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Beginnings of Modern American Democracy


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Election of 1824
4 candidates
Jackson, Quincy Adams, Clay, Crawford

no majority => House of reps
Corrupt Bargain
As Speaker, Clay gave election to Quincy Adams, though Jackson had plurarity

Adams named Clay Sec. of State
Quincy Adams
suspicious Federalist Activity
blocked by Congress
Election of 1828
Jackson won.
Beginning of the modern political party system.

Jackson won
First from the West
"Spoils system"
Jackson did not start it, but was criticized
Jacksonian democracy now replaced Jeffersonian democracy
Jeffersonian: middle/upper class educated property holders

Jacksonian: universal manhood suffrage
Indian Removal program
Supreme Court protected NA in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia and Worchester v. Georgia

Jackson ignored
Jackson killed the Second Bank of the US
and halted American system.
Abused the veto
Adams passed the Tariff of 1828. South hated it and used nullification. Jackson was all for states rights, but thought nullification was extreme
Tariff of 1832
South Carolina nullified it
Specie Circular
ended policy of selling land on credit: (must pay in gold/silver)
caused money shortage and economic hardship
Slavery controversy
North: abolitionist on the right

South: slave revolts
Nat Turner's Rebellion
Rallied a gang of blacks to kill whites

=> impact : slave codes
Election of 1836 - Martin Van Buren
Whigs: anti-Jackson (government activism)
Democrats: Jackson
Panic of 1837
van Buren favored hard (nonpaper) currency, exacerbating the situation
Election of 1840 - Tippecanoe and Tyler too
First Whig presidents
-Tyler was very states-righty, annoying people
"president without a party"

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