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Geo - Chapter 4 - Cultures

Terms

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society
A group that shares a culture and region
democracy
a type of government in which citizens hold political power either directly or through elected representatives
suburb
The built up area around a city.
natural resources
materials on or in the earth that have economic value
religion
a belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe
diffusion
The spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior to different societies.
market economy
A type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by the demand from consumers. Also called demand economy or capitalism.
mortality rate
is the death rate per thousand people
fertility rate
average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime
GNP
the total value of all goods and services produced by a county in a period of time
economic system
The way people produce and exchange goods.
population pyramid
is a graph that shows the distribution of gender and age of a countries population
culture
Knowledge, attitude, and behavior pasted on in a group
communism
Nearly all political power and means of production are held by the government.
push/pull factors
The reasons for migrating to different reasons
cultural hearth
The heartland or place of origin of a major culture; a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to other cultures.
command economy
A type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by a central government, which usually owns the means of production. Also called planned economy.
economy
The production and exchange of goods and services among a group of people.
land-locked
A country that is surrounded by other land and with no direct outlet to the sea.
dictatorship
a type of government in which an individual or a group holds complete political power
dialect
a version of a langiage that reflects changes in speech patterns due to class, region, or cultural changes
birth rate
the number of live births per thousand population
innovation
Taking existing elements of society and creating something new to meet a need.
ethnic group
A group that shares heritage, customs, and language
acculturation
The cultural change that occurs when individuals in a society accept or adopt an innovation.
nation-state
the name of a territory when a nation and a state occupy the same territory
carrying capacity
The number of organisms a piece of land can support
GDP
Total value of a country's wealth divided by population
state
An independent unit that occupies a specific territory
urban geography
The study of how people use space in cities.
population density
The amount of average people who liv in a measurable area
nation
A group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity
rate of natural increase
is the rate of growth of the country after figuring the death rate and the birth rate
monarchy
a type of government in which a ruling family headed by a king or queen holds political power and may or may not share the power with citizen bodies

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