This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

Chapter 10, 11,12, 13, 14 and history id dates

combination of everything


undefined, object
copy deck
John Wycliffe
This English reformer was at Oxford University where he translated the Bible into Anglo-Saxon, and spread new, radical teachings such as that Jesus is the head of the church, clergy should not be wealthy landowners, and the Bible is the final authority for Christian life.
succeeded Tai Cong
John Wycliffe
English reformer _______ criticized the Church's wealth, corruptions or the clergy, and the Pope's claim to absolute authority
The viking King Rurik eastablished his capital at ____, and it became Russia's first important city
links between Islam, Christanity, and Judaism
monotheistic, equal rights of followers, Holy book, heaven/Hell, appeal to the poor, common ground in Jerusalem
Canterbury Cathedral
Center of Catholic Church in England.
After the fall of the ___ dynasty in AD 220 Korea formed seperate kingdoms and adopted many elements of Chinese cultures
Li Bo
one of Chinas famour poets, wrote poems of Taoism, and died while drinking
blue green glaze
Korean artisans during the Koryo Dynasty were well known for pottery with a
Boniface VIII
Philip IV
lay investiture
In 1075 Pope Gregory banned ___ ____ the practice in which the king and nobles appointed church officials
Entrance into the Tang dynasty civil service was based on
The body, body part, or object associated with a saint, martyr or holy person.
a Muslim military group that ruled Egypt, halted the Mongols
The tale of Genji
this monumnetal work of the Heian era is considered the worlds first novel
King Sejong
one of the great Yi rulers, ordered bronze instruments to be used in measuring rain, and created simplified writing
Three Kingdom period
In the AD 668 the kingsom of Silla conquered all of Korea and ended the
The Khanate of the Great Khan
THe mongol territory that included China, Tibet, and Korea was called
Ivan III
he refused to pay taxes to the mongols and united all the principlatities under his rule
Zen Buddhism
Practicing ___ ____ requires samurai to free their minds from distraction and act instinctivly
Muslim scientists used the ____ to determine the size and circumference of the earth
a powerful local noble in feudal Japan
These began to appear out of manors as Feudalism declined.
1187 AD
Korean Admiral who fought off Japanese invaders using "turtle ships"
AD 910 the center of church reform was a Benedictine monastery at ____ in France
William the Conqueror
1066 AD
In the early 1100s the Song Chinese moved south and established their capital at
This battle was fought in 1346 where the English King Edward III and his son Edward the Black Prince fought the French and Philip VI. The English defeated the French with their longbows.
members of the elite class of civil servents in Chinese government
Lady Shikibu Murasaki
wrote tale of the Genji
Pepin the Short
754 AD
Kublai Khan
1260 AD
Third Crusade
AKA the Crusade of the Three Kings
Great Schism
The ____ ____ was a period during which a Pope was elected in Rome and another in France
House of Wisdom
Library, academy and translator in Baghdad
On his way to becoming a master, this person would be bound by a legal contract to work for a master for no pay.
Constantiople was strategically located on the shores of the ____, a narrow strait that linked the Sae of Marmara and the Black Sea
First Japanese imperial capital
"So while he was emperor , the whole earth ran red... with blood"
Genoa; Venice
Mediterranean trade after AD 1200 was controlled by Italian towns including
the knights code of conduct
Li Yuan
establish the Tang dynasty, led peasant revolt
Magna Carta
AD 1215 English nobles forced the king to sign the ____ ____
glory; power; recognition
These three non-religious motives became the main reasons that Monarchs went on the crusades
The Middle Ages were known as the age of _____.
Thomas Beckett
English clergy man murdered by knights of Henry VII
groups based on family ties
Eleanor of Aquitaine
1204 AD
In order to seek out and punish heretics, the Church developed a court in AD 1232 known as the
Spanish assembly of nobles, had the right to review royal policies
This battle was fought in 1415 when English King Henry V and his archers won a victory over French knights when they were outnumbered 1:5.
What were the race of people called that formed the garrison at Jerusalem.
