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2008 2nd Midterm

Terms

undefined, object
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predicament
a difficult, trying situation or plight (-)
ebb
a gradual decline (in size or strength or power or number); outward flow of the tide
homily
a sermon on a moral or religious topic
invidious
tending to provoke envy or ill will (-)
lampoon
ridicule with satire
adherent
supporter; follower
languish
to weaken through disuse (-)
sanguine
confidently optimistic and cheerful (+)
reprisal
retaliation
bauble
trifle, trinket, cheap jewelry (-)
abound
to be abundant or plentiful
palliate
provide physical relief, as from pain
fulminate
criticize severely (-)
brazen
rudely bold (-); made of brass
cataclysm
catastrophe; disaster
titillate
to excite pleasurably or erotically
pallor
unusual or extreme paleness
lugubrious
mournful, excessively sad (-)
referendum
public vote
demise
death
transient
temporary, fleeting
verdant
lush, green with vegetation (+)
fodder
food for horses or cattle; raw materials
estimable
deserving of respect or high regard (+)
countenance
consent to, give permission; facial expression
insufferable
unbearable, intolerable [about a person] (-)
dictum
an authoritative statement.
cherub
a baby-angel; an innocent person (+)
divulge
to disclose something secret
desiccate
to dry up, dehydrate
derelict
irresponsible neglectful of duty; neglected or abandoned (-)
coterie
a circle of close associates or friends
osmosis
gradual or subtle absorption
amenity
an attractive, pleasant, or comfortable feature (+)
celibacy
abstinence from sex
suffrage
the right to vote
ratiocination
logical and methodical reasoning
officious
intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner (-)
ominous
menacing; threatening (-)
emissary
agent; ambassador; representative; n
proselytize
to convert someone to a faith, belief, or cause
draconian
excessively harsh; severe (-)
inveterate
long established; deep-rooted; habitual (-)
dearth
scarcity; lack
panegyric
formal praise, eulogy
ordinance
law passed by a local government
squalor
sordid dirtiness (-)
sweeping
having broad range or effect
belabor
to explain or mention excessively (-)
perfunctory
done routinely and with little care (-)
quiescent
at rest, dormant, temporarily inactive
vagary
caprice, whim
hubris
excessive pride (-)
expunge
erase; remove
elegy
a sad or mournful poem or song
definitive
conclusive, providing the final word
disarray
a disorderly or messy condition (-)
quotidian
everyday; commonplace
patrimony
an inheritance
inimitable
impossible to copy or imitate
fathom
a length of six feet; to come to understand
subterfuge
a deceptive strategy; a trick to deceive
viscous
syrupy, sticky
cursory
hasty and without attention to detail
diurnal
belonging to or active during the day
lout
an awkward stupid person (-)
resignation
patient submissiveness; acceptance of fate
grievous
of great gravity or crucial import
consummate
perfect, complete, supremely skilled (+)
ambiance
the atmosphere of an environment
histrionic
theatrical; exaggerated; excessively dramatic (-)
insidious
causing harm in a sneaky way (-)
supplication
humbly asking for a favor
virulent
extremely poisonous or injurious (-)
incisive
having keen insight (+)
premeditated
planned beforehand; deliberate
convoluted
intricate; complex (-)
apostasy
renunciation of former religious beliefs
idiosyncrasy
a peculiar personality trait
awry
away from the correct or expected course (-)
cleave
split or sever; remain faithful to; cling to
tangential
of superficial relevance if any
condone
to overlook, to permit to happen
inculcate
to teach (ideas or principles); instill
quixotic
idealistic but impractical
reprimand
to criticize or scold formally or severely
extricate
disentangle
despot
a cruel and oppressive dictator
scant
not enough; meager (-)
repudiate
reject as untrue, unfounded, or unjust
anomaly
something that does not fit in a pattern
vicissitude
change of fortune
plunder
to rob by force
tortuous
winding, full of curves; unclear, indirect
angst
a sharp, vague feeling of anxiety (-)
doctrinaire
dogmatic (-)
insouciant
unconcerned, carefree
avuncular
like an uncle in kindness or indulgence (+)
bravado
boldness intended to impress or intimidate
brawn
muscular strength
insinuate
to imply.
