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Apartheid legislation


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Bantu Authorities Act
1951-allowed for the creation of traditional tribal, regional and territorial authorities initially run by the Native Affairs Department, but with the promise of self-government in the future. It came as a result of the Tomlinson Commission - Professor FR
Bantu Education Act
Established a Black Education Department in the Department of Native Affairs which would compile a curriculum that suited the "nature and requirements of the black people". The author of the legislation, Dr Hendrik Ve
Bantu homelans citizenship act
1970- strips blacks of SA citizenship
Group Areas Act
Forced physical separation between races by creating different residential areas for different races. Led to forced removals of people living in "wrong" areas, for example Coloureds living in District Six in Cape Town
immorality act
1950- no mixing of races  (sex)
Industrial Conciliation Act

Provided for job reservation. Excluded blacks from membership of registered trade unions, prohibited registration of black trade unions.
Commenced: 8 April 1924

Mines and Works Act

Permitted the granting of certificates of competency for a number of skilled mining occupations to whites and coloureds only.
Repealed by s 20 of the Mines and Works Amend

Native Administration Act

1.  Governor-General becomes the “Supreme Chief of the Natives” with power to remove, demote, or install “tribal” leaders; power to create, reorganize, relocate a tribe.

Native Lands Act           

1913- blacks could no longer own land except within their reserves
Native Urban Areas Act

Made each local authority responsible for the blacks in its area. ?Native advisory boards? regulated influx control and removed ?surplus? people, i.e. those who were not employed in the area. The country was divided into prescribed (urban) and n

Native Urban Areas Consolidation Act
Introduced influx control - applicable to black males only (Horrell 1978: 172). People who were deemed to be leading idle or dissolute lives or who had committed certain specified offences coul
Natives ACt
Commonly known as the Pass Laws, this ironically named act forced black people to carry identification with them at all times. A pass included a photograph, details of place of origin, employment record, tax payments,
population registration act
Led to the creation of a national register in which every person's race was recorded. A Race Classification Board took the final decision on what a person's race was in disputed cases.
prohibition of mixed marriages act
Promotion of Bantu Self Government
Classified black people into eight ethnic groups. Each group had a Commissioner-General who was tasked to develop a homeland for each, which would be allowed to govern itself independently without white intervention.

Suppression of Communism Act
Outlawed communism and the Community Party in South Africa. Communism was defined so broadly that it covered any call for radical change. Communists could be banned from participating in a political organisation and restricted

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