Peter Abelard; Thomas Aquinas
two important scholastic thinkers were _______ and _____
the Don; the Dnieper; the Volga
Three of Russia's greatest rivers are... (alpha order)
Area on the northwestern coast of Europe that became a wealthy textile center
Dante Alighieri
the Divine Comedy
Urban II
" I exhort you.... to strive to expel that wicked race from our Christian lands... Christ commands it" who said this, inspiring the first crusade
These were built on castles to be overhanging so that people could rain arrows and boiling oil down on the attackers.
Seljuk Turks
In the AD 1000s, the ____ _____ conquered Palestine and attacked the BYZ empire
thomas beckett
Archbishop of Canterbury
Forbidden City
Largest palace complex in the world, network of royal buildings that 1 million workers build in 14 years
Tang capital
Islamic tradtion holds that in AD 610 Muhammad experienced a revelation proclaimed "___"
Charles VI
This weak French ruler disinherited his son Charles VII, the Dauphin. King Henry V of England would become King of France after his death.
Knights of Malta
after the end of the Crusades the Hospitalers moved their headquarters to anisland i nthe Mediterranean and became known as
Giovanni Boccaccio
This man wrote the Decameron about the Black Death in France.
Richard I
On Third Crusade, he alone and his army made it to Jerusalem.
How many months did the First Crusade siege of Jerusalem last?
Genghis Khan's birthname
in some areas of Europe towns people demanded ____ from kings and nobles, dovuments that gave them control over their own affairs
BYZ historian
Crusaders on the ____ Crusade sacked the city of Constantinople, an atrocity that led to the downfall of the BYZ empire
Medieval town
Mongol commander who conquered East Slavic lands
In AD 1054 doctrinal, politcal, and geographical differences finally led to a ___or split between Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox
These people helped unify the European peoples and weaken Feudalism.
Yoritomo Minamoto
head of Minamoto family, gave title shogun
a wealthy trading center known for decorated mosques and tombs
code of conduct
fight fairly, be generous to enemies, protect and cherish noble women and the church, be steadfast, loyal, and always true to their word is part of the knights
Frederick Barbarossa
On Third Crusade, he fell into a river and drowned.
religion practiced by Japanese, good for nature and living things
Alfred the Great
In AD 866 ____ ___ ____ united the Anglo Saxon kingsoms
Tang Dynasty
Wu Zhao
Eugenius IV; Louis VII; Conrad III
Pope _______ __ called for the second crusade, in which French King _____ ___ and Holy Roman Emperor _____ ___ were defeated in Damascus.
Geoffery Chaucer
Canterbury Tales
The House of Wisdom
In the early AD 800s a combination research library and school called _____ opened in Baghdad
fairs; Champagne
____ were when hundreds of traders met to sell their goods. They were productive to feudal lords because they could tax the goods sold. The most famous one of these was ______ in France.
Ivan III
1472 AD
This Anglo-Saxon epic was written by an unknown poet about a hero who defeats a monster.
Black cube shaped Shrine in Makkah built by Abraham
Charlemagne; Holy Roman Emperor
In AD 800 ______ was crowned ____ ____ ____ by Pope Leo III
AginCourt:1415; Crecy; Poitiers: 1356
list three battles of the Hunreds Years War in which the Engish were victorious -- give dates for the ones that have dates and in alpha order
Viking trader
(True/False) Muslims in Jerusalem mistreated and persecuted Christians.
Battle of Tours; Charles Martel
Battle of 732 where arab invaders were defeated, who ?
Battle of Manzikert
in 1071 The Seljuk Turks dealt the BYZ a painful defeat in the
Under the leadership of Joan of Arc the French army broke seige at
An effect of the crusades was arrangements for the flow of _____ between Europe and Palestine developed.
Charles IV
This French King was the last of the Capetian dynasty. When he died, English King Edward III claimed the throne.
How many official crusades were there?
