who built Pharaoh Zoser's step pyramid.
Two Lands
Upper and Lower Egypt before they were united together.
A series of rulers form the same family.
Western Europeanists that ruled Egypt for about 100 years.
Great Sphinx
Is a half-human, half-lion statue in Egypt and is the earliest known monumental sculpture.
Pharaoh of Egypt who on the death of her husband, Thutmose II, became pharaoh for her son Thutmose III. Married her half-brother. Her step son destroyed all of her statues when she died.
Piye & Kashta
Kings of Kush captured Upper and Lower Egypt.
Thutmose 3
Son of Thutmose 2. He was a great military leader that conquered many lands.
The yellow to grayish-brown wax secreted by the honeybee for constructing honeycombs. Also used to stuff the mummy's nostrils.
Book of the Dead
A collection of ancient Egyptian papyrus books filled with hymns to be used by the soul of the deceased for guidance and protection on its journey to the afterlife.
King Menes
He united Upper and Lower Egypt to better defend themselves.
Trading Network
A group of buyers and sellers.
King Narmer
Pharaoh of Egypt, he is traced to the start of the Egyptian civilization.

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