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Unit 6 and 7 combined HolyCrap there is a lot yall

Terms

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Boxer Rebellion
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country. (ending the open-door policy)
Gentlemen's Agreement
Agreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japenese men already living in the US to join them
Emergency Immigration Act
congress passed as a stopgap until a permenant well considered law could be written.
Fireside Chats
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
Gunboat/ Cowboy Diplomacy
TR's policy the pursuit of foreign policy objectives with the aid of conspicuous displays of military power—implying or constituting a direct threat of warfare, should terms not be agreeable to the superior force.
Social Security Act
1935; guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at the age of 65; also set up a federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
John J. Pershing
commander of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), was sent by wilson to capture pancho villa
"a car in every garage"
Henry Ford motto
100% Americanism
slogan of second Ku Klux Klan
Harry M. Daugherty
was an American politician. He is best known as a Republican Party boss, and member of the Ohio Gang, the name given to the group of advisors surrounding president Warren G. Harding.
Jingoism
extreme/ fanatical nationalism
Reservationists
These were Republicans who wanted no part with the League of Nations unless there were some changes. THey were a burden to the vote on the League of Nations and had a part in its failure to pass.
18th Amendment
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
The Great Migration
200,000 to 500,000 africans moved north from 1915 to 1930
A. Mitchell Palmer
was the Attorney General of the United States from 1919 to 1921. He was nicknamed The Fighting Quaker and he directed the controversial Palmer Raids.
Sacco and Vanzetti
In 1920 these two men were convicted of murder and robbery. They were found guilty and died in the electric chair unfairly
Zimmerman Telegraph
a telegram from Germany to Mexico telling them to invade the U.S. promising land and recources. Britian intercepted it.
Fundamentalism
Conservative beliefs in the Bible and that it should be literally believed and applied
Bootlegger
someone who makes or sells illegal liquor
Nelson Miles
was an American soldier who served in the American Civil War, Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War.
Anti-Imperialist League
was established in the United States on June 15, 1898 to battle the American annexation of the Philippines, officially called insular areas
Speakeasy
A place for the illegal sale and consumption of alcoholic drinks
Al Capone
Gangster wanted by the government for the illegal sale of alcohol.
Food Administration
This government agency was headed by Herbert Hoover and was established to increase the production of food and ration food for the military.
Fuel Administration
Like the Food Administration, the Fuel Administration encouraged Americans to save fuel with "heatless Mondays" and "gasless Sundays." The actions helped create a sum of $21 billion to pay for the war.
John Dewey
United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)
Schenck v. US
a United States Supreme Court decision concerning the question of whether the defendant possessed a First Amendment right to free speech against the draft during World War I. Ultimately, the case served as the founding of the "clear and present danger" rule.
Bathtub Gin
homemade gin especially that made illegally
Propaganda
information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
Francis Townshed
California Doctor who supported elderly and wanted them to have pensions
Insular Cases
These were court cases dealing with islands/countries that had been recently annexed and demanded the rights of a citizen. These Supreme Court cases decided that the Constitution did not always follow the flag, thus denying the rights of a citizen to Puerto Ricans and Filipinos.
Dollar Diplomacy
Taft's foreign policy focused mainly on advancing American commercial interest abroad, a policy that was called this.
Irreconcilables
a group of senators who opposed the Treaty of V and the League of N
Washington Conference
was a military conference called by the administration of President Warren G. Harding and held in Washington, D.C. from 12 November 1921 to 6 February 1922. Conducted outside the auspices of the League of Nations, it was attended by nine nations having interests in the Pacific Ocean and East Asia.
Franz Ferdinand
archduke of Austria and heir apparent to Francis Joseph I
William Randolph Hearst
owner of the New York Morning Journal San Francisco Examiner, "give me the picture,and ill furnish the war"
Isolationism
policy of avoiding foreign involvement
Andrew Mellon
was an American banker, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector and Secretary of the Treasury from March 4, 1921 until February 12, 1932. He is the only Secretary of the Treasury to have served under three United States Presidents (Harding, Coolidge and Hoover).
McNary-Haugen Bill
was a proposed bill in the 1920s to limit agricultural sales within the United States, and either store them or export them
De Lome Letter
The Spanish ambassador insults President McKinley, accused america of being weak
Teller Amendment
This Amendment was drafter by Henry M. Teller which declared that the US had no desire for control in Cuba & pledged the US would leave the island alone.
John Hay
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal
Margaret Sanger
She led an organized birth control movement that openly championed the use of contraceptives. She helped started the birth control movement, thus showing how women were changing.
Versailles Treaty
The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate rejected it.
Emilio Aguinaldo
Filipino who was lead both the Phillipine revolution against Spain and then the United States
John W. Davis
an American politician, diplomat and lawyer. He served as an United States Representative from West Virginia (1911-1913) and Solicitor General and Ambassador to the Great Britain under President Woodrow Wilson. He is best known as a Democratic Party nominee for President of the United States during the 1924 presidential election, losing to Republican incumbent Calvin Coolidge.