Tartar Youk
Scholars often refer to the 240 year period of Mongol rule in Russia as ______
Timur Lenk
Turkish-Mongol who spread Islam, united Turkish Mongols, and extended Turkish-Mongol rule over the Middle East
class of landowning warriors in feudal Japan who pledged loyalty to a daimyo
born into a powerful clan and orphaned at a young age
Joan of Arc
1429 AD
Treaty of Verdun
Charlemagne's son's treaty
Dr Stephen OBrien conducted a study of the Black Death in 17th centuring England because the plague bacterium attacks the body the same way as the ____ virus
What kind of tax did the monarchs put on lands and people to fund the crusades.
Tairo and Minamoto
2 families who fought for control of Japan
absolute ruler
Bubonic Plague
This terrible disease, also known as the Black Death, killed 1/3 of the population of Europe. The _____ ______.
Eighth Crusade
King Louis IX and his army were defeated by the plague in this crusade
The Tale of the Heike
the cycle of ballad known as __________ are about a vicious civil war between two powerful Japanese Clans
Which region in France was torn between England (weavers trade) and France (noblemen)
women without male guardians,clergy without consent of their bishops were _____ from the call to the First Crusade
the solemn ceremny where vows were exchanged between lord and vassal known as ___
ottoman turks
people who conquered Constantinople in 1453
the church court established to rid of heretics
treaty of verdun
In AD 843 Charlemagne's grandson signed the _____ ___ _____
China controlled Korea during the _____ dynastu
Genghis Khan
Mongol leader who organized scattered clans under one government
What was the weapon the English used with great success against the French Knights?
Followers of Jan Hus who called for reforms of the Catholic Church. They had crusades called against them, but the crusades were unsuccessful. They were granted religious freedom in exchange for being loyal to the church.
the five pillars of Islam
To be a Muslim all believers must carry out obligations known as
This order of knights originated at the Hospital of St. John in Jerusalem, but they relocated to the Island of Malta where they ruled until the 18th century. (one word)
Official church answers to all important questions.
migration to Yathrib
Prince Alexander
in AD 1240 _____ defeated the invading Swedes at the Neva River
___ living on medieval manors were bound to the land and could not leave without the lords permission
Monarchs levied _____ to pay for the crusades
Like Medieval knights samurai pledged their loyalty and military service to _____ or over lords
This city was where the First Crusaders destroyed a Muslim garrison before they marched to Jerusalem.
Lady Shikabu
Author of Tale of Genji
The Divine Comedy
Dante Aligheri's epic poem written in Italian vernacular
Bologna;Oxford; Paris; Salerno
in the AD 1100s universities were established in (alpha order, 4 of them)
Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians
According to Muhammad "the pople of the book" were
the Anglo Saxon Chronicles
the written history of Britian begun by Alfred the Great and finished 250 years after his death is called
Holy War
A Sanctification of Violence introduced by the church is a ____ ____.
Tai Cong
military genius of Tang dynasty, he restored a strong central government and expanded his large empire
Heavy Plow
This agricultural invention allowed people to migrate to colder climates and produce more food.
These were Spanish Muslims
he ordered his troops to destroy all icons
What did BYZ emperor Leo III do becaus eof the conflict over icons
Japanese storm god
Alexius I
After a disastrous military defeat at the hands of the Turks, BYZ emperor ______ called on the Pope for aid
After lving and working with a master for several years to learn his trade, a young man became a _______ and recieved daily wages
Heian period
Sei Shonagan
Dante Alighieri
Italian who wrote the Divine comedy, an epic poem about an imaginary journey from hell to heaven.
Most popular literature in the High Middle Ages was written in _____, or the language of everyday speech
Alfred the Great
king of wessex who wanted the anglosaxons and fought the vikings
the selling of church postions
Primary Chronicles
The written history of the early Slavic people that combines legends and facts is known as ___
Christine de Pisan
This woman in the French royal court wrote love poems.
term for successor of Muhammad
Henry II
Eleanor of Aquitaine
Thomas Aquinas
Summa Theologica
Al- Razi
Comprehensive Book
Otto I
Holy Roman Emperor
532 AD
The best example of the style of architecture known as Romanesque is the abbey at ______ in France, which became the center of church reform
In AD 1260 Kublai Khan founded a new dynasty called ____ meaning original or prime
610 AD
Hundred Years War
the primary cause of the ___ ____ __ was the English kings claim to the French throne
Richard III
This weak English king was defeated by a rival, Henry Tudor, at Bosworth field in 1485.
