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Zionism

Terms

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Two Yishuv
all the Jews living there before the aliyah of 1882 by the Zionist movement and refers to those who built homes after the establishment the First Aliyah
White Paper
this idea was to create an independent Palestine governed by Palestinian Arabs and Jews in proportion to their numbers in the population
Hagana
Helped British Faught Arab
Peel Commision
was a British Royal Commission of Inquiry set out to propose changes to the British Mandate of Palestine following the outbreak of the 1936-1939 Arab revolt in Palestine
Czar Alexander III
engaged in anti-Semitic policies such as tightening restrictions on where Jews could live in the Pale of Settlement and restricting the occupations that Jews could attain
Ze'ev Jabotinsky
was a right-wing Revisionist Zionist leader, author, orator, soldier, and founder of the Jewish Self-Defense Organization in Odessa
Einsatsgruppen
Their principal task was the annihilation of the Jews, Gypsies, and Soviet political commissars
Zion MUle Corps
was formed in 1914-1915 during World War I, when Britain was at war against the Ottoman Turks, as Zionists around the world saw an opportunity to promote the idea of a Jewish National Homeland.
Uganda
place where Jews were going to have their own land instead of palestine
Bilu
was a group of Jewish idealists aspiring to settle in the Land of Israel with the political purpose to redeem Eretz Yisrael and re-establish the Jewish State on it.
The Dreyfus affair
he conviction for treason in November 1894 of, a young French artillery officer of Jewish background
Deir Yassin
Arab village blocking road to Jerusalem. Attacked by Irgun
Balfour Declaration
An official letter from the British Foreign Office to favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people
Chovei Zion
organizations that are considered the forerunners and foundations of the modern Zionist movement, founded the first Zionist settlement in the Land of Israel
Nuremberg Laws
were laws passed in Nazi Germany for racial discrimination against Jewish people.
UNSCOP
a british committee created to decide what to do with Palestine
King David Hotel
the southern wing of this hotel was turned into a British administrative and military headquarters. In July 1946 it was blown up by the Irgun, a terrorist Zionist group led by Menachem Begin.
Adolf Eichmann
was charged with the task of facilitating and managing the logistics of mass deportation of Jews to ghettos and extermination camps in Nazi-occupied Eastern Europe.
Nuremberg Trials
were a series of trials most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany
Baron Edmund de Rothschild
was a patron of the first settlement in Palestine, was the addressee of the Balfour Declaration, which committed the British government to the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.
Aliya Bet
was the code name given to illegal immigration by Jews to the British Mandate of Palestine
Hashomer
was a Jewish defense organization in Palestine founded out of Bar-Giora in April 1909. Ceased to operate after the founding of the Haganah. The purpose was to provide guard services for Jewish settlements in the Yishuv
Theodor Herzl
was a Hungarian Jewish journalist who was the father of modern political Zionism.
Moses Hess
secular Jewish philosopher and one of the founders of socialism.
Der Judenstaat
"The Jewish State" is a book written by Theodor Herzl and published in 1896, "Proposal of a modern solution for the Jewish question",
Jewish Brigade
was a jewish military formation of the British Army that served in Europe during the Second World War
Lechi
was an armed underground Zionist faction, whose goal was to forcibly evict the British authorities from Palestine, allowing unrestricted immigration of Jews and the formation of a Jewish state.
Kishiniev
is the capital and largest city of Moldova. It is also its main industrial and commercial center and is located in the center of the country, on the river Bîc. Economically, the city is the most prosperous in Moldova and is one of the main transportation hubs of the region.
Chaim Weitzman
President of the World Zionist Organization, and the first President of the State of Israel.
Zionest congress
was held in Basle, Switzerland, which aimed at creating a Jewish State of Israel in the region then known as Palestine
Pale of settlement
permanent residence of Jews was allowed, and beyond which Jewish residence was generally prohibited
Ottoman Empire
the Turkish Empire
Irgun
Faught British and Arabs. Did not listen to World Zionist Organization. Founded By Jabotinsky. Mostly youth from Betar
palestinian Civil War
the Jewish and Arab communities of Palestine clashed, while the British, who supposedly had the obligation to maintain order, organized their withdrawal and intervened only on an occasional basis.
Havlaga
was a strategic policy used by the Haganah members with regard to actions taken against Arab groups who were attacking the Jewish settlement during the British Mandate of Palestine. Its core principles were fortification and abstention from taking revenge on Arabs by attacking innocent civilians.
Yosef Trumpeldore
was an early Zionist activist, notable for helping organize the Zion Mule Corps and bringing Jewish immigrants to Palestine.
Basle,Switzerland
The first Zionest Congress was held here
Transjordan
as a former Ottoman territory incorporated into the British Mandate of Palestine
Second Aliyah
most important and influential. It took place between 1904 and 1914, during which approximately 40,000 Jews immigrated into Ottoman Palestine, mostly from Russia and Poland
emancipation
efforts to obtain political rights or equality,
Rishon Lezion
founded in 1882 by Russian immigrants and was the second Jewish settlement to be formed in Israel after ,
Altnueland
a utopian novel published by Theodor Herzl
Nili
network which assisted the United Kingdom in its fight against the Ottoman Empire in Palestine during World War
Rabbi Yehuda Alkalai
was a Sephardic rabbi in Semlin and one of pioneers of modern Zionism, studied in Jerusalem under different rabbis and came under the influence of the Kabbalah
Leon Pinsker
Zionist pioneer and activist, attended his father's private school in Odessa and was one of the first Jews to attend Odessa University
Eliezer Ben Yehuda
a key figure in the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language.
Jewish Legion
was the name for five battalions of Jewish volunteers established as the British Army's 38th through 42nd Battalions
The First Aliyah
was the first modern widespread wave of Zionist aliyah. Jews who migrated to Palestine in this wave came mostly from Eastern Europe and from Yemen.
David Ben Gurion
first Prime Minister of Israel
Betar
a Revisionist Zionist youth movement founded by Ze'ev Jabotinsky

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