poignant
profoundly moving; touching
repercussion
an indirect effect or consequence
municipal
relating to the government of a town or city
ascertain
find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort
amoral
without moral standards or principles
convivial
fond of partying, festive (+)
scrupulous
exact, careful; principled (+)
bane
a cause of harm, ruin or trouble (-)
diatribe
a bitter verbal attack (-)
sublime
lofty, noble (+)
frenetic
frenzied, wildly active
impeach
bring an accusation against
aloof
not friendly; cool and distant (-)
acerbic
harsh or bitter in tone or taste (-)
oblivion
obscurity, forgetfulness (-)
dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn; humorless (-)
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
apogee
the farthest or highest point; culmination
contretemps
an embarrassing conflict or clash (-)
balk
to stop short and refuse to continue
baleful
harmful, threatening, causing evil (-)
concoct
to make up, prepare, or invent
hypocrisy
the practice of pretending to be something one is not; insincerity (-)
beleaguer
besiege or attack, harass
touchstone
a standard: a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
mawkish
too emotional or sentimental (-)
impervious
incapable of being penetrated or harmed
double entendre
a statement that has two meanings, one of which is dirty or vulgar
stymie
to hinder, obstruct, or block (-)
rhetoric
study of the technique and rules for using language effectively (especially in public speaking)
incantation
chant; invocation; prayer
shackle
to chain or restrain (-)
encroach
impinge or infringe upon (-)
punitive
intended as punishment
proponent
an advocate; a supporter of a position
dissident
a person who speaks out against the regime in power
integral
essential
melancholy
a feeling of thoughtful sadness
oust
remove from a position or office
unctuous
oily, bland; insincerely suave (-)
substantiate
to give supporting evidence
obeisance
a gesture to show respect
venerate
to honor, to revere
avow
to declare boldly, to admit
coalesce
to blend or fuse together
expatriate
a person who lives outside his or her native country
porous
full of tiny holes or spaces; easily penetrated by gas or liquid
interminable
having or seeming to have no end (-)
verity
quality of being true, lasting truth or principle
savant
person of great learning
skirmish
a minor short-term fight
impeccable
without fault or error (+)
debauchery
wild partying; corrupt sinfulness (-)
annuity
a yearly remittance or payment of money
queue
a line of people waiting for something
prowess
superior skill or ability
curmudgeon
a cranky person, usually old (-)
salutary
promoting good health
avail
to be of use to, be useful to
vindicate
to clear from blame or accusation (+)
psyche
soul; mind
apprise
to make aware of
reprove
to scold or to rebuke for a misdeed usually with kindly intent
portent
a sign of something about to happen
engaging
charming; attractive; interesting (+)
presage
to foretell.
botch
to do something badly; to screw up, bungle (-)
provincial
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated (-)
depredate
to plunder, pillage, ravage, or destroy (-)
facade
outward appearance; misrepresentation (-)
hegemony
the domination of one state over its allies
foster
help develop, help grow
rigorous
rigidly severe, exacting
waft
to float or be carried through the air ( a sound or smell)
halcyon
idyllically calm and peaceful
urbane
elegant, refined in manners; sophisticated (+)
precept
a principle of action or conduct
contingent
possible but not certain to occur
bemused
confused, bewildered
moratorium
temporary prohibition or halt to activity
armistice
a temporary peace
provident
frugal; looking to the future (+)
impetuous
rash, impulsive (-)
motley
composed of heterogeneous or inharmonious elements (-)
mediate
to help settle a conflict
aphorism
a saying or maxim
exhume
to dig out of the ground (especially a grave)
unconscionable
beyond reason, not restrained by conscience (-)
ostentatious
displaying wealth; too showy (-)
benighted
unenlightened, ignorant (-)
obsequious
slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic (-)
paroxysm
a spasm, fit, or sudden outburst
intransigent
inflexible, refuse to compromise (-)
avarice
greed for wealth, excessive love of riches (-)
complexion
texture and color of the skin of the face
dissolution
the breaking up or dissolving of something into parts
posthumous
occurring or published after death
duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy (-)
harry
to torment, harass (-)
junta
a group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power
punctilious
very attentive to detail; meticulous
herald
to announce
alacrity
Cheerful willingness.
