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Theology

Terms

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St. Augustine
St. Monica, his mother, prayed for his conversion and he did become an early African bishop
Gospels
Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John - 4 similar but unique views of Jesus' life and teachings
Mark
shortest of the four Gospels
Old Testament and Hebrew Scriptures
_________ refers to the work of God in the life of the Hebrew nation; so it is sometimes referred to as the __________.
The Mass
our greatest communal prayer
Wisdom Books
includes books such as psalms and proverbs
Apostles Creed
conveys the "mind" or the "intention" of the 12 Apostles, dates back to the first decades of the Church, and a version is used during the sacrament of baptism
The 4 Gospels because they tell us about the life, teachings, saving death, and Resurrection of Jesus
Which books occupy the central place in the Bible?Why?
Mark
stories in which Jesus is a man of action
psalms and canticles
poems and prayers that were once sung
New Testament Historical Book
Acts of the Apostles- stories on how the Apostles spread the Good News of Jesus, written by the author of Luke
covenant
a solemn promise, or agreement, made between 2 parties
lectionary
the book from which the Scriptures are read
Liturgy of the Eucharist
part of mass in which we celebrate and recieve communion
sitting
posture of listening and meditation
John
different from the Synoptic Gospels
John
probably the last Gospel written
New Law, New Covenant, Law of the Gospel of Jesus Christ
What is the New Testament called?
celebrant
another name for the priest celebrating mass
Old Covenant, Old Law, Law of Moses
What is the Old Testament called?
Mark
first Gospel to be written
Prophetic Books
includes books such as Isaiah and Jeremiah
parables
short stories told to make a point; Jesus' stories are the most well-known examples
liturgy
the work of the people
Mary
considered to be greatest among saints in Heaven, mother of Jesus, mother of God
beatification
the point at which a person is named blessed
synoptic gospels
means "seeing the whole together" they are Matthew, Mark, and Luke
Jesus
took on human nature
Old Testament
story of God's revelation from the beginning of time(creation) to right before the coming of Jesus
Lectio Divina
Ancient form of prayer with scripture
Trinity
the mystery of one God in 3 persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
prayer
a personal conversation or dialogue with God
All Saints Day
celebrated on November 1
John
clearly presents Jesus as God's divine Son
Jesse Tree
sort of family tree which traces all that God has done throughout the ages to prepare for Jesus
Book of Remembrance
another name for the book of the dead
soul
the spiritual principle within us
creed
a summary of the true beliefs held by a group
27
Number of books in the New Testament
life and teaching of Jesus, oral tradition, and written Gospels
What are the three stages in which the Gospels were formed?
John
stories in which Jesus describes himself by starting with "I am"
Transubstantiation
the change of the whole substance of the Eucharist bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ
St. Katharine Drexel
she dedicated her life to helping African Americans and Native Americans
through nature, through ourselves, through others, prayer
4 ways God reveals himself
Second Reading
usually from the New Testament Epistles
New Testament Letters
from early Christian leaders to the 1st Christians and Christian community
God the Father
the origin/creator of everything
1st and 2nd Advent/ Coming of Christ
Christmas/ Parousia
revelation
God's communication of Himself and His plan of loving goodness throughout history
faith
a theological virtue- our positive response to God
Doxology
"Through Him with with Him, and in him, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, all glory and honor is yours Almighty Father, forever and ever."
Caesar Chavez
20th Century Mexican American who devoted his life to improving conditions for migrant workers
praise
we give God glory for his own sake, apart from what he does
Jesus
is like us in all things except in sin
Pier Giorgio Frassati
praised for his embrace of "life's ordinariness"
St. John Damascene
defined prayer as "the raising of one's mind and heart to God"
Holy Spirit
the breath -life - of God
homily
reflection on the meaning of the Gospel and how it applies to life
Torah, Pentateuch
1st five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy
Gospel
always read at every mass by a deacon, priest, or a bishop
Black Elk
served as a missionary to other Native Americans
All Souls Day
celebrated on November 2
Dia de los Muertos
Hispanic celebration of the day of the dead
4 candles/ candle flame
symbolizes 4 weeks/ Jesus- light of the world
Advent
Latin term Adventus, "coming"
Matthew
stories that connect Jesus to important people in the Bible
vocation
one's calling or destiny in life
Luke
stories emphasizing Jesus' concern and passion for the poor
God the Father
has transcendent authority over all creation
New Testament and Christian Scriptures
_________ refers to the work of Jesus Christ, whose life, death, and resurrection shows God 's grace to everyone; it's sometimes referred to as the ____________.
canonization
the official process of naming a person a saint
Holy Spirit
God within us, giving hope and courage
Memorial Acclamation
we profess our belief in the passion, death. Resurrection, and glorious return of Jesus
Apocalyptic Book
Book of Revelation
Apostles Creed and Nicene Creed
What are the 2 main creeds of the Catholic Church?
Liturgy of the Word
part of the mass in which we listen to the Scriptures
intercession
we ask God to help other people, even our enemies
thanksgiving
we express gratitude for something God has done
God the Father
we are his children
Holy Spirit
was at work in Jesus from birth through Resurrection
Old Testament Historical Books
includes books such as Judges and 1st and 2nd Kings
46
Number of books in the Old Testament
God
the one and only the Supreme Being
circle
symbolizes God's eternal love, no beginning and no end
pink
symbolizes hope and joy for approaching celebration
evergreen
symbolizes God is always and will never end; life
New Testament
the story of God's revelation in Jesus, his life, and his Church
God the Son
the 2nd person of the Trinity
The Lord's Prayer
a wonderful summary of the whole Gospel of Jesus
purple
symbolizes joyful preparation and expectations
Jesus
our redeemer, savior, and friend
God the Father
a loving parent who shows uncoditional love
Penitential Rite
we pray that God will send His mercy to those gathered and make us worthy to participate in this Holy sacrament
First Reading
usually from the Old Testament
Concluding Rites
closing prayer, final blessing, and dismissal
contrition
we express true sorrow for the sins we have committed
kneeling
posture of adoration
standing
a sign of respect and honor
petition
we ask God to give us something we need
Parousia
2nd coming of Christ
bow
before receiving commionunion and during the Nicene Creed
adoration
we acknowledge that we are creatures before our creator
Jesse
Hebrew root word meaning "Savior"
ambo
place from which the readings are read
Holy Spirit
fills the Church members with wisdom and faith
Thomas Merton
20th Century Trappist priest who wrote about faith and prayer
Messiah
a savior sent by God to redeem people from the power of sin and everlasting death and to restore them to God's friendship
Eucharist
comes from the Greek verb meaning "thanksgiving"
Nicene Creed
a statement that was formulated by the church at the Coucil of Nicaea in 325 A.D. and we pray this during most Sunday masses
Bible
the record of God's revelation through history, Sacred Scriptue, Word of God, composed by human authors and inspired by the holy spirit

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