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Q, R, and S


undefined, object
copy deck
n scaffold
temporary platform for workers (to work at heights above the ground); bracing framework; platform for execution
s leash
restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); Ex. a dog on a leash
n sophomoric
immature; half-baked; like a sophomore
n sluggard
lazy person
n slither
slip or slide
line (of waiting people or vehicles)
s nimble
quick in movement; agile; quick in understanding; Ex. nimble climber/mind
logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument
s scheme
systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; Ex. health insurance scheme; Ex. a scheme to escape taxes; Ex. a color scheme; Ex. a story with no scheme; V: contrive a scheme
less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger
n smattering
slight knowledge; small scattered number or amount; Ex. smattering of German
n stock
standard; kept regularly in stock or supply; typical; routine; common; Ex. stock sizes of paper; Ex. stock excuse/character; N: goods for sale in a shop; OP. unique
n roseate
rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views
n stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
occurring irregularly; intermittent
s stump
base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle
n ravine
narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon
n resurge
rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again
place of refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place; Ex. The outlaw was granted sanctuary in the church.
s seasonal
of a particular season; Ex. seasonal rise in employment
n rectitude
moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
n recount
narrate or tell (a story); count over again
meeting place; meeting at a set time or place; V.
s backslide
revert (to bad habits); N. reverter
s resort
turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.
(of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output
n sagacious
wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity
s hide
skin of an animal
s lottery
contest in which winners are selected in a drawing of lots
n swelter
(of a person) suffer from oppressive heat; be oppressed by heat
quick clever reply
n stupor
state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness
n slag
glassy residue from smelting metal; dross; waste matter
n stint
set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings
power of endurance; strength; staying power
s sidetrack
switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; N. CF. siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track
n sinewy
(of meat) tough; strong and firm; muscular; N. sinew: tendon; strong cord connecting a muscle to a bone
n quash
crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court
s brim
uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); Ex. The glass was full to the brim; V: be full to the brim
n seedy
run-down; decrepit; disreputable; having many seeds; Ex. seedy downtown hotel
mass for the dead; dirge
moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction
haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium
s daze
stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; N.
lay eggs (in large numbers); produce offspring (in large numbers); N: eggs of aquatic animals
s stench
strong foul odor; reek; stink
n semblance
outward appearance; guise; Ex. We called in the troops to bring a/some semblance of order to the city.
n rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile
n shard
fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)
n solicitous
anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude
n sordid
filthy; foul; base; vile; Ex. sordid bed/story
plot outline; screenplay(script for a movie); opera libretto; outline of possible future events
n stymie
thwart; present an obstacle; stump
not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis; Ex. synthetic fiber; N.
n ramp
slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)
conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. scrupulous worker
come or bring together; call up or summon (forces, vital powers, etc.); revive or recuperate (after illness or difficulty); N: act of rallying; mass gathering
n retiring
shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality
n sedate
composed (with no excitement); grave; V: administer a sedative to; CF. sedative
s residual
remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue
s brand
trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; V: mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; Ex. The press branded him a liar.
relating to space
s run-down
(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted
n regiment
military unit; V: subject to strict order; Ex. regimented society
s remittance
remitting of money; amount of money remitted
n ragamuffin
dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes
n stodgy
dull; stuffy; boringly conservative; Ex. stodgy book
n savory
pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation
reclining; lying down completely or in part
s makeshift
temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); Ex. makeshift shelter
n skimp
provide or use scantily; live very economically; Ex. skimp on necessities; ADJ. skimpy: inadequate in amount; scanty; stingy; niggardly
odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque
replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; N. supersession
n sentient
capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; Ex. sentient creature; N. sentience
n retrograde
go backwards; recede; degenerate; deteriorate; ADJ.
