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World Regional Geography 1200

Terms

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world Regions
10-12
De facto boundaries
two or more groups of people that consider themselves radically different from one another
Global Circulatory Systems
Transfer of excess heat to poles and cold air to equator
Cultural Group
People with shared identity
Enterprise zones
components are brought together for assembly
secondary/industrial economy
manufactured goods
Structural adjustment programs
specified by the IMF that countries need to implement to reschedule debt payments
Colonialism
severely upset the developing cultural, political and social structures of the countries
0 AD
250m people
3 environment issues
Agriculture, urbanization, global warming
Ethnic group
when a group moves beyond its traditional boundaries
Continental effect
makes climate more extreme
tertiary/service
all those activities that are services to others
Global warming causes
large increase in atmospheric levels of co2, methane, water vapor
Deforestation
reduces the ability of the earth to remove harmful gases
Primary/extractive economy
agriculture, mining, forestry
Tropical rainforest destruction
began in 16th century, rapid increase since 1950
main culprits of deforestation
Logging companies, cattle grazing, population growth
Exceptions to latitude rule
cloud cover and altitude
Supranational groups
NATO, ASEAN, NAFTA, EU
Culture is made up of
Ideas, Materials, Institutions
Maritime effect
moderates climate
10000 BC
Agricultural revolution, ~5m people
Fundamental process of climate
absorbtion of incoming solar radiation, return of long wave radiation, air is heated by earth's surface
Circulation system
a series of air and ocean convection cells that transfer surplus energy to the poles and cold air to the equator
Demographic Theory
can be used to predict future population growth patterns
Formal economy
economic activity that takes place within official channels
Languages
2500 to 3500
European Colonialism
had the biggest influence on current language distribution
Cultural Landscape
the direct and indirect expression of culture on the landscape
Regions
central organizing concept, based on a combonation of physical and human characteristics
Global Circulatory Cells
Hadley, Ferrel, Polar
Neocolonialism
Political independence/ economic dependence
Middle and south America, very diverse region
climatically, geomorphology, agriculturally, culturally, and demographically
quaternary
activities that use and manipulate high end information (law, banking, medicine, etc...)
Informal economy
not officially recognized; maybe as much as 1/3 of economy
Doubling time
the amount of time it takes for the population of a region to double
Centrifugal forces
break a country apart
Malthus Theory
Humans tend to reproduce geometrically and increase sustenance arithmetically
Number of Nations of Peoples
3,000 to 5,000
Centripetal forces
bind a country together and define a people into a single "national" identity
Religion
formal and informal institutions that embody value systems
Multinational Corporation
evolved into conglomerate companies that loosely tie together dozens of large companies
Amazon
loss rate 9m hectares/year
De jure boundaries
defined by and internationally recognized borders
Number of Countries
192
Coriolis effect
winds blow at 45 degree angle
Merchant Capitalism
European merchant capitalists push overseas in search of profits in 16th century
Culture group
in situ groups with their own identity
Culture
all that we use to carry on life on earth that is not directly part of our bilogical inheritance

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