The Fifth Crusade was launched against Muslim power in _____
Peter the Hermit
Who led the Peasant's Crusade?
Emperor ______'s ambition to reconqueror Roman lands lost to Germanic invaders exhausted the funs and resources of the Empire
After the sack of Constantinople in 1204 ___ Christians ruled the city for the next fifty years
Seljuk Turks
The Peasants Crusade ended when they were all massacred by the ____ ____. Once again, a big surprise.
Gregory VII; Henry IV
In 1075 Pope _______ banned lay investiture. In response Emperor _____ insulted the pope and ordered him to step down
Massacre at Acre
This was when Richard I took Muslim prisoners and when Saladin didn't give him the money he asked for a ransom, he killed thim all.
What carried the bubonic plague to Europe. They were on rats that were on ships.
Vladimir I
1st Russian ruler
confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism mixed
The Templars
After the First Crusade, new military relgious orders arose to offer safe escort to Palestine, the earliest of which was _________
Alexius I
This Byzantine emperor called for mercerenaries, and he got a rabble of crusaders. He refused to let them into the city.
know what heresy is and what the church did to stamp it out
Philip IV
Capetian king
the Jelling Stone
this famous memorial was commissioned by King Harald of Denmark after he converted to Christianity
In ancient times people who lived on the Arabian peninsular were ____, nomade who hered sheed, camels, and goats
Dynasty that replaced the Yuan
These people went from town to town whipping themselves to cleanse themselves from sin. They freaked people out and often attacked Christian clergy.
Collar Harness
This agricultural invention replaced the ox yoke and allowed plows to be pulled by horses.
Lancaster; York
The War of the Roses was fought between the English royal houses of____ and ____
first and only Japanese dynasty
532 AD (Woman)
Zheng He
During expeditions between 1405 and 1433 this Ming admiral traveled as far as the Red Sea
money economy
This is an economy based on money that led to the growth of banking.
Muhammad's wife
In AD 768 Pepin the Short's son became king and gave the name ____ to his dynasty
Mongol law code of Genghis Khan
1st to become Catholic
what was the turning point in Clovis's rule
cannon law
the church has its own law known as ____ ____.
Council of Constance
This council in Germany told all 3 presiding popes to step down and they elected a new pope, Pope Martin V.
Pilgramage of Mecca
Herrad of Landsberg
This author wrote Garden of Delights, an encyclopedia of world history
Orthodox missionary
St. Augustine; Archbishop of Cantebury
AD 597 Pope Gregory sent____ to England to convert the Anglo Saxons. He became the first ____ __ ______, the head of the Christian chiurch in Englamd.
Abu Bakr
first caliph
Richard I (the Lionhearted)
1189 AD
the way of the warrior
this was the first large scale mechanized seige weapon and it could propel objects up to 980 feet at or over castle walls
Great Army
In 866 the ___ ___ landed in England. Their purpose was to conquer the island and make it Viking territory
gold solidus
the most common form of BYZ currency was tje
Dante Alighieri
The Divine Comedy
High Middle Ages
This time period was from 1050-1270 AD, known as the _____ _____ _____.
Giovanni Boccacio
This English institution levied taxes, approved laws and provided advice for the monarch.
Alfred the Great
886 AD
Philip VI
The French appointed this king, a cousin of the deceased king to rule France instead of Edward III, an English king who claimed the throne.
Kublai Khan
Sorghaghtani Beki
Thomas Aquinas
1200's AD
excommunication and interdict
popes enforced church laws and exercised power over medieval Christians using these two powerful weapons
William of Normandy
____ __ ____'s invasion fleet was delayed in France because strong northeasterly winds kept his ship at their moorings
Monte Cassino
Manzikert; Seljuk Turks; Byzantines
The Battle of _______ in 1081 was when the _____ ____ defeated the _________, causing Emperor Alexius to call on the pope for help.
