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Sparknotes SAT Helpful Roots


undefined, object
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pel, puls
to drive, driven | pulse, compulsion, expel, impulse
will, desire, wish | volition, volunteer, involuntary
od, odia
smell | odor, odious
to walk | circumambulate, amble
cant, cent
to sing | canticle, chant, recant, incantation
gen, gon
birth, race, kind | genetic, gonad, congenital, gender
luc, lumin, lux
light, to shine | illuminate, lucent, luminary, elucidate
creant, cred, creed
to believe, to trust | credence, credit, incredible
voc, vok, vow
voice, to call or summon | vocalize, vociferous, avow, equivocate
gram, graph
a written record, to write | telegram, autograph
of, by, for, or in oneself | autobiography, autocrat, autodidact
bene, bon
good | bonus, benefit
cern, cert, cret, crim
to separate, to distinguish | discern, uncertain
vail, val
to be strong, to be worthy | valiant, valor, validate, valence
pur, purg
to clear of guilt, to get rid of something unwanted | purge, pure, expurgate, purgatory
house, master | domestic, dominate
rati, reas
to think, calculate | rate, ratify, rational, reasonable
ten, tain, tent, tin
to hold | tenable, tenacious, tenet, contain, detain
quest, quir, quisit
to ask | request, inquest, question, acquire, conquer
for, fort
strong | fortress, enforce, comfort
aug, auct, auth, aux
to increase, to create | augment, author, auxiliary
cap, capt, cep, cept
box, to take, contain, seize | capture, receipt, capacious
scrib, scribe, script
to write, something written | circumscribe, ascribe, describe, inscribe, prescribe
phob, phobo
fear | phobia
idea, philosophy | ideology, idol, ideal
spir, spire
to breathe, breath, spirit | aspire, expire, conspire, transpire
nom, num
law | nomad, economy, astronomy
rect, reg, rig
to rule or guide, proper, straight | rectify, regal, region, regulate, rigorous
trop, tropic, tropy
to turn, a change or turn | trope, tropic, entropy
cid, cide
to kill | regicide, suicide, genocide
bad | malady, malcontent, malefactor
phil, philia
love, fondness for | philosophy, philanthropy, philander, philology
universe, order | cosmic, cosmopolitan
equal, similar | isometric, isotope
lign, line
line | delineate, lineage
man, human being | philanthropy, anthropology
lat, late, lation
to bear, to carry | collate, correlate, legislate, translate
corp, cors
body | corporeal, corpulent
stant, stat, stit
to stand, to stay, to state | assistant, consistent, constant, status, stance, destiny
ced, cede, ceed, cess
to yield, to go | cede, accessible, necessary
dic, dict, diction
to say, speech, word | dictate, indicate, edict, benediction
opt, optic
eye, vision | panopticon, optics,
vit, viv
life, to live | vital, survive, viable, vivify
stru, struct
to build, a building or pattern | destructive, instruct, obstruct, structural
pleasing, thankful | gratitude, congratulate, ingratiate
xene, xeno, xeny
foreign | xenophobe, xenogamy
fin, finite
end, purpose | infinite, definite
andro, andry
male | android, androgynous
to deny | negate, neglect, renege
mor, mort
death | mortal, mortician, mortify
noct, nox
night | nocturnal, equinox
solute, solv
to release, to loosen, to free | dissolve, absolute, insoluble
fid, fidel
faith, trust | fidelity, confidence, infidel
alg, algesia, algia
pain | analgesic
part, patri
father | patriot, patronage, patriarch, paternal
kine, kinesia, kinesis
movement, energy | kinetic, cinema
aco(u) to hear, hearing
mind, feeling, life | animate
spec, spect, spic
to look, to see | aspect, specific, spectator, spectrum, specimen
ver, veri
true | veracious, verdict, verify
to break, to sever | rupture, abrupt, disrupt, corrupt, interrupt
