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Forensic Science

Terms

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Edmond Locard
Locard's Exchange Principle
Forensic Science
the application of science to criminal or civil law
Expert Testimony
A witness who through education has knowledge on a subject that aids in the incrimination of a suspect
Toxicology Unit
the findings of drugs and other posions
Evidence-Collection Unit
Preservation of physical evidence
Leone Lattes
Developed the method for blood typing
Physical Science Lab
uses principles of chemistry, physics, geology to identifya dn compare evidence
FBI
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Odontology
used teeth to identify; victims when body is unrecognizable
DEA
Drug Enforcement Administration
Evidence Technicans
A person assigned of a suspect collecting and storing evidence
U.S. Postal Service
criminal investigations related to the postal service
ATF
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firears, Explosives
Albert S. Osborn
Developed the principles of document examination
Areas of Science
Chemisry, physics, geology, biology
Locard's Exchange Principle
Trace evidence is transferred when people come in contact
LAPD
Los Angeles Police Department
Psychology
examines relationships between human behavior and legal proceedings
Entomology
study of insects in relation to a criminal investigation
Anthropology
identification and examination of human skeletal remains
Calvin Goddard
Developed the method for microscope in the usage of the comparsion of firearms
Latent Fingerprint Unit
Examines the evidence for fingerprints
Biology Unit
Find DNA matches to blood stains, body fluids, hairs, and fibers
Francis Galton
Developed the method of classifying fingerprints
Number of Crime Labs
Over 300 labs
Functions of a Forensic Scientist
Analysis of physical, Provide expert witness testimony, provide training in recognition collection, preservation of evidence
Alphonse Bertillon
Father of criminal identification
Hans Gross
Application of science to crimes
Pathology
investigation of sudden, unnatural, unexpalined or violent death
Matheiu Orfila
Father of toxicology
Increase in Crime Labs
Increase crime rate, increase use of DNA evidence, required specialized training and equipment
Firearms Unit
Examines firearms, bullets, cartridges, shotguns shells, and ammunition
Forensic Engineering
concerned with failure analysis accident reconstruction

Deck Info

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