During the ____ Period in Japan court oficals adopted Chinese fashion food and cultural tradtions
Innocent III; Italian; Constantinople; excommunicated
Pope ______ __ called the fourth crusade, during which the ______ merchants asked them to sack and loot the city ____________. After they raided the city of Zara, the Pope ________ them.
Medieval knights
_____ ____ were inspired to join the cursade: the oppportunity to employ fighting skills, economic plunders, promis of forgiveness for all earthly sins.
French; Agincourt
The ____ knights at the Battle of ____ were weighed down by their heavy armor and sank in the muddy battlefield
Omar Khayyam
The Rubaiyat
Leif Erikson
Viking explored and sailed north america
Fifth Crusade
This crusade took place in Egypt and it was a failure.
Tang capital city
Thomas Aquinas
Scholastic who wrote Summa Theologica which was an Encyclopedia of Theology. It is still used in Roman Catholic schools.
religion; reason
Scholasticism tried to reconcile ____ and ____
Joan of Arc
This 17 year old girl saw visions of saints telling her to save France. She led the Dauphin's army into successful battles against the English until she was captured, turned over to the inquisition and burned at the stake.
Estates General
To win support against the Pope, King Philip IV of France called together ___ ___, an assembly of nobles, clergy, and townspeople
Parliament; Magna Carta
_____ and the _____ ___ limited the power of the english king
AD 1191 after a two year seige of the city of ____, negotionaions for a truce broke down and Crusaders killed 3000 Muslim prisoners
This early gunpowder weapon was unreliable, but had a great psychological effect on the enemy.
Marco Polo
This venetian explorer traveled to China and returned to Italy with stories that many people did not believe.
Eugenius III
Less than 50 years after the First Crusade, this pope called the Second Crusade
Hundred Years War
This is often considered the end of the Middle Ages. The _______ _____ ____.
Kublai Khan
first great Mongol emperor of China, conquered Korea, part of Southeast Asia and attempted Japan twice, mixed Mongol and Chinses government and traditions
An association of merchants and artisans created to monopolize the local market for its members, regulate work of artisans, wages, hours, and product quality.
San Vitale mosaics
the city of Jerusalem; Saladin
"Do not dream that we shall give it up to you ... It belonged to us originally, and it is you who are the real aggressors." what is this quote refereing to and who said it
Pope Innocent III condeming Crusaders
"These defenders of Chirst who should have tuned their swords only on the infidels have bathed in Christian blood" this statement is said by who and about what
Silla, Paekche, and Koguryo
three kingdoms of Korea
What style of architecture in Europe featured flying buttresses, stained glass windows and high ceilings known as ribbed vault? Notre Dame is a example. (not the college)
Kamakura Shogunate
The military government that ruled Japan from 1185-1333 was known as the ______ _____
What did Philip VI want to do to the clergy that made Pope Boniface VIII really mad?
What style of architecture in Europe in the Early Middle Ages was present in churches and featured heavy round arches, columns, small windows and thick walls? Monastery of Cluny is an example.
Hagia Sophia
10,000 workers, 5 years to build, designed in the shaoe if a cross, massive circular dome is mounted on four columns
this kingdom conquered all of Korea giving peace, prosperity and creativity
How many different Popes were in office at one time during the Great Schism?
submission to the will of God
the terms Islam means
This member of a guild could own his own shop and tools, as well as employ Journeymen and Apprentices.
Peasant's crusade
Which one of the nine crusades was not numbered?
belief that spirtits inhabit living and nonliving things, communicating with humans through priests called shamans
Seljuk Turks
they formed settlemets and restored the Sunni caliphate, and gained control of the main trade routes between eastern Asia, the Middle East and Europe
Marco Polo
the experiences of the Crusade inspired travelers such as, ________, who set out for China in AD 1271 with his merchant father and uncle
Hugh Capet
987 AD
War of the Roses
This war was between two English families, Lancaster and York, who fought for control of England.