commensurate
equal, proportional
recalcitrant
stubbornly resistant to authority (-)
cant
insincere talk about religion or morals (-)
extant
still in existence
cavalier
a gentleman, a horseman (+); arrogant and haughty (-)
finesse
delicate skill
apotheosis
elevation to divine status; a perfect example (+)
supercilious
disdainfully arrogant; haughty (-)
brandish
to wave around (a weapon); flourish
serendipity
good luck in making unexpected and fortunate discoveries
harp
complain incessantly (-)
disparage
to criticize; belittle
adage
a wise saying, proverb
rue
regret, lament, mourn
baroque
extravagant, ornate, embellished
burgeon
grow and flourish
imbue
to dye; to instill profoundly.
deprecate
to express disapproval of
sordid
morally degraded (-)
confederate
someone who assists in a plot (-)
grandiloquent
speaking in a pompous manner (-)
dichotomy
a division into two parts
corollary
a practical consequence that follows naturally
jaunt
short pleasure trip
ebullient
overflowing with enthusiasm; showing excitement
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
incarnation
a physical embodiment (of an idea or deity)
rivet
to fasten or hold securely
capricious
impulsive and unpredictable (-)
underscore
underline; emphasize
dotage
feebleness of mind due to old age; senility
spurious
plausible but false (-)
mendacious
lying, habitually dishonest (-)
assiduous
diligent (+)
sedentary
involving little activity; sitting (-)
warrant
to authorize; justify; sanction; permit by law or authority
commodious
spacious (+)
partisan
an ardent and enthusiastic supporter of some person or activity
iridescent
shining with shifting rainbow colors
excise
to remove by cutting
tangential
barely relevant (-)
incursion
an attack that penetrates into enemy territory
paucity
scarcity; dearth (-)
heinous
very wicked, offensive (-)
blatant
totally or offensively obtrusive; very obvious (-)
inexorable
unavoidable; unpreventable
quay
dock; wharf; pier; landing place (for boats) [pronounced "kee"]
concomitant
accompanying
cohort
a close group or band of people; an associate
inadvertent
not intentional
platonic
nonsexual; purely of the spirit
appurtenance
an adjunct or accessory.
emanate
to issue forth; come out
titular
in title only; nominal
schism
division of a group into opposing factions
effusion
unrestrained expression
replete
abundantly supplied; filled to capacity
skittish
nervous and jumpy; easily frightened
slake
to satisfy (thirst), to quench; to extinguish
hypothetical
supposed, assumed for the purpose of argument
martial
Pertaining to war or military operations.
didactic
instructive (especially excessively) (-)
sally
a sudden rushing attack
indifferent
not caring one way or the other
droll
amusing in a wry, subtle way
coup
a brilliant and notable success (+)
largess
generous giving, often accompanied by condescension
bedlam
a state of extreme confusion and disorder (-)
oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms (as in "deafening silence" or "bittersweet")
wary
watchful, alert
obdurate
stubborn; inflexible (-)
bacchanal
a drunken party or celebration (-)
spate
a sudden rush or outpouring
tepid
lukewarm (-)
platitude
a trite or obvious remark or adage (-)
sententious
self-righteous, moralistic; using a lot of adages or cliches (-)
misanthropic
hating mankind in general
fawn
to flatter or praise excessively (-) [used with "over"]
callow
lacking experience of life (-)
throttle
place limits on (extent or access) (-)
purblind
lacking in insight or discernment (-)
noisome
very disgusting, offensive, or stinky (-)
transgress
break go beyond (a limit or law)
rend
to tear or be torn violently
rapture
a state of great joy,delight,or love
repartee
a quick, witty conversation (+)
servile
submissive; like a servant (-)
clout
special power or influence; a hard punch
blanch
turn pale, as if in fear
spurn
to reject harshly
incendiary
causing fire or excitement
jingoism
fanatical patriotism (-)
microcosm
a smaller, representative system having analogies to a larger system.
