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RIDER / VT16 / MUSCULAR SYSTEMS

Terms

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NSAIDS
ANALGESICS, REDUCE PAIN, INFLAMMATION, FEVER, CAUSE GI ULCERATIONS, CATS VERY SENSITIVE, COX INHIBITORS
CARDIAC MUSCLES
INVOLUNTARY, STRIATED, HEART, INTERCALATED DISCS BETWEEN CELLS, PUMPS BLOOD THRU ENTIRE BODY
HYPOTROPHY
DECREASE IN MUSCLE SIZE, LOSS OF NERVE SUPPLY
"A" BAND
BAND ON MYOFIBRIL THAT CONTAINS MYOSIN
SKELETAL MUSCLE
VOLUNTARY, STRIATED, MULTINUCLEATED, REQUIRES NERVES FOR CONTRACTION, CONTROLS BODY MOVEMENT
ROTATION
MOVING A LIMB OR STRUCTURE ABOUT ON A POINT
SUPINATION
TO TURN THE PALM UPWARD
ETODOLAC / ETOGESIC
NSAID FOR OSTEOARTHRITIS IN DOG, LONGER LASTING THAN RIMADYL
ORGANOPHOSPHATE POISONING
INSECTICIDE POISONING, CAUSES TETANY, SLUD, GIVE ATROPINE SULFATE, 2PAM (PROTOPAM)
PYRAZOLONE DERIVATIVES
INJECTABLE OR PILL NSAIDS, PHENYLBUTAZONE & FLUNIXIN MEGLUMINE FOR HORSE OR LARGE ANIM BUT TOXIC TO CATS
TENDON
CORDS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT ATTACHES MUSCLE TO BONE
AGONIST
MUSCLES DIRECTLY RESPONSIBLE FOR PRODUCING DESIRED ACTION(TRICEPS)
ABDUCTION
MOVEMENT OF LIMB AWAY FROM MIDLINE
SMOOTH MUSCLE
INVOLUNTARY, NONSTRIATED, SINGLE NUCLEUS, ORGANS
ANTAGONIST
MUSCLES THAT MAY OPPOSE THE DESIRED ACTION (BICEPS)
PURKINJE FIBERS
MODIFIED CARDIAC MUSCLES THAT CONDUCT IMPULSES IN THE HEART
"I" BAND
BAND ON MYOFIBRIL THAT CONTAINS ACTIN
TETANY
CONTINUOUS MUSCLE CONTRACTION
ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE
INACTIVATES ACETYLCHOLINE TO RELAX MUSCLE
RIGOR MORTIS
STIFFINING AFTER DEATH DUE TO NO ATP TO FORCE CALCIUM BACK INTO TUBULES
MAGNESIUM
DECREASE RESULTS IN MYOPATHY
HYPERTROPHY
INCREASE IN MUSCLE SIZE FROM EXCESSIVE WORK OF THE HEART OR LIVING AT HIGH ALTITUDE
FLEXION
BENDING AT JOINT OR SPINE RESULTING IN DECREASE OF ANGLE
EOSINOPHILIC MYOSITIS
MAINLY GERMAN SHEPHARDS, IDIOPATHIC, ACUTE - SWELLING OF FACE, CHRONIC - ATROPHY OF FACE, INCREASED WBC, GIVE CORTICOSTEROIDS, ANTIBIOTICS
SALICYLATES / ASPIRIN
NSAID FOR MILD PAIN, COMBO WITH ANTACID, LESS GI UPSET
OPIOID AGONIST-ANTAGONISTS (SYNTHETICS)
MILD FEVER, FEW SIDE EFFECTS,AGONIST AT SOME RECEPTORS AND ANTAGONIST AT OTHERS, PARTIALLY REVERSE PURE AGONISTS, BUTORPHANOL, BUPRENORPHINE (BUPRENEX)
CORTICOSTEROIDS
FOR INFLAMMATION, PRURITIS, IMMUNE MEDIATED CONDITIONS, MANAGE SYMPTOMS BUT NOT CURE, MUST TAPER OFF, PREDNISONE
OPIOID ANALGESICS
ANESTHESIA, CONTROL OF SEVERE PAIN, BIND WITH RECEPTORS IN NERVOUS TISSUE, AGONISTS & MIXED
PRONATION
TO TURN THE PALM DOWNWARD
SYNERGIST
WORKS WITH AGONIST TO PRODUCE DESIRED MOVEMENT
EXTENSION
STRAIGHTENING AT JOINT RESULTING IN INCREASE OF THE ANGLE
ADDUCTION
MOVEMENT OF LIMB TOWARD MIDLINE
ACETYLCHOLINE
ENZYME RELEASED BY NEURON ON MUSCLE FIBER TO INITIATE MUSCLE CONTRACTION
WHITE MUSCLE DISEASE
NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY OF VIT E AND SELENIUM, IN CALVES PIGS & LAMBS, CAUSES STIFFNESS ARCHED BACK, DEATH, GIVE SODIUM SELENITE & VIT E INJECTIONS (BO-SE, INJACOM)
CALCIUM
MOST IMPORTANT ELECTROLYTE, MAJOR ROLE IN NORMAL MUSCLE FUNCTION, DECREASE CAUSES TETANY, CONVULSIONS
MUSCLE RELAXANTS
FOR ACUTE INFLAMMATORY CONDITIONS WITH MUSCLE SPASMS, AZOTURA IN HORSE AND IVDD, METHOCARBOMAL (ROBAXIN)
SELENIUM / VIT E
DECREASE RESULTS IN MUSCULAR DEGENERATION, WHITE MUSCLE DISEASE IN CATTLE
MUSCLE TRAUMA
ABNORMALITIES FROM DAMAGE, TRAUMA, INFLAMMATION OR IM INJECTION, DETECTED BY CK/CPK TEST (CREATINE PHOSPHOKINASE)
CARPROFEN / RIMADYL
NSAID, FOR OSTEOARTHRITIS IN DOGS, FEW GI SIDE EFFECTS, POSSIBLE LIVER NECROSIS
OPIOID AGONISTS
MORPHINE DERIVATIVES, CLASS II, BAD REACTION IN HORSE AND CAT, MAY CAUSE RESPIRATORY PROB, SEDATION, VOMITING, REVERSE WITH NARCAN/MALOXONE)
EXERTIONAL RHABDOMYOLYSIS
BUILD UP OF LACTIC ACID IN MUSCLE FROM VIGOROUS EXERCISE, IN EQUINE, OCCASIONALLY DOGS, USE CK & AST TESTS, AKA AZOTURIA, MONDAY MORNING, GIVE REST, FLUIDS, NSAIDS, LAXATIVES, SEDATION
SPHINCTERS
MUSCLES SURROUNDING AN OPENING
POTASSIUM
DECREASE CAUSES WEAKNESS, CHRONIC DIARRHEA

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