s base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
n quiescent
dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence
s reverend
deserving reverence; N: priest
s remit
transmit (money) in payment; free someone from a debt or punishment
existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; V. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)
pitiless; merciless; cruel
n reprise
musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises
created by statute or legislative action; regulated by statute; Ex. statutory age limit
n reverie
daydream; abstracted musing
ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century
deceptive scheme; clever trick
n scuttle
sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; N: small hatch in a ship's deck or hull
n slur
slander; insult to one's character or reputation; V.
n slough
(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); N: outer layer that is shed
n solder
repair or make whole by using a metal alloy; N: metal alloy (usually tin and lead) used in the molten state to join metallic parts
s snuffle
sniffle; sniff repeatedly (in order to keep liquid from running out of the nose)
s requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
n soporific
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy
restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of
s relapse
return to a former state (esp. after improvement); N.
s rotund
(of a person) fat and round
n rift
narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation
s maraud
move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army
n strut
pompous walk; V: walk in a self-important manner
n slipshod
slovenly; careless; sloppy; untidy; shabby; Ex. slipshod work
n rapt
engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; Ex. rapt listener
n shrew
scolding woman; very small mouselike animal
n quotidian
daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine
approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance
devastate; plunder; despoil; Ex. crops ravaged by storms
n revelry
boisterous merrymaking; V. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; N: boisterous festivity or celebration
n stygian
unpleasantly dark; gloomy; hellish; deathly; CF. Styx: the chief river in the subterranean land of the dead
respectful; worshipful; V. revere: regard with reverence; N. reverence: profound respect
s smother
kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers
n salient
prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features
n sedulous
diligent; assiduous; paying attention; N. sedulity
n subterfuge
stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge
looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect
sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate
fall apart into tangles; entangle; unravel or untwist
n slapdash
hasty and careless; haphazard; sloppy(carelessly done)
censure; rebuke; N. reproof
n skulk
move furtively and secretly; Ex. He skulked through the less fashionable sections of the city.
n suavity
urbanity; polish; ADJ. suave: smooth and courteous
n splice
join together end to end to make one continuous length; fasten together; unite; Ex. splice two strips of tape; N.
n succulent
juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
n shackle
chain; fetter; confine with shackles; N.
n reticent
inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence
make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization
n suture
stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; V: sew together a wound
ransack; thoroughly search
s rhapsody
excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)
fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)
slavery; compulsory labor imposed as a punishment
s enact
make (a bill) into law
n susceptible
impressionable; easily influenced; sensitive; having little resistance as to a disease; likely to suffer; receptive to; capable of accepting; Ex. susceptible to persuasion/colds; Ex. The agreement is not susceptible of alteration; N. susceptibility
s penology
study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation
petition humbly; pray to grant a favor
s resurrect
make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs
severe disapproval; CF. approbation
place over something else
n rubric
title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol
negligent; careless about a duty
n rhapsodize
speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery
s slack
moving slowly; sluggish; inactive; (of a rope) loose; negligent; lax; Ex. slack season; Ex. slack in one's work; N. V.
n scourge
lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; V: whip; afflict
resorting to help when in trouble; Ex. without recourse to
arise from; originate from
n suffuse
spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.
s memoir
memoirs; autobiography; biography
n seemly
(of behavior) proper; appropriate
n shun
keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.
done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden
clever; astute
one who harvests grain; Ex. the Grim Reaper; V. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop
n riddle
pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout; Ex. The gunman riddled the car with bullets; Ex. The whole report is riddled with errors; N. large sieve (separating earth from stone)
devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; Ex. sensual woman/curves/lips
n roster
list (of names)
n rabid
of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; CF. rabies: hydrophobia
n solace
comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble
harshness; intensity; sternness; austerity; ADJ. severe: harsh; strict; extremely violent or intense
n ruddy
reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking
n steadfast
steadily loyal; unswerving; steady
n substantive
substantial; essential; pertaining to the substance; substantial; considerable; Ex. substantive issues
refine; purify; replace (natural urges) with socially acceptable activities; change between a solid state and a gaseous state
n rivulet
small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river
n quarantine
isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; V: isolate in quarantine
n ruffian
violent scoundrel; bully
n quiver
tremble; shake; N.