Quota Law
that limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 3% of the number of persons from that country living in the United States in 1910, according to United States Census figures
Roosevelt corollary
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Annexation
The adding of a region to the territory of an existing country.
Boondoggling
in the sense of a term for a project that wastes time and money, first appeared during the Great Depression in the 1930s, referring to the millions of jobs given to unemployed men and women to try to get the economy moving again, as part of the New Deal
Wets and Drys
drys favored prohibitons and wets opposed it
Charles Forbes
Part of the Ohio Gang who stole millions of dollars from the Veterans Bureau.
Elanor Roosevelt
1st lady, acted as president's eyes and ears, fought for womens rights and African American justice., changed the role of First Lady, helped husband out alot with presidency.
Flappers
Young women of the 1920s that behaved and dressed in a radical fashion
Open-Door Note
a concept in foreign affairs stating that, in principle, all nations should have equal commercial and industrial trade rights in China
Frances Perkins
U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, and the first woman ever appointed to the cabinet.
Pancho Villa
Mexican revolutionary leader (1877-1923) Did many good things, but killed a lot of people. Wanted to take money from the rich and give it to the poor.
Rough Riders
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish-American War
Dust Bowl
A drought in the 1930s that turned the Great Planes very dry.
Sussex Pledge
Agreement in which Germany ceases submarine warfare if British stop mining North Sea
Gavrilo Princip
The assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, a member of the Black Hand
Bonus Army
Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash
Phillipe Bunau-Varilla
A french engineer and soldier who greatly influenced the United States's decision concerning the construction site for the famed Panama Canal
Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, Russia
John Lewis
was an American leader of organized labor who served as president of the United Mine Workers of America from 1920 to 1960.
Leonard Wood
a physician who served as the Chief of Staff of the United States Army, Military Governor of Cuba and Governor General of the Philippines.
Volstead Act
The Act specified that "no person shall manufacture, sell, barter, transport, import, export, deliver, furnish or possess any intoxicating liquor except as authorized by this act." It did not specifically prohibit the purchase or use of intoxicating liquors
Marcus Garvey
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
Treaty of Portsmouth
(1905) ended the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). It was signed in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, after negotiations brokered by Theodore Roosevelt (for which he won the Nobel Peace Prize). Japan had dominated the war and received an indemnity, the Liaodong Peninsula in Manchuria, and half of Sakhalin Island, but the treaty was widely condemned in Japan because the public had expected more.
Big Stick
Teddy Roosevelt's use of military power for diplomatic reasons and foreign policy
19th Amendment
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.
Bruce Barton
a leader of the advertising industry and author of a new interpretation on Christ in The Man Nobody Knows
Xenophobia
fear or hatred of foreigners
Langston Hughes
African American author of the Harlem Renaissance.
Committee on Public Information
It was headed by George Creel. The purpose of this committee was to mobilize people's minds for war, both in America and abroad. Tried to get the entire U.S. public to support U.S. involvement in WWI. Creel's organization, employed some 150,000 workers at home and oversees. He proved that words were indeed weapons.
Jose Marti
led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 through the Spanish-American War
Sigmund Freud
(1856-1939) Founder of psychoanalysis, created the first comprehensive theory of personality
2nd Ku Klux Klan
used vilonece and threats was against jews catholics and immigrants.
Prohibition
the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment
Russian Revolution
the revolution against the Czarist government which led to the abdication of Nicholas II and the creation of a provisional government in March 1917
The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
an influential treatise on naval warfare written in 1890 by Alfred Thayer Mahan. It details the role of sea power throughout history and discusses the various factors needed to support a strong navy.
Espionage And Sedition Act
Two lwas, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against US partcipation in WWI
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Charles Lindbergh
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
UNIA
Universal Negro Improvement Association
War Guilt Clause
1.) formally blamed Germany 2.) charged Germany for $33 billion
100 days
The House and the Senate met for 100 days between March-June 1933. FDR's new deal which changed the way American government operates.
Court Packing Scheme
Six additional justices would have been appointed. This was proposed in response to the Supreme Court overturning several of his New Deal measures that proponents claim were designed to help the United States recover from the Great Depression.
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire-Turkey
Mass Production
The manufacture of many identical products by the division of labor into many small repetitive tasks.
Sinclair Lewis
United States novelist who satirized middle-class America in his novel Main Street (1885-1951)
George Creel
Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI
Great White Fleet
Name for the steam-powered ships of the enlarged and modernized American Navy of the early 1900s, Navy force that circumnavigated the globe to show off US naval prowess
U-Boats
undersea boat, submarine
Trench Warfare
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas
American Expeditionary Force
About 2 million Americans went to France as members of this under General John J. Pershing
Speculation
People bidding on stocks w/o paying attention to the company's profits and the poeple hoping they would quickly make a lot of money
Calvin Coolidge
elected Vice President and succeeded as 30th President of the United States when Harding died in 1923 (1872-1933)
Harry Garfield
While at Princeton, he befriended future president Woodrow Wilson, who during World War I asked him to serve as the nation's Fuel Administrator.
