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Terms

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Treaty of Rome
Six nations of Coal and Steal Community signed to create EEC.
Schuman Plan
called for special international organization to control and integrate all European coal and steal production.
Euratom
European Atomic Energy Community established by the treaty of Rome to regulate and research nuclear energy merged with the EEC.
Clement Attlee
Socialist Labor Party under him moved toward establishment of a "Welfare State"; formed government of England after Churchill; nationalized industries.
European Economic Community
caused by the Marshall Plan.
Council of Europe
Brought about by the Marshall Plan in 1948 as an attempt to evolve into a Parliament yet became only a multinational debating society.
Anthony Eden
Opposed Chamberlain's policy of appeasement towards Hitler. Became Prime minister in 1955, resigned in 1957.
Ludwig Erhard
Minister of the economy, bet on the free economy while maintaining the extensive social welfare network inherited from the Hitler era.
Hungarian Revolution
1956. Led by students and workers, installed Liberal Communist Imre Nagy. Forced soviet soldiers to leave and promised free election, renounced Hungary's military alliance with Moscow. Revolution was crushed by the Soviet Union.
Nikita Khrushchev
Russian premier after Stalin. Led de-Stalinization of Russia. A reformer who argued for major innovations.
de-Stalinization
Liberalization of the Soviet Union.
Warsaw Pact
Created by Stalin to counter NATO and to tighten his hold on satellites.
Imre Nagy
liberal communist reformer installed as Chief by the people of Budapest.
Containment
Attempt to contain communism in areas already occupied by the Red Army as indicated in the Truman Doctrine.
"Inner Six"
members of the EEC.
Willy Brandt
West German chancellor; sought peace with East Germany; went to Poland in December 1970; laid a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier and another monument commemorating the armed uprising of Warsaw's Jewish ghetto against Nazi armies after which the ghetto was destroyed and survivors were sent to the gas chambers.
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization- formed in 1949 by U.S. anti-Soviet Military alliance of Western Governments.
Charles De Gaulle
Leader of Free French General that resigned in 1946 after re-establishing the free, democratic Fourth Republic.
European Coal and Steel Community
international organization to control and integrate all European coal and steel production. Consisted of West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, and France. Number 1 goal to be so close together economically that war against them impossible. "The six".
COMECON
The economic association organized by the communist states
Marshall Plan
U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall urged Americans to offer economic aide- this was the Marshall Plan. Refused by Stalin.
Brinkmanship
International relations involving the deliberate creation of a risk of war to apply pressure on the other party.
Perestroika
Economic restructuring by Gorbachev
"peaceful coexistence"
Krushev's foreign policy; peaceful coexistence with communism was possible.
Iron Curtain Speech
March 1946 Winston Churchill at Fulton College Missouri; said an "iron curtain" had fallen across the Continent.
restalinization
Soviet Union started a period of stagnation. Saw de-Stalinization as a dangerous threat.
Brezhnev Doctrine
Soviet Union and its allies had the right to intervene in any socialist country whenever they saw the need.
Glasnost
A newfound openness of government and media.

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