ghostly; N. specter: spectre; ghost; phantom
n rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.
rescue (goods or property) from loss; N: saving; property saved
n ruminate
chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)
of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; N. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline
s chorus
phrase repeated throughout a song or poem
n spendthrift
someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth
n rostrum
raised platform for speech-making; pulpit
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
satisfy (thirst); quench; sate
n saunter
stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.
s sonnet
14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern
evil; ominous
put an end to forcibly; subdue; stifle; overwhelm; inhibit the expression of; check; prevent from being published or made public; Ex. suppress a smile; Ex. suppress the magazine/truth
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism; broad and continuous range; Ex. whole spectrum of modern thoughts
n scruple
hesitate for ethical reasons; fret about; Ex. She did not scruple to read his diary; N: uneasy feeling arising from conscience; conscience
related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; Ex. seminal research in a new field
give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; Ex. render the song beautifully
n slacken
slow up; loosen; make or become slack
n scotch
stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; Ex. scotch the rumor; CF. cut; CF. È°µ¿À» ÁÙÀÌ´Â ÀǹÌ
n saturnine
morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.
brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious
n savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality
taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.
n sylvan
pertaining to the woods or the country
n quarry
dig into (to get stone); N: mine; ä¼®Àå
s stamp
step on heavily (so as to crush or extinguish); put an end to; imprint or impress with a mark, design, or seal; shape with a die; characterize; Ex. machine stamping out car bodies; Ex. newspaper stamping him as a liar; N. stamping; implement used to stamp; impression stamped; mark; Ex. Her remarks bear the stamp of truth.
s mass
Christian religious ceremony; CF. Mass: ceremony of the Eucharist
s recline
lie down
n refractory
unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse
determination; resolution; firmness of purpose
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
n quixotic
idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote
below the threshold of conscious perception; Ex. subliminal advertisement
n quisling
traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling
n stigma
token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful
scold harshly; criticize severely
cancel; retract; CF. irrevocable
n superannuated
retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete
s plane
carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; V. CF. flat
rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
willing to obey orders; yielding; timid
entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer
one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)
substance that dissolves another; ADJ: capable of dissolving another substance
n silt
sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)
n stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
s tatter
torn piece of cloth; ADJ. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes
n renege
break a promise; deny; go back on; Ex. renege on the contract/paying off the debt
conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious
n raucous
(of voice) harsh and unpleasant; (of people) disorderly and boisterous; Ex. raucous shouts
become less severe; give in(surrender); ADJ. relentless: unyielding; continuously severe
spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually
n recalcitrant
disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child
n spurious
false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments
n swerve
deviate; turn aside sharply from a straight course; Ex. swerve from the principle; Ex. The car swerved to the right.
n renegade
deserter; traitor; ADJ.
recover; return to health; regain; Ex. recuperate losses
make young again
n restive
impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'
list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared to present; CF. repertory
s resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
n somber
dark; gloomy; melancholy; depressing; CF. shadow
tranquillity; calmness
n staid
serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony
s voluptuous
sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person
direct financial aid by government, etc.; V. subsidize: assist with a subsidy
n queasy
experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; Ex. feel a little queasy
entreating; beseeching; N.
lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; CF. slug: nail with no shell
n reverberate
echo repeatedly; resound; Ex. The thunder reverberated across the valley.