Theodora; Justinian
during the tx revlt in Cnstantinople_______ advised _____ to stay in the city and fight the rebellion
the Madinah Compact
In AD 624 Muhammad drafted a politcial agreement know as ___ _____ _____ which created an islamic state and culture as well as a religion
Many people wanted to go on the crusades for the religious reason that if they were killed, they would recieve instant ________.
Dark Ages
the early medieval period is called the ____ ____ because law and order vanished and literacy almost disappeared
grains, herded animals
Mongol women raised ________ while men _______ _________
william the conqueror; Godwinson; Hastings
____ ___ ____ defeated the forces of ______ in the year 1066 at the Battle of _____
This institution had a powerful hold on people in the High Middle Ages
built the Ka' aba
in the former Roman Province of Gaul, people called the ___ held power
Commander in Chief
Chansons de Geste
This is a French epic about the courage of feudal warriors.
by 1250 ______ was the last Muslim strong hold on the Spanish peninsula
Yaroslav the Wise
____ ___ ____ helped to develope Kiev by encouraging learning and establishing a library
Portugal; Castile; Aragon; Granada
The Iberian peninsula was split into 3 Christian realms and one Muslim realm. To the West was _______, center ______, to the east ______ on the Mediterranean coast, and to the south, _____ was controlled by the Moors
Martel; Battle of Tours
_____ defeated the Muslims in AD 732 at ____
the silk worm industry of the BYZ empire flourished after Christian ____ smuggled silkworms out of China
special clan spirit
This document allowed a town to be self governing, all the inhabitants to be freed from feudal bonds, taxes paid in money, and no lord could sieze the property.
800 AD
movable tents Mongols lived in
Frankish to convert to Christianity
Mongol commander who captured Baghdad and enslaved its inhabitants
Babylonian Captivity
during the _____ _____ the court of the pope moved from Rome to a city in France
Fourth; Fifth
The Children's Crusade was after the _____ crusade and before the ______ crusade.
Hildegard of Bingen
Author who wrote on Religion, Science, Medicine and composed music
Spanish Inquisition
This enforced Catholic teachings in Spain, and tortured, tried and punished suspects. This fear strengthened the Spanish monarchs
HRE Barbarossa, Richard I, Philip II
the 3 kings who led the 3rd Crusade
Eleanor of Aquitaine; John Lackland; Richard the Lionhearted
Henry II married ____ ___ _____ and had 4 sons. Two became famous kings. Name them (alpha order)
Peter Abelard
Scholastic who wrote Sic et Non wich showed both sides of controversial questions. He was condemned as a heretic.
the final day of the Hajj
perfrom the Stoning in the Mina Valley to ward off temptation
Empress Wu
wife of Gaozong, ruled the empire, expanded bureaucracy and strengthened Chinas military forces
Edward III
Battle of Crecy
the ______ was the fight to drive Muslims from Spain
Rightly Guided Caliphs
the military expeditions of the _______, were successful because their horses and camel calvry over welmed more tradtional armies
holy war
Jan Hus
This reformer was at the University of Prague, where he translated the Bible into Slavic. He claimed the authority of the Bible was higher than the Pope. He was excommunicated in 1412 and burned at the stake.
Genghis Khan
1206 AD
This battle was fought in 1356 and resulted in the capture of the French King John. The French gave up Aquitaine to the English.
Marco Polo
Trading fleets brought _____ items from the East to trade in Europe.
the blood kinship of Muhammad
the conflict between Sunni and Shi'ite Muslims centered on
Babylonian Captivity
The period of time where Clement V moved the papacy to Avingon was known as the ______ _____, this is a bible refference to when the Jews were enslaved.