husbandry
prudent management of
incorrigible
unable to be reformed (-)
wake
trail of a ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war
genteel
Refined, polite, well-bred, sophisticated (+)
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
propitious
favorable, fortunate, advantageous (+)
substantive
having substance and prompting thought (+)
phlegmatic
calm, sluggish temperament; unemotional
furtive
secret and sly or devious
redress
act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil
preclude
keep from happening or arising
progeny
children, offspring, descendants
consternation
sudden confusion or amazement
imperative
necessary, urgent
disseminate
cause to become widely known
raucous
loud; boisterous
vacuous
empty-headed, lacking in ideas, stupid (-)
novel
strikingly new or unusual (+)
jocular
joking
impotent
lacking power or ability (-)
concentric
arcs and circles that share the same center points
amenable
responsive; agreeable
ostensible
seeming, appearing as such, professed
cabal
a group of plotters (-)
garner
to acquire or deserve by one's efforts or actions
stoic
seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain
prepossess
cause to be preoccupied
expiate
to make amends for a wrong
bequest
something left to someone in a will
destitute
extremely poor (-)
stalwart
strong, brave, and loyal (+)
austere
forbiddingly stern; severely simple
orthodox
adhering to what is commonly accepted
pernicious
extremely harmful (-)
nebulous
lacking definition or definite content (-)
corporeal
Of a material nature; physical.
sardonic
disdainful, sarcastic, cynical
calumny
slander; defamation (-)
vignette
a short descriptive story
malinger
avoid responsibilities and duties, e.g., by pretending to be ill (-)
castigate
to criticize, inflict punishment
aggrandize
increase power or rank of; make greater
endemic
indigenous to a certain place, region, or group
perpetuate
to prolong the existence of
veneer
surface appearance covering the true nature
entreat
plead; ask earnestly
guise
general external appearance; aspect; semblance
serpentine
snake-like; twisting, winding
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
larceny
theft; robbery; stealing (-)
embargo
a ban on trade
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
docile
easily handled or managed
nuance
something subtle; a fine shade of meaning
chagrin
embarrassment
embryonic
in an early stage of development
alloy
a combination of two or more things, usually metals
syntax
sentence structure
instigate
provoke or stir up (-)
accentuate
to emphasize
cull
to remove something that has been rejected
antipodal
the exact opposite; opposed
clandestine
secretive; surreptitious
jubilation
a feeling of extreme joy
recrimination
mutual accusations
turbid
(of liquids) cloudy, muddy, murky
august
impressive; majestic (+)
inaugurate
to install in office by formal ceremony; to initiate
ecclesiastical
relating to a church
magnate
a very wealthy or powerful businessman
ribald
humorously vulgar
coddle
to treat too gently or pamper (-)
burlesque
a form of low comedy that mocks a broad topic
construe
explain , interpret
ad-lib
to improvise or deliver spontaneously
bandy
discuss lightly
propriety
quality of being socially appropriate
distend
expand; swell out
tentative
uncertain: hesitant
defunct
no longer in existence or living
prurient
having or causing lustful thoughts and desires (-)
recidivism
habitual return to crime (-)
olfactory
relating to the sense of smell
abnegate
deny or renounce
shrewd
clever; astute
ponderous
slow and laborious because of weight
turpitude
wickedness, shamefulness (-)
spawn
to lay eggs; to engender or create; to give birth to; to produce
ascetic
practicing self-denial; austere
shibboleth
a favorite saying of a sect or political group
covenant
a solemn agreement, a contract, a pledge
chutzpah
nerve; audacity
provisional
tentative; temporary
sect
a subdivision of a larger religious group
puritanical
too morally rigorous and strict (-)
muster
to gather or bring together
edifice
a building
pluralism
belief that truth is discovered in the clash of diverse perspectives
eclectic
made up of a variety of sources or styles
chaff
worthless stuff (-)
felicity
happiness, appropriateness (+)
partition
a vertical structure that divides or separates (as a wall divides one room from another)
protocol
procedure; code of behavior
irascible
irritable, easily angered (-)
demure
modest and reserved
redolent
having or exuding fragrance; evocative, reminiscent.