n sepulcher
tomb; V: place in a sepulcher; ADJ. sepulchral
deserving blame; blameworthy; V. reprehend: blame
supposed; Ex. reputed father of the child; V. repute: consider; N. repute: reputation; esteem
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
n sinuous
twisting; winding; bending in and out; not morally honest
kingdom; field or sphere; Ex. not within the realms of possibility
n sextant
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
s rare
(of air) thin in density; rarefied; Ex. rare air of the mountains
s transpose
reverse the order or position of
n squabble
minor quarrel; bickering; V: engage in a minor quarrel; Ex. squabbling children
flexible; limber; pliant
lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned
s repose
resting; state of being at rest; calmness; V: lie at rest; relax; put or place; Ex. repose our hopes in a single man
reproduce; duplicate
n reparation
compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair
occurring again and again
revive; bring back to life or consciousness; Ex. resuscitate the drowned child
s lot
object used in making a determination at random; fate; piece of land
take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace
withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity
n sully
defile; soil; tarnish; Ex. sully one's hands in menial labor
n sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state
n ravenous
extremely hungry; voracious
support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify
n suborn
persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); N. subornation
conquer; bring under control
n rankle
irritate; fester; annoy
being only one; individual; unique; extraordinary; odd; Ex. singular beauty/behavior
causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter
not thick; thinly scattered; scanty
n quench
assuage or satisfy (thrust); slake; douse or extinguish; put out; suppress
guess; N.
drive away; disgust; Ex. repel the attack/moisture; Ex. repelled by the dirty room; CF. repulsion
n scintillate
sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life; Ex. scintillating conversation
branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; Ex. ramifications of a business/the decision
n sportive
playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike
n spry
(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble
n squat
short and thick; stocky; Ex. ugly squat tower; V. N.
hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive
indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about
n revile
attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)
n subpoena
writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; V: summon with a subpoena
n reprobate
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
n reek
emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench
n rarefied
made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction
n swill
drink greedily
n stifle
suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate
n rousing
lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up
abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors
s lopsided
heavier or larger on one side than the other; Ex. lopsided way of walking
n stentorian
(of the voice) extremely loud; CF. Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad
s legato
(of music) played smoothly
sentry; lookout
defensive mound of earth
set right; correct; CF. rect-: right
comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as
Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative
fame; ADJ. renowned
n spruce
neat and trim in appearance; smart; Ex. Be spruce for your job interview; V.
n stanza
division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)
n querulous
given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining
n sham
pretend; feign; ADJ: not genuine; fake; Ex. sham jewelry; N: something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; Ex. The agreement was a sham.
fill up again
n rotunda
circular building or hall covered with a dome
behaving like a slave; servile; obsequious; subordinate; N. subservience
s pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
state of being alone; seclusion; ADJ. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; Ex. solitary life/inn; Ex. no solitary piece of proof
s stampede
sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises
n scintilla
trace; minute amount; shred; least bit; Ex. There is not a scintilla of truth; CF. spark
n rife
(of something bad) widespread; abundant; current
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
s score
number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold
n shaving
very thin piece, usually of wood (cut from a surface with a sharp blade)
perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning
yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. succumb to the illness
n sartorial
pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor
n quaff
drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment); ²Ü²©²Ü²© ¸¶½Ã´Ù; CF. sip
n stilted
bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal
(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; Ex. stringent economic conditions
n rue
regret; lament; mourn; Ex. He will rue the day; N. ADJ. rueful
s char
make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion
dexterity; CF. sleight of hand: legerdemain; quickness of the hands in doing tricks
moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol); seriousness
n rhetoric
art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who knows it ?''
n smirk
conceited smile; offensively self-satisfied smile (often at someone else's misfortune); V.
quick or willing to receive (ideas, suggestions, etc.); Ex. receptive to the proposal
n satyr
half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man
limited; restricted; V. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify
n spate
sudden flood or rush; Ex. spate of accidents
n scad
a great quantity; Ex. scads of clothes
n surfeit
satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food
n recast
reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again
s rational
(of a person) having reason; (of ideas) based on reason; logical
rebound; reaction; reverberation; Ex. serious repercussion
n quiver
case for arrows
n slovenly
untidy; careless in work habits; slipshod; N. sloven: one who is habitually untidy or careless
n ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious
n squalor
condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story
n seminary
school for training future ministers; secondary school, especially for young women
n sever
separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); N. severance; CF. severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position
severity; Ex. rigors of the Russian winter
n quibble
minor objection or complaint; V: raise minor objections; carp; cavil
s draw
choosing of a lot or card
n sumptuous
grand suggesting great expense; lavish; rich; Ex. sumptuous feast
n spartan
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life
action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; ADJ. stealthy
n refrain
abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus
strong; vigorous
n sallow
(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice
n symbiosis
interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life
s comeback
retort; quick clever reply; return to former status
n skittish
inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit
providing a general overview; summary; N. synopsis
s season
enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; N. seasoning: something used in seasoning
point or time at which the sun is farthest from the equator
n sinecure
well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif
n raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
s hull
husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship
odorous; fragrant; suggestive (of an odor); Ex. redolent of onions/mystery
n swarthy
(of a skin or complexion) dark; dusky; Ex. swarthy Italian ?
