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Geography Midterm Part 1

Terms

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Atlas
a collection of maps in book form
Robinson Projection
Projection that attempts to balance several possible projection errors. It does not maintain completely accurate area, shape, distance, or direction, but it minimizes errors in each.
Equator
intersection of the Earth's surface with the plane perpendicular to the Earth's axis of rotation and containing the Earth's center of mass
Thematic Map
special map that shows specific topics in detail
5 Oceans
Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Artic and Antarctic (Southern). The largest is the Pacific.
Symbol
any object on a map representing a place, thing, or action
Geography
study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, etc.
Coordinates
A set of numbers that describes your location on or above the earth. Coordinates are typically based on latitude/longitude lines of reference or a global/regional grid projection (e.g., UTM, MGRS, Maidenhead).
Resource Map
map of an area's resources
Cardinal Directions
North, South, East, and West
Prime Meridian
meridian (line of longitude) at which longitude is defined to be 0°.
Mercator Projection
true shapes of landmasses but distorts the size
5 Themes of Geography
Location, Place, Human and Environment Interactions, Movement, and Region.
Climate Map
this map shows various climate regions
Longitude
horizontal lines parallel to the equator
Minutes
1 step lower than degrees when finding a location
Map
a diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface (or part of it)
International Date Line
an imaginary line on the surface of the earth following (approximately) the 180th meridian
Scale
shows how large the map area really is (measures distance)
Historical Map
a map that shows historical happenings (ex. Revolutionary War, Immigration)
Population Map
thematic map that shows population in an area
Mental Map
maps that represent the mental image that a person has of an area-even of places we've never been.
Polar Projection
A projection that fixes on a point, usually on a pole, shows true distance
Degrees
used to measure temperature, latitude, longitude, right ascsension, and declination
Key
a list of words or phrases that explain symbols or abbreviations
Azimuthal Projection
A map projection in which the plane is the most developable surface.
Compass Rose
A symbol on a compass or map that is circular with graded points for the directions
Globe
a sphere on which a map (especially of the earth) is represented
Political Map
A map that shows all the boundaries of nations and other political units
Parallels
another name for latitude lines
Orientation
This word describes a location or position's arrangement relative to the points of the compass
Physical Map
shows types of landforms and bodies of water found in the area -shows the earth's natural features (i.e. elevation and vegetation)
Latitude
imaginary lines around the Earth perpendicular to the equator
Time Zone Map
A map that shows the world or region's time zones
7 Continents
Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America. The largest is Asia.
Hemisphere
half of the terrestrial globe
Legend
explanatory list of symbols on a map

Deck Info

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