This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

ecology

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
habitat
the area where an organism lives, grows, and develops
pyramid of mass
The mass (weight) and numbers of organisms decreases
carbon sink
A natural environment that absorbs and stores more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than it releases, which offsets greenhouse gas emissions.
legumes
group of plants that include beans and peas
transpiration
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants
elevation
The height of an object above grade level.
parasitism
the relation between two different kinds of organisms in which one receives benefits from the other by causing damage to it
percolation
the filtration of a liquid for extraction or purification
population
All of the organisms of one species in a given area
short cycle
cycles that last for a short period of time
cooperation
An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit; joint action.
photosynthesis
the process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to power chemical reactions that convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
ecology
the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment
marine
of or relating to the sea
water cycle
the continous movemont of water from the sea into the sky , to earth, through rivers and streams and ground back to the sea
fossil fuel
fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
symbiosis
the relation between two different species of organisms that are interdependent
light
any device serving as a source of illumination
energy flow
the passage of energy through the components of the ecosystem
biotic potential
The highest possible per capita rate of increase for a population.
commensalism
the relation between two different kinds of organisms when one receives benefits from the other without damaging it
cycle
regular pattern of change
long cycle
cycles that can last an entire life or longer
fixing bacteria
a bacteria that helps nitrogen combine with oxygen and hydrogen to a compound animals can consume; like nitrates or ammonia
biosphere
the regions of the surface and atmosphere of the Earth (or other planet) where living organisms exist
rainforest
a forest that grows in hot, wet parts of the world near the equator
condensation
the act of increasing the density of something
decomposer
organisms that break down wastes and dead organisms and return raw materials to the environment
desert
an arid region with little or no vegetation
energy pyramid
simple diagram that shows how energy in food flows from one organisim to another
wind
air moving (sometimes with considerable force) from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure
ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment
common
a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
temperature
The property of a material that tells how warm or cold it is with respect to some standard.
immigration
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing population
temperate forest
biome composed of forests broad leaved hard wood trees that lose their foliage annually
exponential population growth
the ideal conditions with unlimited resources in the increase in the number of organisms who inhabit a community
niche
full range of physical and biological conditions in which an organsim lives and the way in which the organism uses those conditions
carrying capacity
largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support
tropical rainforest
biome near the equator with warm climate wet weather and lush plant growth
thermal vent
vents at the bottom of the ocean, can reach up to 700ºC
air
a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing
evaporation
the process by which water changes from liquid form to gas
tundra
a vast treeless plain in the arctic regions between the ice cap and the tree line
wetland
marshes swamps or other kinds of land that are damp or covered with water
carbon cycle
the organic circulation of carbon from the atmosphere into organisms and back again, The continuous movement of carbon through Earth, it's atmosphere. and the living things on Earth.
climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time, average weather conditions of a particular area
savannah
a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
respiration
The conversion of oxygen and nutrients into energy, produces water as a waste product (exhalation)
nitrogen cycle
the cycle in which nitrogen gas is changed into forms of nitrogen that plants can use
rain shadow
An area having relatively little precipitation due to the effect of a barrier
arctic
the regions north of the Arctic Circle centered on the North Pole
limiting factor
environment factors that prevent a population from increasing
lightning
the flash of light that accompanies an electric discharge in the atmosphere (or something resembling such a flash)
pyramid of numbers
representation of the number of individual organisms in each trophic level of an ecosystem
dynamic balance
a real-world situation where you make constant adjustments to move closer to the point of equilibrium.
chemosynthesis
when organisms use chemical energy to produce carbohydrates
water
a fluid necessary for the life of most animals and plants
run off
Water (usually from rain) that flows over a land surface in streams and water ways
mutualism
a symbiotic relationship whereby both organisms/species involved benefit from the relationship
soil
material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use)
community
different populations that live together in a defined area

Deck Info

62

permalink