(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble
n slight
insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance
approve formally; confirm; verify
s rasp
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.
n quadruped
four-footed animal; ADJ. CF. biped
return of part of a payment; discount; V.
self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; Ex. without reserve: freely and openly; ADJ. reserved: shy and uncommunicative
of the surface; not deep; shallow; not thorough; trivial; Ex. superficial analysis/knowledge
n restitution
returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury
s mason
one who builds or works with stone or brick; N. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork
pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person
n smelt
melt (ore) for separating and removing the metal; melt or blend ores changing their chemical composition
s stun
make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound
close observation of a person (esp. one under suspicion); watching; guarding
assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.
n surrogate
substitute; person or thing used in place of another; Ex. surrogate mother; ADJ.
n retrench
cut down; cut down expenses; economize
branch out; divide into branches or subdivisions
n shyster
lawyer using questionable methods; unscrupulous practioner
n rebus
representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; Ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.
combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed; PL. syntheses; V. synthesize
n strident
loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency
n rancid
having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank
state as a necessary condition (of an agreement); make express conditions; specify; Ex. He stipulated payment in advance
following in time or order; later
n somnolent
half asleep; drowsy; N. somnolence
s suffocate
die or kill from lack of air; suppress
n sundry
miscellaneous; various; several; N. sundries: small miscellaneous items
n sheathe
place into a case; insert into or provide with a sheath; Ex. He sheathed his dagger; N. sheath: case for a blade
n relegate
put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division
n retroactive
taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future
n smolder
smoulder; burn slowly without flame; be liable to break out at any moment; exist in a suppressed state; Ex. smoldering anger
n subsume
include (as a member of a group); encompass
n requite
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
s tarnish
make or become dull or discolored; N.
n strut
supporting bar; CF. airplane wingÀ̳ª building µîÀ» support
n relic
surviving remnant (from an extinct culture); memento; keepsake; relics: corpse; Ex. ancient relics; Ex. relics of his travel; Ex. His relics are buried at X.
s repulse
reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); CF. repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion
n rig
fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. rig the election
s denomination
religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic
n retentive
holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory
waste; spend foolishly
n sleeper
one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable
n sadistic
inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty
n sage
person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise
talking to oneself (esp. in a play); CF. monologue: soliloquy; long speech by one person (often monopolizing a conversation)
n stanch
stop or check flow of blood; Ex. stanch the gushing wound
n striated
marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; Ex. striated rocks; V. striate; N. stria: thin groove or line
stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism
s rickety
(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D
n sleazy
shabby and dirty; flimsy; insubstantial; Ex. sleazy back-street hotel/fabric
n slur
pronounce indistinctly; speak indistinctly; mumble
n simper
smirk; smile in a silly way; smile affectedly
n sunder
separate; part; CF. asunder
able to pay all depths; N. solvency
n ramshackle
(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart
s reminiscent
suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence
s resign
give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
disown; disavow; deny
n refectory
dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)
n subversive
tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?
n rancor
long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous
s squash
crush; quash; suppress
n runic
mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; N. rune: one of the letters of an alphabet used by ancient Germanic peoples (cut on stone or wood); magic charm
elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language
n ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically
n sap
diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); Ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.
