This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

Comst 102


undefined, object
copy deck
Audience Analysis
Know the diverse audience
Audience Feedback
Nonverbal and verbal cues that indicate audience member's reactions
Overall framework you use to organize your speech content
the specific language and style choices you use to frame your ideas and verbalize them to your audience
Public Speaking Apprehension
A type of communication anxiety, is the level of fear a person experiences when anticipating or actually speaking to an audience
Causes of Apprehension:
Thoughts about success/failure that go through your mind in a particular situation
Systematic Desensitization
Cognitive Restructuring
Rebuild Thoughts
Biological Process that occurs when the brain detects sound waves
Process of receiving, attending to, constructing meaning from, and responding to spoken nonverbal messages
Active Listening
Identifying the organization of ideas, asking questions, silently paraphrasing, attending to nonverbal cues, and taking notes
Critical Analysis
The process of evaluating what you have heard to determine a speech's completeness, usefulness, and trustworthiness
1. Credibility 2. Quality of content 3. Quality of Structure 4. Quality of Delivery
Constructive Critiques
evaluates how well a speaker meets a specific speaking goal while following the norms for good speaking and that recommends how the presentation could be improved
Audience Adaptation
Tailoring the speech's information to needs or interests of the listener
Demographic Information
Age and Education
Listener Relevance
How and why ideas are interesting
Assuming all members of a group behave alike simple because they belong to the group
Process of sending messages
Audiences of more than 10 people
With yourself
Small Group
3-10 people
Adapting the information in a speech so that audience members view it as important
Demonstrate Timeliness
Show how information is useful
Demonstrate Proximity
Relevance to personal life
Initial Audience Disposition
The knowledge and opinions of the audience
Problem Solving Groups
comprised of 4-7 people that are formed to carry out a specific task or solve a problem
Responsibilities of Group Members
1. Committed to a group goal 2. Discussion on Track 3. Complete Individual Tasks 4. Manage conflict among members 5. Encourage input from all members
Discussion in which a limited number of participants present individual speeches of approximately the same length dealing with the same subject and then discuss their reactions to what others have said and answer audience questions
Panel Discussion
Problem solving discussion in front of an audience. After the format discussion, the audience asks questions
Town Hall Meeting
Event where a large number of people who are interested in a topic convene to discuss and at times decide
Informative Speech
Speech whose goal is to explain or describe facts, truths, and principles in a way that stimulates interest
Methods of Informing
1. Definition 2. Compare/contrast 3. Narration-Recount events 4. Demonstration
Expository Speech
A informatory speech that provides carefully researched in depth knowledge about a complex topic
Oral Footnote
oral reference to the original source of particular information
Secondary Research
process of locating information that has been discovered by other people
Primary Research
The process of conducting your own study to acquire the info you need
Factual Statements
Info that can be verified
Narratives, Comparisons, Quotations
Organizational Pattern
1. Time Order 2. Narrative Order 3. Topic Order 4. Logical Reasons
A. Get Attention b. Establish Listener Relevance C. Establish Credibility D. Thesis/ Preview
Thesis/ Summary Clincher
A speech that is delivered with only seconds or minutes of advance notice for preparation and is usually presented without notes
A speech that is prepared by creating a complete written manuscript and delivered by reading a written copy
A speech that is researched and planned ahead of time but whose exact wording is not scripted and will vary from presentation to presentation
The speaker sounds spontaneous, relaxed, informal and allows speaker to talk with, not at the audience
Sounds as if the speaker is thinking as they speak
The scale highness or lowness of the sound a voice makes
degree of loudness
Speed you talk
create in your voice through changing pitch, volume, and rate as well as stressing words
Emphasis placed on certain words by speaking them more loudly than the rest of the sentence
Facial Expressions
Audiences expect them to vary and to be appropriate to what you are saying
Movements of hands, arms, and fingers that describe and emphasize what you are saying
Eye Contact
look directly at the people to whom the speech is directed
Position of the body
Presentational Aids
Any visual, audio, or audiovisual material used in a speech
Oral Style
The manner in which one conveys messages through spoken word
explicit meaning a language community formally gives a word
the feelings or evaluations we associate with words
a regional variety of a language
Specific Language
Clarifies meaning by narrowing what is understood from a general category to a particular term within that category
unique technical terminology of a trade of profession
Informal vocab assigned to words by a social group
Speech of Recognition
a ceremonial presentation that acknowledges someone and usually presents an award
Speech of Acceptance
A ceremonial speech given to acknowledge receipt of an honor or award
Speech of Tribute
Ceremonial speech that praises or celebrates a person, group, or event
ceremonial speech offered at the beginning of a ceremony
The process of influencing other peoples attitudes, beliefs, values or behavior
Monroe's Motivated Sequence
1. Attention 2. Need 3. Satisfaction 4. Visualization 5. Action
Appeal to emotions
Logical Appeal
A general or enduring feeling about something
The Description Method is the method of Informing that explains something by identifying its meaning
Volume is the highness or lowness of the sound of your voice in a musical scale
A comparison illuminates a point by showing similarities
What is not a characteristic of effective informative speaking identified in the book?
A_____ speech is an informative presentation that provides carefully researched in-depth knowledge about a complex topic
Speech Planning Process
The system that you use to prepare a speech
Narrative/Personal Experience Speech
a presentation in which you recount an experience you have had
Paying attention to what the speaker is saying regardless of extraneous interferences
A statement in your own words of the meaning you assigned to a message
an uncritical, nonevaluative process of generating associated ideas
Concept mapping
a visual means of exploring connections between a subject and a related idea
Rhetorical Questions
Questions phrased to stimulated a mental response rather than an actual spoken response
brief amusing stories
Description Method
informative method used to create an accurate, vivid, verbal picture of an object
Definition Method
A method of informing that explains something by identifying its meaning
Compare and Contrast Method
method of informing that explains something by focusing on how it is similar or different
Narration Method
a method of informing that explains something by recounting events
Demonstration Method
a method of informing that explains something by showing how it is done
Process Speech
a speech that explains and shows how something is done, is made, or works
Time Order
organizing the speech in a chronological sequence
Narrative Order
Organizing the main points as a story
Topic Order
organizing the main points by categories or divisions of a subject
Logical Reasons Order
Organizing the main points by reasons that support the speech goal
words or phrases that connect pieces of supporting material to the main point
Using the mouth to shape vocalized sounds that combine to produce a word
The inflection, tone, and speech habits typical of a the natives of a region
The form and accent of various syllables of a word
Incremental Change
moving reluctant listeners only a small degree in your direction
no opinion
uninterested about your topic
Terminal Credibility
Perception of credibility listeners have at the end of the speech
Initial Credibility
perception of credibility before you speak
Derived Credibility
messages you send about your expertise during your speech

Deck Info