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AP Human Geography Key terms Chap.1-2

Mr.Skeie's AP Human Geography Key Term quiz on chapters one and two


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Sequent occupance
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
cultural modification resulting from intercultural borrowing
Geographic region
an exact area according to maps
Hieracchical diffusion
a form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by trickling down from larger to smaller adoption units
Political ecology
an approach to studying nature-society relations that is concerned w/the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the result of the political and socioeconomical contexts in which theyr are suited
Human Geography
spatial analysis of human population, their cultures, activities, and lanscapes
to disperse something in certain amounts
vertical order of regions
Environmental determinism
view that natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development
Culture systems
grouping of certain complexes together (common traits)
the movement of ideas, notions, and innovations
Functional Region
the product of interactions, of movement of various kinds
refers to the mobility of people
Culture trait
a single attribute of culture
Contagious diffusion
the distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person.
Stimulus diffusion
a third form of expansion diffusion
way of life
an area on Earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, funtional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon
Geographic realm
the basic spatial unit in our world regionalization scheme
a particular arrangement
Absolute Location
exact latitude and longitude
Geographic info. systems (GISs)
a new tool that allows geographers to combine layers of spatial data in a computerized environment, creating maps in which patterns and processes are superimposed
Expansion diffusion
the spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area
the spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture element
Physical Geography
spatial analysis of the structure, processes, and location of the Earth's natural phenomena such as climate, soil, plants, animals and topography
Independent invention
a single peson or company creating an idea or object, alone.
a location
Environmental Geography
the view that natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development
spatial extent
geological tool that displays latitude and longitude
Perceptual Regions
region that only exists as a conceptualization or idea and not as a physically demarcated entity
Relocation diffusion
sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate the new ones
Migrant diffusion
a particular form of relocation diffusion
Mental Map
the map in your mind
Regional Science
an undertaking that involves the application of modern quantitative spatial analytic techniques to regional questions
Cultural hearth
place of origin of a major culture (source area, heartland)
Spacial perspective
a way of looking at the world's and the earth's layout
cultural borrowing that occurs when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact
Culture region
a region within which common cultural characteristics prevail
Relative Location
location relative to other human and physical features on the landscape
geographical position of a place or thing
Location Theory
an element of contemporary human geography that seeks answers to a wide range of questions-some theoretical, some practical.
Remote Sensing
a geographic technique that monitors the Earth's surface from a distane using modern techonology
geographic viewpoint-a response to determinism- that holds that human decision making is the crucial factor in cultural development, not the environment
an advanced state of a society possessing historical and cultural unity whose attributes include plant and animal domestication, metallurgy, occupational specialization, writing and urbanizm
Cultural diffusion
the process of dissemination, the spread of an idea or innovation from its source area to other cultures
Human-environment interactions
a spatial perspective that invites consideration of the relationship among phenomena in individual places-including between humans and the world
the process through which people lose originally differentiating traits, such as dress, speach particularities or manerisms, when they come into contact with another society or culture
material character of a place
Formal Region
cultural criteria;the type of region marked
Cultural Landscape
the composite of artificial features.
Environmental Perception
the total impression of sights supplemented by sounds and smells
Culture complex
a related set of culture traits, such as prevailing dress codes,cooking,and eating utensils
Culture realm
a cluster of regions in which related culture systems prevail

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