n steep
soak; saturate; Ex. steep the fabric in the dye bath; ADJ: precipitous
occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive; N. V: put in a lower rank or class
n sybarite
lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; CF. Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy
n stipend
pay for services
n surly
bad-tempered; rude; cross
protest; objection; V. remonstrate: say in protest
n secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
n scabbard
case for a sword blade; sheath
of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy
n spangle
small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
n reciprocate
do or give something in return; repay in kind; give or take mutually; interchange; move backwards and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights
hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule
n refurbish
renovate; make clean, bright, or fresh (make new) again; make bright by polishing; Ex. refurbish an old theater; CF. furbish: polish
n sodden
thoroughly soaked; dull or stupid as if from drink
n slew
large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left
s feebleminded
deficient in intelligence; very stupid
soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity
serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.
n rebuttal
refutation; response with contrary evidence; V. rebut: refute; disprove
n rapacious
voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; Ex. rapacious birds
reprove severely; rebuke; N.
s sonic
of sound or its speed in air; CF. subsonic, supersonic
one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype people; Ex. stereotyped answer
s cross
bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry
strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical
n sere
sear; parched; dry
act of finding the total; summing-up; summary (esp. one given by the judge at the end of a trial)
n scoff
laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats
state of reacting readily to appeals, orders, etc.; ADJ. responsive: readily reacting; Ex. responsive to treatment
s elastic
able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material
n quagmire
bog; marsh; soft, wet, boggy land; predicament; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself
abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; Ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; N. renunciation
s taunt
deride or provoke; challenge in derision; N.
royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner
n raiment
clothing; garments; Ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.
n retribution
deserved punishment for wrongdoing; punishment for offenses; compensation; vengeance; CF. pay back
deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach
worldly wise and urbane; refined; complex; N. sophistication; V. sophisticate
separate religious body; faction; group of people with common beliefs within a larger group
n supine
lying on back; passive; inactive; Ex. The defeated pugilist lay supine; Ex. supine acceptance of the decision
n simian
monkeylike; N: ape or monkey
disprove; prove to be false; N. refutation
n regatta
boat or yacht race
servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
s frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement
n supposititious
assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical
n strew
spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter; Ex. flower girl strewing rose petals
n spoonerism
accidental transposition of sounds in successive words; Ex. ``Let me sew you to your sheet'' for ``Let me show you to your seat''; CF. William Spooner
n supernumerary
person or thing excess of what is necessary; extra; ADJ: additional to the usual or necessary number
n seethe
be violently disturbed; boil; (of a liquid) move about wildly as if boiling; Ex. The nation was seething with discontent.
s whine
complain (in a sad voice); make a high sad sound (as in pain or supplication)
n rant
speak violently or excitedly; rave; talk excitedly showing anger; scold; make a grandiloquent speech; Ex. The priest ranted about the devil.
s snub
ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; N.
climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones
n scurry
move hastily; hurry; move briskly
determination; resoluteness; ADJ. resolute: firm or determined in purpose
n skulduggery(skullduggery)
dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election
bending of a ray of light
n relish
enjoy; savor; N: enjoyment; zest
desecrating; profane; N. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred
slavish; cringing; N. servility
n suffragist
advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage
n repast
meal; feast; banquet
n scapegoat
someone who bears the blame for others; whipping boy; CF. escape+goat
n snicker
half-stifled(suppressed) laugh; V.
cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin
pertaining to the body; bodily; physical
inquiry; question; V.
n serrated
having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf
n stint
supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint
n rampant
growing or spreading uncontrollably; growing in profusion; unrestrained; Ex. rampant lawlessness/weed
n spasmodic
fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; N. spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion
n subaltern
revoke; annul
n quarry
person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey
respectable; having a good reputation
s supplicant
one who supplicates; ADJ.
cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic
n regale
n rent
tear made by rending; rip; split
defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; V. ADJ. slanderous
relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion
sleepwalker; V. somnambulate; N. somnambulism
n quizzical
curious; suggesting puzzlement (without saying); questioning; teasing; mocking; bantering; Ex. quizzical glance
n stalwart
physically strong; brawny; steadfast; strong in mind or determination; Ex. stalwart supporter; N: stalwart follower
restore to good condition; renew
n rave
overwhelmingly favorable review; V: talk wildly as if mad; Ex. raving lunatic
n septic
of or causing sepsis; putrid; producing putrefaction; N. sepsis: poisoning of part of the body (producing pus)
n regimen
prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer
n respite
time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve
seriousness; gravity
n seine
seine net; net for catching fish
distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')
survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering; V. reconnoiter: make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)
s lookout
act of keeping watch; high place commanding a wide view; person who keeps watch
murder of a king or queen
n shoddy
made of inferior material; sham; not genuine; inferior; dishonest; Ex. shoddy goods/trick
fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action
n serendipity
gift for finding valuable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck; CF. The Three Princes of Serendip
temporary moderation (of disease symptoms); remitting of a debt or punishment; cancelation of a debt; pardon; Ex. The disease went into remission; Ex. Christians pray for the remission of sins.
n studied
carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark
n sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
breathing; exhalation; ADJ. respiratory
n sojourn
temporary stay; V: stay for a time
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation
n sear
burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither
s scorch
sear; N.
optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red
n stipple
paint or draw with dots or short strokes
n sidereal
relating to stars; Ex. sidereal day
habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist
n revulsion
sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture
n shambles
(place or scene of) complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess; Ex. After the hurricane, the coast was a shambles.
meager; insufficient
n roil
make liquids murky by stirring up sediment; disturb
n quail
cower; shrink back in fear; lose heart
arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; ADJ. symmetrical
split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow
(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous
n qualms
uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; Ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.
hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion
put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat
sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food
s seasonable
occurring at the proper time or season; opportune; Ex. seasonable intervention in the dispute
s bog
soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud
n rejoinder
reply; retort; comeback; V. rejoin: say in reply
s reinstate
restore to a previous condition or position
isolation; solitude; V. seclude: set apart from others; isolate
banish to the country; dwell in the country
n stricture
severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction
s doze
sleep lightly; nap
s recess
pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; Ex. parliament in recess; V. CF. recessive
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
n spat
squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel
wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress
n salacious
lascivious; lustful; Ex. salacious monk
elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)
feign; imitate
divided into classes; arranged into strata; V. stratify
assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose
postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of
n rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
quick sharp reply; V.
s rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross
s ration
fixed portion; V: distribute as rations
mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement
n quintessence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence
n serpentine
winding; twisting; of or like a serpent; Ex. serpentine course of the river; N. serpent: snake
n sluice
artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water (with a gate to regulate the flow)
seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism
small body revolving around a larger one
n sententious
pithy; terse; concise; aphoristic
n sequester
isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life
n solecism
nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette
similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize
n supererogatory
superfluous; more than needed or demanded
n rile
irritate; vex; muddy
n quandary
dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.
n savant
scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know
suffer (harm or loss); experience; support; prop; maintain; keep in existence; nourish (to maintain life); Ex. sustain the family/the trapped miners
close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony
following; attendants
n scuffle
struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; N. CF. scuffling twins ?
blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; N. ADJ. reproachful
n stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression
n quorum
minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting
driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; N.
s bank
heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning
n sanctimonious
displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety
effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon
n scurrilous
abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark
n shimmer
shine with a flickering light; glimmer intermittently; Ex. The moonlight shimmered on the water; N.
