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A type of accompanied solo song that developed about 1600 in reaction to the polyphonic style of the 16th century and that is characterized by recitative-like voice part and thorough bass accompaniement
Madrigal comedy
Late 16th century works in which an entire play was set to music in the form of madrigals and other kinds of polyphonic vocal music. Madrigals that represent a succession of scenes.
Musical interlude on a pastoral or mythological subject performed before, between, or after the acts of a spoken comedy or tragedy
Commedia del'arte
A type of comedic stage presentation that developed in Italy about 1500. It had no music, but its traditional archetypes of characters were introduced into musical comedies and operas. (ex: comic servant, rich venetian merchant, unfaithful wife, etc)
in 16th and 1th century France, an entertainment in which both professionals and guests danced; later, a staged work danced by professionals
Pastoral play
play in verse with incedental music and songs, normally set in idealized rural surroundings, often in ancient times. A source for earliest opera librettos.
Doctrine of affections
An aesthetic theory of the baroque. J Mattheson enumerates more than 20 affections and describes how they should be used in music. An affection is a basic state of emotion - like sorrow. Each composition should embody only one emotion.
Florentine camarata
a group of literary men and musicians and amateurs that began to gather in 1580, at the palace of Count Bardi at Florence - to discuss new musical styles in imitation of the music of the ancient Greek drama. MEMBERS INCLUDED: Rinuccini-poet, Galilei-musician, Caccini, Peri, and Bardi. Lead to the creation of Opera (recitative, etc).
Le nuove musiche
publication by Caccini in 1601. Contained arias and madrigals in the new monody style of recitative with throughbass accompaniment.
Monteverdi's Coronation of Poppea
his masterpiece about Roman emperor Nero's affair with Poppea widow whom he eventually marries
Bel canto
Elegant italianvocal style of early 19th century marked by lyrical, embellished melodies that show off the beauty and skill of the singer's voice - beautiful singing.
Scene complex
Scene in opera that contains one or more arias - or recitative then aria monologues - by one person - recetitive or aria.
2 singers
Written to commerate death of a famous person. Or a long affecting recitative with moments of florid song and arioso passages built on sequences.
Alessandro Scarlatti
Prolific master of the Italian secular Cantata.

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