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AP Human Geography: Chapter Five: Language


undefined, object
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a system of communication through speech, a collection of sounds that a group of people understands to have the same meaning
the dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in the London area and now considered standard in the United Kingdom.
British Received Pronunciation (BRP)
A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer’s language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Creole or Creolized Language
a regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
Dialect spoken by some African Americans.
a language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used
Extinct Language
a term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language, a combination of François and Anglais
characters that represent ideas or concepts
a boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
a language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family
Isolated Language
A collection of languages that existed through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago.
Language Branch
a collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history
Language Family
a collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary
Language Group
a language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
Lingua Franca
a language that is written as well as spoken
Literary Tradition
language used by the government for laws, reports, and public objects
Official Language
a form of speech that adopts a simplified and limited vocabulary of lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages
Pidgin Language
combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic-Americans
a dialect that is well-established and widely recognized as the most acceptable for the government, business, education, and mass communication
Standard language
a form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents
Vulgar Latin

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