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AP Human Geography Chapter 5 Vocab

Terms

undefined, object
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extinct language
language once used by people in daily activites but is no longer used
literary tradition
language that is written as well as spoken
spanglish
combination of english and spanish
lingua franca
language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
standard language
form of a language used for official government business, education and mass communications
official language
language adopted for use by the government for conduct of business and publication of documents
language group
collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocab
pidgin language
form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocab of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of different languages
creole or creolized language
a language that results from the mixing of the colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
language branch
collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. differences are not as extensive or as old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family
language
system of communication through the use of speech, collection of sounds and understood by a group of people to have the same meaning
isogloss
boundary that seperates regions in which different language uses predominate
british received pronunciation (BRP)
the dialect of england associated with upper class britons living in the london area and now considered standard in the uk
vulgar latin
form of latin used in daily convo by ancient romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.
ideograms
system of writing used in china and other east asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a sound, as is the case for english
language family
collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history
dialect
regional variation of a language distinguished by vocab, spelling and pronunciation
ebonics
dialect spoken by some african -americans
isolated language
language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any family
franglais
a term used by french for english words that have entered the french language, a combination of francais and anglais

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