"divine wind"
the exclusive right of the eldest son to inherit his father's estate is called
Palestine; Christians
After ______ fell to Arab invaders in the AD 600s, ______ were tolerated and allowed to live in Jerusalem
The Umayyads moved the capital to ____, which was centrally located in the expanding Islamic state
the Mongols
In 1258 they sacked and looted Baghdad and killed the last Abbasid caliph
Empress Wu's grandson, emperor of China, and welcomed artists
Joan of Arc
Charles VII
eating pork, drinking alcohol, gambling
Islamic tradtion prohibits the fathful from
During the rule of Timur Lenk the most influential city was
The Rightly Guided Caliphs were overthrown by rebel groups ehich ended the ____ system of choosing a caliph
During the Song Dynasty a new class of cvil servants called _____ dominated Chinese society
Juris Civilis
Justinian's Code
Frederick Barbarosa; Philip Augustus; Richard I
These monarchs led "the Crusade of the Three Kings" (alpha order)
Letters of Credit
These were used instead of money, like checks or money orders today.
Zhao Kuangyin
established the Song dynasty, military general
Concordat of Worms
In AD 1122 church officas nobles and representation of the HRE met in GErmany and reached a compromise known as the
slaughtered the inhabitants
after a seige of almost two months, the victorious Crusaders entered Jerusalem in 1099 and ______ ____ ______
the attack on Lindisfarne
"behold the church of St. Cuthbert splattered with the blood of priests of God despoild of all its ornaments ; a place more venerable then all in Britian is given prey to pagan people".... Alcuin refers to
"universal ruler"
Genghis Khan means
Urban VI
The College of Cardinals in Rome chose this man, and Italian, to be the Pope after Pope Gregory XI died.
estates general
the representative council in France is known as the ____ ____.
Fair Days
Medieval towns sponsered ___ ____ because towns collected sales tax on all goods echanged
Yi dynasty
Korean dynasty that opened schools and made neo-Confucianism the state doctrine, in Hanyang
royal agents
the missi dominici were
Saladin; Richard I
During the Third Crusade, Muslim leader _____ squared off against English King ________.
real world; fantastic
Canterbury Tales describes the _______, while Divine Comedy describes a ____ journey
Francis of Assisi
Saladin Tithe
This tax was instituted by the Church to pay for the crusades. It was called the _____ _____.
Ferdinand and Isabella in Spain ordered everyone to be ______ or leave Spain.
_____ revived literacy and learning and united western Europe under one government
The language of everyday speech.
Marco Polo
1271 AD
Crusader states
The crusaders who didn't go home after the First Crusade formed feudal ____ _____.
Pope Martin V
This Pope was elected at the Council of Constance, after the three other Popes were forced out of office.
Danish conqueror
Sixth Crusade
This crusade ended with a treaty to restore access routes into Jerusalem, but the crusaders could not hold onto them
Hagia Sophia
Holy Wisdom
Hugh Capet; Capetian
AD 987 French nobles elected ___ ___ to be king of france. His dynasty became known as the _____ dynasty.
romanesque; gothic
Early medieval churches were built in a style called ____, which was replaced by a new style called ______
These educational institutions were formed separately from church schools to supply educated officials for towns.
Leif Erikson; Lause Aux Meadows
a viking explorer named ____ _____ reached North America almost 500 years before Columbus. Archeologists named this Viking settlement in North America____ ____
Pope Gregory XI
This Pope in 1378 based in France, visited Rome and died while he was there. The College of Cardinals then elected another Pope, and the officials in France elected another.
Charles Martel; Battle of Tours
The Umayyad advace into westerm Europe was stopped in AD 732 by ___ ___ at the ____ __ ____
government established by a shogun's family and followers in feudal Japan
Joan of Arc
" We.. abandoned you as a limb of satan, infected with the leprosy of heresy, cut off fro mthe Church, in order to prevent the infection of other members of Christ." this quote refers to
Battle of Stamford Bridge
Battle in 1066 at which Harold Godwinson defeated the forces of harlard Hadrata
This was the Spanish reconquest of Muslim areas in Spain.