vor, vorous, vour
to eat, to swallow | voracious, carnivorous
plaud, plaus, plod, plos
to make a loud noise | applaud, explode
sen, senil
old, old age | senior, senator, senescence
am, amat
to love | amiable, amorous
chrom, chromat
color | chromatic, polychromatic
prim, prin
first | primary, primate, premier
rad, radic
root | radical, eradicate
esthe, esthesia
to feel, sensation | anesthesia, esthetics
log, logue, logy, lexico
speech, word, study of | logic, lecture, analogy
path, pathic, pathy
emotion, suffering | pathological, pathetic, sympathy, empathy
new | neologism, neonate
lect, leg, lig
to choose, to read | legible, intelligent, dialect, collect
vac, van, vast, void
empty, desolate | vacuum, vacant, vanity, devastate, avoid
temper, tempor, temp
time, balance | temporize, temporary, contemplate, temperature
agon, agonist
struggle, content | agony, antagonist
large | macrocosm
lev, lieve, life
to lift, light in weight | alleviate, elevator, relief
jud, jur, just
right, law | jury, judgment, judicious, injury, perjury
cog, cogit
to think | cognitive, cogent
secut, sequ
to follow, to ensue | sequence, consequence, execute, consecutive
whole | holistic, hologram
flesh | carnal, incarnate, carnivore
to hear, hearing, aloud | audible, audience
first, ancient, rule | archaic, archive
act, ag
to act, to do, to drive | active, agent
tend, tens
to stretch | extend, distend, tension, tendril
fract, frag, frang, fring
to shatter | fracture, fragment, fragile, refract
idi, idio
personal, private | idiosyncratic, idiom
ger, gest
to carry, to produce | gestate, gesture, digest
medi, meso, mid
in the middle of | intermediate, mediocre, medium
gynec, gyn, gynist
female | gynecologist, misogyny
doc, doct, dog, dox
to teach, learning | doctrine, dogma, orthodox
tact, tang, teg, ting
to touch | tactile, taste, tangible, contact, contingent
salu, salv
safety, health | salubrious, salvage, salutary
water | aquatic, aquarium
glue, to stick together | colloquy, collage
ject, jet
to throw | eject, inject, jettison, projectile
equ, qui
equal, even | equate, adequate, equinox
small | microscope
hier, hieratic
holy, sacred | hierarchy, hieroglyphic
zoa, zo, zoo, zoon
life, living | zoo, zodiac, metazoan
top, tope, topy
place | topic, topology, utopia
grad, grade, gress
to step, a degree or grade | gradual, degree, progress
tract, treat
to draw, to extend, to attract | extract, treatise, contract, retreat, subtract
capit, capt, cipit
head, chief | capital, precipitate, chapter, capitulate
plen, plet
to fill, full | plentiful, plethora, replenish
ser, sor
a series, attachment | serial, desert, assert
ov, ovul
egg, egg-shaped | oval, ovulate
hate | misanthrope, misogyny
time | synchronous, chronicle
flu, fluor, flux, fluv
to flow | affluence, fluid, superfluous
society, group | aggregate, gregarious
hydr, hydro
water, liquid | hydraulics, hydrant
jug, junct
a link, to join | juncture, conjunction, conjugate
cis, cise
to cut | excise, scissors
locut, loqu, loquy
to speak, speech | locution, circumlocution, eloquent, ventriloquist
de, div
concerning God or deities | divine, deity
brac, brachi
the arm | brachiate, bracelet
qui, quil, quit
rest | quiet, quit, acquiesce, acquit
caus, cuse
to cause | causal, excuse, accuse
trib, tribe, trit
to rub, to wear down | tribulation, trite, attrition
par, pare
equal | pair, parity, peer, compare
cruc, crus
cross, significant | crux, crusade, crucial
troub, turb
confusion, whirling | disturb, perturb, turbine, turbulence
soph, sophy
wisdom | philosophy, sophisticated
agog(ue), agogy
to lead, leader, guiding, inducing | demagogue

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