n riveting
holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing
n scurvy
contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C
s herald
messenger; sign of something to come; V: announce; proclaim; Ex. unheralded researcher
layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata
s rig
arrangement of masts and sails; V: equip (a ship) with rigging; ADJ. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails
pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; Ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
brother or sister
destroy completely; Ex. raze the city to the ground
capable of being repaired
n scavenge
hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion
n sardonic
scornfully mocking; disdainful; sarcastic; cynical; Ex. sardonic smile
n stoke
stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully
n rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
n rebuff
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
excessive; overabundant; unnecessary; N. superfluity
s rake
immoral or dissolute person
able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved
withdrawal; V. secede: withdraw formally from membership
n quell
suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. ``Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper; CF. kill
n sate
satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy
n ruse
trick to deceive; stratagem
n stockade
wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier
n staccato
played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound; Ex. staccato applause
giving pleasure to the senses; pertaining to the physical senses; operating through the senses; sensuous feeling of soft velvet on the skin
n seep
pass slowly through small openings; ooze; trickle; N. seepage
method of system or government
n salubrious
healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health
n sonorous
resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound
n rail
complain bitterly; scold; rant; Ex. the weaker railing against injustices
bloody; with much bloodshed
n repine
fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work
n skinflint
miser; stingy person
s stink
stench; V: emit a strong foul odor
minor fight; minor battle in war; V.
examine closely and critically; N. scrutiny
s sledge
large sled drawn by work animals
n spatula
broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
s recreant
disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person
s pulpit
raised platform used in preaching (in a church)
remainder; balance
give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm
dock; wharf; pier; landing place (for boats)
satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated
n sibylline
prophetic; oracular; N. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)
n raspy
making a harsh noise; grating; harsh
slow moving tree-dwelling mammal; laziness; ADJ. slothful: lazy; indolent
pertaining to earthquakes
calmness; placidity; ADJ. serene
n salutary
tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health
s rake
angle of a slope; V: slant from the perpendicular
repay; pay back
n sphinx-like
enigmatic; mysterious
disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive
necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary
having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; N. relevance, relevancy
n quirk
sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate
recollection; V. reminisce: recollect the past
(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance
n snivel
complain or whine tearfully; run at the nose; snuffle; Ex. Don't come back sniveling to me.
n stolid
dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected
s gleam
brief flash of light; glow; V.
requiring sitting; done while sitting; not moving from one place to another; settled; Ex. sedentary job/population
n sherbet
flavored dessert ice
s ruminant
animal that ruminates; ADJ.
charlatan; impostor
s rank
offensive in odor or flavor
s refuse
anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash
n schism
division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split
n redoubtable
formidable; causing fear
without definite purpose, plan, or aim; haphazard; Ex. random shots; Ex. chosen at random
n sensitization
process of being made sensitive or acutely responsive to an external agent or substance; V. sensitize: make or become sensitive
n redress
remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for
s squelch
produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash; CF. ÁøÈëÀ» À§¿¡¼ ¹âÀ» ¶§
n skiff
small light sailboat or rowboat
n shunt
move (a railway train) from one track to another; turn aside; divert; sidetrack; Ex. shunt traffic around an accident; N.
n quip
taunt; clever sarcastic remark; V.
s raffle
lottery; V: award as a prize in a raffle; Ex. raffle off a new car
law enacted by the legislature
n stupefy
stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze
s sober
serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober
old age; feeblemindedness of old age; ADJ. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; Ex. senile dementia
sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; ADJ. skeptical; N. skepticism; scepticism
n swathe
swath; wrap around; bandage; Ex. one's head swathed in bandages
s sectarian
of a sect; narrow-minded; parochial; N: member of a sect; narrow-minded person
n seamy
sordid; base; filthy; unwholesome; Ex. seamy side of city life
influenced by personal feelings; occurring or taking place within the mind; unreal; Ex. subjective sensation of the ghostly presence
s ransack
search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.
s sleigh
large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice
repay in kind (usually for bad treatment); V. retaliate
n shirk
avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger
n spurn
reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.
s fashion
give shape to; make; Ex. fashion the pot out of clay
countercharges; V. recriminate
using satire; mocking
s shuffle
mix together; jumble; move (something) from one place to another; slide (the feet) along the ground while walking; Ex. shuffle papers from one pile to another; N.

Deck Info