Seventh Crusade
King Louis IX and his army were taken prisoner for a ransom in this crusade
What invention did the Muslims pass on to the Europeans that was originally invented by the Chinese?
where the Song rulers set up their royal court
Clermont Council
calling on christians to drive the infidels from the Holy Land, the Pope called the _________ ________, a great meeting of French nobles and church leaders in 1095
Duo Fu
wrote poems on hardships of war, condemned court life,
in AD 481, ___, a shrewd ruler of energy and ability became their king
bitter; hatred
the crusades affected the evolutions of religion in medieval Europe by leaving ____ legacy of religous _____ in the Middle East
Henry VII
He was the first Tudor king who overthrew Richard III. He avoided foreign wars and increased power over nobles.
Shi ites
Muslim who believe the caliph should be blood relative
where are the Dominicans from
Geoffrey Chaucer
Englishman who wrote the Canterbury tales, which were narrative poems about pilgrims on their way to Canterbury
Japanese moon god
By AD 500 this clan had established Japans first and only dyansty that lasted almost 1000 years
Yaroslav the Wise
Scholarly ruler who organized the first law code in Russia
An assembly of German princes that elected a Holy Roman Emperor.
Peter Abelard
Sic et Non
Genoa; Venice
These two trading cities in Italy benefited from trade with the Crusader states
Urban II; Clermont; France
Pope _______ __ called for the first crusade in _____ (city) ______ (country)
On his way to becoming a master, this person would work for a master, but for wages.
Tripitaka Koreana
the largest collection of Buddhist scripturesm has 81,258 wooden printing plates
Frederick Barbarossa; Philip Augustus; Richard I; Saladin
On the Third Crusade, Three European Kings, Holy Roman Emperor _____ _____, French King ______ ______, and English King ______ __ went to fight ______, the Muslim ruler.
map; compass
The Muslims introducted advances in navigation, such as a more accurate _____, and the ______.
Japanese sun goddess
What did a Journeyman have to submit to a guild master to become a master.
Yaroslav the Wise
1019 AD
Second Crusade
the result of the _____ ______ in AD 1149 was the Crusaders were defeated by the Turks and returned home in disgrace
Town Charters
____ _____ included provisions/ rules to follow: all citizens could come and go as they pleased, they were free of feudal labor requirments, and no feudal lord could seize property in town
where are the Francasians from
social classes
Muslims at birth, convered Muslims, protected people, and slaves were the four ____ ____ in Muslim society
Song of Roland
This is a French epic written about Charlemagne's knights
system where people gain success on the basis of ability and performance
This area became the trade center in North Europe because it produced a fine quality wool.
the Third Rome
Pope Clement V
He was the French Archbishop who was elected Pope and moved the court to France.
Pope Innocent III
1215 AD
Knights of the Temple; Templars
The first order of knights were the _______ ___ ___ _______, who escorted pilgrims to and from Palestine. They were also known as the _______.
"it enableth its possessor to distinguish right from wrong; it is our friend in the desert; our society in solitude... an ornament amoung friends and armor amoung enemies"
dominant nomadic group in central Asia
Edward IV
Edward Duke of York, became _______ __ after he overthrew the Lancaster dynasty in London.
Korean alphabet that uses 14 consanatns and 10 vowels for folktales and popular literatre
In AD 1206 this fierce young warrior took the title Genghis Khan
military ruler of feudal Japan
Edward III
This English King claimed the French throne because he was a grandson of Philip IV
Ayn Jalut
At the Battle of ____ ____ in 1260 the Mamluk army defeated the Mongols
Henry VII
War of the Roses
These scholars tried to reconcile faith and reason.
Li Bo
Two if Chinas greatest poets, Duo Fu and ____ produced their work in the Tang court
Philip Augustus
On Third Crusade, he returned to France before he even got to Jerusalem.
Charlemagne; Carolingean
Pepin the Short's son _____ became king in AD 768 and started the _____ dynasty
Henry II
1170 AD
Prince Shotoku
Japanese leading court official who encouraged learning of Chinese culture, ordered construction of Buddhist monasteries and temples
shock warfare
historians refer to the type of battles waged by Frankish knights
Ivan the Great
Ivan III's nickname

Deck Info