cloister
a dormitory for monks or nuns
commiserate
to share in another's sadness or disappointment
dilate
make or become larger or wider; expand upon
underwrite
to give financial guarantee, insure
surfeit
Excess; an excessive amount
boor
rude, insensitive person (-)
nomenclature
a naming system or set of names
complement
to make complete or perfect (+)
reticent
habitually silent or reserved
congeal
to thicken from a liquid into a solid
cogent
convincing; reasonable (+)
deploy
place troops or weapons in battle formation
adroit
quick or skillful or adept in action or thought (+)
myriad
a large indefinite number
vicarious
experienced at secondhand
arraign
to call to court and accuse
vehement
forcefully expressing emotion
discrete
individually distinct
precipitate
to cause to happen abruptly
generic
characteristic of a whole group; not specific
proprietary
characteristic of an owner of property; constituting property
entrepreneur
a person who starts a business
resplendent
dazzling in appearance (+)
perfidy
treachery; betrayal of a trust (-)
egregious
conspicuously bad or offensive (-)
hermetic
sealed airtight; obscure and mysterious
cacophony
a loud harsh or strident noise
hoary
old and white-haired
cavil
to complain or criticize for trivial reasons (-)
preeminent
better than anyone else; outstanding; supreme (+)
banal
obvious and dull; hackneyed (-)
reactionary
an extreme conservative; a right-winger
disgruntled
upset, not content (-)
gastronomy
the study of food preparation and food culture
unwitting
not aware or knowing
doldrums
a condition of feeling sad, bored or sluggish (-)
respite
a (temporary) relief from harm or discomfort
demur
to hesitate; refuse
promulgate
to make known by public declaration, announce officially
taciturn
habitually silent, talking little
acrid
harsh or corrosive in tone, taste, or smell (-)
matriculate
to enroll in a college or university
temporize
to be indecisive or evasive in order to gain time (-)
acumen
cleverness and keen insight
figurative
not literal
influx
a flowing in; inflow
ambivalent
simultaneously having opposing feelings
peregrination
travel (especially by foot)
tantamount
equivalent
reprobate
a habitually immoral person (-)
patent
obvious; proof of invention
affidavit
written declaration made under oath
depose
dethrone; remove of office
denomination
a type or kind of religion or money
forensic
relating to courts of law or argument
gamut
a complete extent or range.
faux
not genuine or real (-)
apparition
ghost; phantom
tenable
reasonable, defensible
vitiate
to pervert, debase, corrupt, or make ineffective (-)
delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
curb
to restrain or control
apposite
appropriate; fitting (+)
appraise
to assess the value or quality of
blight
a disease in plants, anything that injures or destroys (-)
quandary
a state of confusion or doubt
depravity
wickedness, extreme corruption (-)
surreal
resembling a dream
stipend
regular payment; salary
tryst
a secret meeting of lovers
capitulate
surrender under agreed conditions
remuneration
payment, compensation
gratis
without charge; for free
gesticulate
to make gestures or hand motions
pedantic
showing off learning; bookish (-)
inordinate
beyond normal limits; excessive
viable
practical; workable; capable of sustaining life (+)
supersede
take the place of
debunk
to expose as false while ridiculing
emaciated
very thin; withered (-)
arid
extremely dry in climate
philistine
uncultured, ignorant person (-)
propound
to put forth for discussion
complacent
self-satisfied; smug (-)
confidant
one to whom you confide your secrets
dilettante
an amateur or dabbler (-)
obfuscate
to darken, make obscure, muddle (-)
catholic
broad; universal; inclusive
verisimilitude
the appearance of truth
mores
customs or habits of a culture
ratify
to approve formally
arbiter
someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue
karma
the effects that good or bad actions have on a person's soul or future lives
emulate
to imitate something admired
recant
to withdraw a statement or belief
transfix
to amaze with terror or awe
brouhaha
a noisy, chaotic situation

Deck Info

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