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world civ 2 final


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Don Quioxte
Invented perspective.
Painter, student of Titian.
Painter and etcher.
Realistic Landscapes.
Van Eyck
German, woodcuts, and engravings.
Sistine Chapel
School of Athens
Ideal Renanassiance man.
Da Vinci
Bible, Printing press.
Humanist, poet, "Laura".
What were the four main cities the Rennaissance took place in?
Milan, Florence, Venice, Genoa.
Ruling by a small group of people.
"rebirth" or ancient Greek and Roman ideas.
Protesting against the Catholic church.
Protestant Reformation
Where did the Protestant reformation start?
Where and When = 95 Thesis
October 31, 1517 at Wittenburg Church.
The man who invented the religion invovling the idea of predestination.
John Calvin
The religion which holds the belief that only adults should be baptized.
Created changed to strengthen their religion and stop the spread of Protestantism.
Counter Reformation
Reemphasized that the church could explain the Bibile, good works and faith bring salvation, and that the pope is the highest authority.
Council of Trent
Freedom of SPEECH, the right to petition, and gives the power to the people.
Bill of Rights 1689
Can't be arrested or imprisioned without good, legal reason.
Habeus Corpus
Church courts that punished heretics.
What were the effects of the Reformation? (there are 4)
1. religious unity vanished, divided catholic/protestant.
2. individual states were strengthened at the expense of the church.
3. spread of education
4. strengthened middle class
Censorship on books. A list of books not allowed to read.
House of Commons and House of Lords.
Reign of Charles II when teh English monarchy was restored, rebirth of English culture.
Freedom of speech, thought, and expression.
Rousseau's book on gov. People are naturally good, but enviro, edu, and laws corrupt them. Choose their own government, popular soverignty.
Social Contract
Locke: Life, liberty, and own property.
Natural Rights
French throne in 1589. Protestant who converted to Catholic. Couldn't solve taxation, but helped it a little.
Henry IV
Louis XIII's chief minister, political genious. Wanted to make the king supreme in France and to make France supreme in Europe. He wanted to accomplish by leading attacks and take powere away from Huguenots.
Cardinal Richelieu
King that signed the Habeus Corpus act
Charles I
After Queen Elizabeth died, who took over?
James I
The first two political party?
Tories and Whigs
Began in Prague as a Protestant rebellion against the Holy Roman Empire. WAR ENDS: Treaty of Weltphalia in 1648.
Thirty Years War
Absoulute power, built Versailles, "divine right," fought four wars to make natural borders.
Louis XIV
outside Paris, built by Louis XIV.
Palace of Versailles
Louis XIV advisor, goals to increase France industry at home annd abroad. Also worked to improve transportation.
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Called French-Indian War here, bean in NA over territory, spilled over to Europe and Prussia.
Seven Years War
Age of Reason that reached its height in the mid 1700's. Scientific method-questioning.
People have the natural ability to govern themselves, natural rights, if government witholds natural rights, people have right to overthrow the government. Dec of Indp.
John Locke
seperation of powers, checks and balances. Consititution.
"man is born free and everywhere, he is in chains."
Divine right, no funds from Parliment. Doesn't meant with Parliment for 11 years, 1640 called back. Petition of Right
Charles I
royalists/cavalier and the Roundheads. Cromwell, a roundhead, took control.
English Civil war
Roundhead/Puritan, POWER!, unliked by all, dismisses parliment, dictator, died 1658
Oliver Cromwell
After this, William and Mary became king/queen.
Glorious Revolution
1660, Charles I's son, good, no heir. Well-liked. Little struggle between parliment and king. began restoration which lasted 25 years.
Charles II
Catholic, Charles II's brother, absolute royal rule.
James II
The two people who first abandoned the geocentric theory.
Copernicus, Galileo.
Fixed amount of wealth in world, gain money by taking wealth from another country.
American documents using John Locke's natural rights theory.
Bill of Rights and Declaration of Independence.
Merchants and Lawyers, upper middle class.
Storming of the Bastille date
July 14, 1789
Napolean's final defeat by Duke of Wellington.
Battle of Waterloo
Jacobin, lead the Reign of Terror.
When things were made at home before the Industrial Revolution.
Cottage Industry
James Watt invention
Steam Engine
Adam Smith economic theory- government does not interfere.
Trench battle, bloody, Germany realized not gonna be a quick war.
Battle of Marne
The goal: German attempt to wipe out as many toops as possible. Picked ____ because they knew France would defend land at all cost.
Battle of Verdun
Peace agreement. June 28, 1919, not fair to Germany.
Treaty of Versailles

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