Fordney-McCumber Tariff
Congress displayed a pro-business attitude in passing the tariff and in promoting foreign trade through providing huge loans to the postwar Allied governments who returned the favor by buying American goods and by cracking down on strikes
Harry Hopkins
leader of FERA, granted 3 billion to states for direct dole payments or wages on work projects
Wilson's fourteen points
14 points of why the US should make a plan for peace in Europe after World War I.
Bernard Baruch
Head of the War Industries Board, which attempted to impose some order on the U.S. war production
Militarism
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army always ready for war.
Nationalism
devotion to one's country
Charles Coughlin
A radio priest who was anti-Semetic and anti-New Deal. He catered away some support from FDR.
George Dewey
a United States naval officer remembered for his victory at Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War, U.S. naval commander who led the American attack on the Philippines
Foraker Act
law which ended military rule in Puerto Rico
Liberty League
Conservatives who did not agree with Roosevelt, they wanted government to let business alone and play a less active role in the economy
National Labor Relations Act
A 1935 law, also known as the Wagner Act, that guarantees workers the right of collective bargaining sets down rules to protect unions and organizers, and created the National Labor Relations Board to regulate labor-managment relations.
Moral Diplomacy
President Wilson's goals such as to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace.
League of Nations
an international peace-keeping organization proposed by Wilson and founded in 1920
Black Friday
price of gold plummeted; fisk and gould take control of gold supply
Treaty of Paris (1898)
signed on December 10, 1898, ended the Spanish-American War.provided that Cuba would become independent from Spain but the US congress made sure it would be under US control (Platt Amendment).
National War Labor Board
a board that negotiated labor disputes and gave workers what they wanted to prevent strikes that would disrupt the war
The Big four
Italy, France, England, and the U.S. 4 powers who met at Versallies to discuss peace
Queen Liliuokalani
the Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests
USS Maine
Ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War
Kellogg-Briand Pact
an international treaty "providing for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy." It failed in its purpose but was significant for later developments in international law
Platt Amendment
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble
Red Scare (1919)
a nation-wide anti-radical hysteria provoked by a mounting fear and anxiety
Pan-Am Airlines
1st airline service
Herbert Hoover
31st President of the United States, president of the U.S from 1923-1933 leader of the US in the beginning of the great depression. He didn't want the gov involved in the peoples lives and thought that the people should express their individual rights.
Teapot Dome Scandal
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
dawes Plan
A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.
Panama canal
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1915. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to Panama on Jan 1, 2000 (746)
Doughboys
a nickname for the inexperienced but fresh American soldiers during WWI
3 R's
relief, recovery,
Russo Japanese War
Russia and Japan were fighting over Korea, Manchuria, etc. Began in 1904, but neither side could gain a clear advantage and win. Both sent reps to Portsmouth, NH where TR mediated Treaty of New Hampshire in 1905. TR won the nobel peace prize for his efforts, the 1st pres. to do so.
Okies
unflattering name given to Oklahomans and others from the rural Midwest, especially those who left the Dust Bowl looking for better lives during the 1930s
George Norris
Norris sponsored the Tennessee Valley Authority Act of 1933. In appreciation, the TVA Norris Dam and a new planned city in Tennessee were named after him.[1][2] Norris was also the prime Senate mover behind the Rural Electrification Act that brought electrical service to under-served and unserved rural areas across the United States.
Herbert Hoover
31rst. He was the Republican president when the depression hit. He advocated a "self-responsibility" role to end the depression since it was a routine event in a solid economy.
Louis Armstrong
United States jazz trumpeter and bandleader (1900-1971)
Warren G. Harding
a senetor from Ohio chosen by the republicans to be a candidate after WW1
Henry Cabot Lodge
conservative senator who wanted to keep the United States out of the League of Nations
Stimson Doctrine
Result of Japanese invasion, U.S Doctrine that protested to Japanese, us would not recognize any territorial acquisitions achieved by force
Ohio Gang
Harding's "advisors" who played poker, drank, and smoked with him in the White House
Mexican Revolution
The Mexican Revolution was characterized by several socialist, liberal, anarchist and agrarianist movements, and culminated in the Mexican Constitution of 1917 Led by Fransico Madero
Alfred T. Mahan
Wrote The Influence of Sea Power upon History.
War Industries Board
Agency established during WWI to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries.
Joseph Pulitzer
owner of the New York World newspaper/ Leader in Yellow Journalism
Henry Ford
Ford's dream was to make an inexspensive car that nearly every American could own. At last Ford developed the assembly line metod, which he used to produced his Model T
1918 flu epidemic
was an influenza pandemic that started in the United States, appeared in West Africa and France and then spread to nearly every part of the globe
Imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.

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